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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This Legal Sidebar on statutory interpretation addresses the question of whether executive branch agencies are barred from taking actions that Congress has not specifically authorized them to take.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2017 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2016 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of annual CJS appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discuses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2002: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2002: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture by summarizing the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report also lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The report discusses the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps, efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps, and related issues. Current issues include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment, volunteer access to abortion, and other issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: This report serves as a primer on the key federal agencies charged with border security by briefly describing each agency's role in securing our nation's borders. The four main agencies are the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the United States Coast Guard, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Good Cause Exception to Notice and Comment Rulemaking: Judicial Review of Agency Action

The Good Cause Exception to Notice and Comment Rulemaking: Judicial Review of Agency Action

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report will examine judicial analysis of the good cause standard and map several factors that lead courts to uphold or reject agencies' invocation of the exception. Federal agencies issue numerous rules pursuant to congressionally delegated authority. The Administrative Procedure Act's (APA's) "good cause" exception, however, permits agencies to forgo Section 553's notice and comment requirement if "the agency for good cause finds" that compliance would be "impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest" and to bypass its requirement that rules be published 30 days before implementation if good cause exists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers civil works program, including congressional authorization and appropriations. Its civil works responsibilities are principally to support navigation, reduce flood and storm damage, and protect and restore aquatic ecosystems. The report also covers the standard project development process for Corps projects and other Corps activities and authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform

Postal Reform

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: This report examines the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) financial crisis and the resulting legislative action. Although its short-term financial performance has improved, the USPS faces severe long-term financial straits, largely due to digital alternatives. USPS has a negative net worth and mounting obligations for retiree health benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report discusses the recommendation made by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) regarding the creation of a board within the executive branch to oversee adherence to guidelines on, and the commitment to defend, civil liberties by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agency Enforcement of the Prohibition Against Sex Discrimination Mandated by Title IX and EO 13160

Agency Enforcement of the Prohibition Against Sex Discrimination Mandated by Title IX and EO 13160

Date: October 28, 2002
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a summary of the federal agencies’ enforcement of and compliance with the prohibition against sex discrimination mandated by Title IX and Executive Order 13160. Specifically, this report discusses the implementation of regulations and procedures for enforcing the Title IX compliance of grant recipients and for enforcing the compliance of the federal agencies themselves with President Clinton’s Executive Order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B.
Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Date: April 7, 1994
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R.
Description: This report reviews the FY 1995 budget request of the Department of the Interior with brief analyses of the budget requests of selected agencies within the department that principally are involved in natural resources programs or activities. This report also provides an overview of the mission of the Department of the Interior, its organization, and its major budget initiatives for FY 1995 .
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: Federal advisory committees—which may also be labeled as commissions, councils, or task forces—are established to assist the executive branch in deliberating and, in some cases, helping to solve complex or divisive issues. Congress, the President, or an agency head may establish a federal advisory committee to render independent advice or provide policy recommendations. This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees operations and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: December 19, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Negotiated Rulemaking

Negotiated Rulemaking

Date: August 28, 2006
Creator: unknown
Description: This report discusses negotiated rulemaking, a supplement to traditional rulemaking, which is a process in which representatives of federal agencies and affected parties work together in a committee to reach consensus on what can ultimately become a proposed rule. Although negotiated rulemaking is not appropriate for all regulations, advocates believe that the approach can speed rule development, reduce litigation, and generate more creative and effective regulatory solutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses various policy aspects of the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY2010, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2009 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Date: September 23, 2004
Creator: Waterhouse, Michael & Smith, Carolyn C.
Description: This fact sheet provides Internet links to the federal agencies or departments currently involved in the contracting process, along with their specific Iraq reconstruction programs underway or proposed. It provides overview information on federal agency contract solicitations, application procedures, and contact information where appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency: FY2006 Appropriations Highlights

Environmental Protection Agency: FY2006 Appropriations Highlights

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David & Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the funding of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As enacted in August 2005, Title II of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-54, H.R. 2361) provided $7.73 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), subject to an across-the-board rescission of 0.476%.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses and a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2009 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense, and summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department