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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: April 25, 2011
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Continued funding for NIST extramural programs directed toward increased private sector commercialization has been a major issue. Some Members of Congress have expressed skepticism over a "technology policy" based on providing federal funds to industry for development of pre-competitive generic technologies. This approach, coupled with pressures to balance the federal budget, led to significant reductions in funding for NIST. The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) and the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP), which accounted for over 50% of the FY1995 NIST budget, were proposed for elimination. In 2007, ATP was terminated and replaced by the Technology Innovation Program (TIP). As part of the American Competitiveness Initiative, announced by former President Bush in the 2006 State of the Union, the Administration stated its intention to double over 10 years funding for "innovation-enabling research" done at NIST through its "core" programs. In April 2009, the current President stated his decision to double the budget of key science agencies, including NIST, over the next 10 years. While additional funding has been forthcoming, it remains to be seen how support for internal R&D at NIST will evolve and how this might affect financing of extramural efforts such as TIP and MEP. The dispensation of funding for ...
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Financial Services and General Government: FY2012 Appropriations

Financial Services and General Government: FY2012 Appropriations

Date: November 8, 2011
Creator: Hatch, Garrett
Description: This report discusses government financial appropriations for the 2012 fiscal year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A
Description: The Legislative Reference Service, it was charged with responding to congressional requests for information. For more than 50 years, this department assisted Congress primarily by providing facts and publications and by transmitting research and analysis done largely by other government agencies, private organizations, and individual scholars. In 1970, Congress enacted a law transforming the Legislative Reference Service into the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and directing CRS to devote more of its efforts and increased resources to performing research and analysis that assists Congress in direct support of the legislative process.
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The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: April 27, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Peace Corps and discusses how the 112th Congress is considering the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps and efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps. Current issues for Congress include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
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Interagency Collaborative Arrangements and Activities: Types, Rationales, Considerations

Interagency Collaborative Arrangements and Activities: Types, Rationales, Considerations

Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M.
Description: This report examines formal interagency collaborative arrangements and activities, which are intended to enhance joint efforts and cooperation among independent federal agencies with shared responsibilities and overlapping jurisdictions.
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Executive Branch Reorganization Initiatives During the 112th Congress: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization Initiatives During the 112th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 26, 2011
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report describes the ways that executive branch reorganization can occur as a result of Administration and congressional actions, and describes recent initiatives in the context of that typology. The report concludes with some observations regarding federal reorganization efforts.
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Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Peace Corps and discusses how the 111th Congress is considering the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps and efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps. Current issues for Congress include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers Water Resource Projects: Authorization and Appropriations

Army Corps of Engineers Water Resource Projects: Authorization and Appropriations

Date: September 29, 2010
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers attracts congressional attention because its projects can have significant local and regional economic benefits and environmental effects, in addition to their water resource development purposes. This report provides an overview of the Corps civil works program. It covers the congressional authorization and appropriation process, the standard project development process, and other Corps activities and authorities. It also includes an Appendix on the evolution of Corps civil works missions and authorities and a description of the limits on the Corps' role in levee accreditation and improvements for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment

The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment

Date: January 20, 2011
Creator: Best, Jr., Richard A.
Description: The National Security Council (NSC) was established in 1947. This report describes the history of the NSC, how is structure and influence have varied over the years from one Administration to another, what its current structure and who its current members are, varying opinions as to what the role of the NSC should be, and future developments for the NSC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department