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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

Date: September 21, 2006
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Description: Responsibility for overseeing reconstruction in post-conflict Iraq initially fell to the Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA). Established in early 2003, ORHA had been replaced by June of that year by the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). On June 28, 2004, CPA ceased operations. Whether CPA was a federal agency is unclear. Some executive branch documents supported the notion that it was created by the President. Another possibility is that the authority was created by, or pursuant to, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483. This report discusses the issue of CPA's status as an agency, including the uncertain circumstances regarding its creation and demise, as well as relevant legislation and subsequent lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

Date: September 21, 2006
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Description: The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA or “the authority”) was established approximately one month after United States and coalition forces took control of Baghdad in Iraq on April 9, 2003.1 The authority’s mission was “to restore conditions of security and stability, to create conditions in which the Iraqi people can freely determine their own political future, (including by advancing efforts to restore and establish national and local institutions for representative governance) and facilitating economic recovery, sustainable reconstruction and development. This report discusses two views on how the authority was established, reviews selected characteristics of the authority, identifies statutory reporting requirements concerning the authority and the reconstruction of Iraq, and explores several policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Reorganization: The 2SR Initiative

Department of Homeland Security Reorganization: The 2SR Initiative

Date: September 22, 2006
Creator: Relyea, Harold C & Hogue, Henry B
Description: This report focuses primarily on the conclusions and proposals resulting from 2SR pertaining to organization and managerial lines of authority matters. In one of his first actions as Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge’s successor, Michael Chertoff, on March 2, 2005, announced in testimony before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security that he was “initiating a comprehensive review of the Department’s organization, operations, and policies.” This effort, he said, would begin “within days.” The results of that undertaking, which came to be known as the Second Stage Review or 2SR, were made public in mid-July.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Department and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations and FY2007 Request

State Department and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations and FY2007 Request

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Date: October 10, 2001
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Date: February 4, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Date: March 30, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization

Executive Branch Reorganization

Date: September 22, 2000
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: This issue brief views reorganization as involving the alteration and relocation of both programs and the administrative structure of the executive branch for reasons of efficiency, economy, and direction. The underlying issue is who reorganizes--Congress or the President--and by what authority and, also, for what purpose? Some other related administrative and management reforms are tracked as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Date: May 15, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Homeland Security: The Presidential Coordination Office

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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