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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a continuing issue in the 109th Congress. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research to comprehensive emissions cap-and-trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting and registries, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. The bills vary in their approaches to climate change issues. This report briefly discusses the basic concepts on which these bills are based and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, technology deployment, GHG reporting and registries, and emissions reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a continuing issue in the 109th Congress. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research to comprehensive emissions cap-and-trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting and registries, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. The bills vary in their approaches to climate change issues. This report briefly discusses the basic concepts on which these bills are based and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, technology deployment, GHG reporting and registries, and emissions reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013

Date: September 6, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert; Bearden, David M.; Tiemann, Mary; Copeland, Claudia; McCarthy, James E. & Leggett, Jane A.
Description: Report that looks at appropriations for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) FY 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Services Markets in the 2008 Farm Bill

Environmental Services Markets in the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report gives an overview of issues involved in the provisions of the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-234, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act). It includes a brief overview describing environmental services markets, benefits and barriers, recent Congressional action related to the topics, and possible considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: July 7, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: Report that discusses the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as it applies to projects for which federal funding to recover from or prepare for a disaster has been requested by local, tribal, or state grant applicants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues

Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues

Date: February 11, 2009
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report describes several scientifically emerging animal biotechnologies that are raising a variety of questions concerning risks to humans, animals, and the environment, as well as ethical concerns. The report examines applications of the technologies and discusses major issues that may arise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Risk Analysis: A Review of Public Policy Issues

Environmental Risk Analysis: A Review of Public Policy Issues

Date: July 15, 1998
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report describes and analyzes key issues and legislative options related to risk analysis and risk management at EPA and considers the potential impact of proposed legislative approaches on EPA's rule-making process and final regulations. The report describes the history of EPA's use of risk analysis and then summarizes and analyzes issues and legislative proposals for increasing such use. Legislative activities in the 105th Congress are described. A list of selected references and an appendix where key terms are defined conclude the report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accident Prevention under the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): Risk Management Planning by Propane Users and Internet Access to Worst-Case Accident Scenarios

Accident Prevention under the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): Risk Management Planning by Propane Users and Internet Access to Worst-Case Accident Scenarios

Date: June 10, 1999
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report briefly describes two issues associated with EPA implementation of risk management planning requirements in the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): whether dealers and distributors of propane and other flammable fuels should be covered by the law, and whether electronic access to off-site consequence analyses (OCA), and especially worst-case analyses, should be restricted to avoid misuse by terrorists or criminals. These issues are addressed by S. 880, as reported, and H.R. 1301 in the 106th Congress. The statutory requrrements and EPA implementation to date also are described. Covered facilities must submit risk management plans by June 21, 1999. This product will be updated when events warrant. For information on the status of legislation, see CRS Issue Brief lB10004, Clean Air Act Issues in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): FY2016 Appropriations

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): FY2016 Appropriations

Date: September 29, 2015
Creator: Esworthy, Robert & Bearden, David M.
Description: This report presents a discussion of the FY2015 enacted appropriations and requested funding for FY2016 for selected EPA programs and activities highlighted in the congressional debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: May 15, 2001
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report provides background information concerning the gasoline additive methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), discusses air and water quality issues associated with it, and reviews options available to congressional and other policy-makers concerned about its continued use. It includes a discussion of legislation considered in the 106th Congress, which may serve as a starting point for legislation in the 107th.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses the impact of environmental regulation on agriculture. Most environmental regulations, in terms of permitting, inspection, and enforcement, are implemented by state and local governments, often based on federal EPA regulatory guidance. In some cases, agriculture is the direct or primary focus of the regulatory actions. In other cases, agriculture is one of many affected sectors. Traditionally, farm and ranch operations have been exempt or excluded from many environmental regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Environmental Regulation and Agriculture

Date: June 16, 2014
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report provides the background, status, and issues related to selected environmental regulations or initiatives possibly affecting agriculture that have drawn attention in and beyond Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Everglades Restoration: CERP and the Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP)

Everglades Restoration: CERP and the Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP)

Date: May 15, 2014
Creator: Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report provides definition for everglades, describes what is the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), and discusses the restoration of everglades project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: This report discusses the brownfields tax incentive, which expires on December 31, 2007. Enacted in 1997, the provision allowed a taxpayer to fully deduct the costs of environmental cleanup in the year the costs were incurred, rather than spreading the costs over a period of years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory activity during the Obama Administration to help address these issues. It examines major or controversial regulatory actions taken by or under development at EPA since January 2009, providing details on the regulatory action itself, presenting an estimated timeline for completion of the rule (including identification of related court or statutory deadlines), and, in general, providing EPA's estimates of costs and benefits, where available. The report includes tables that show which rules remain under development, and an appendix that describes major or controversial rules that are now final.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses elements of the greenhouse gas (GHG) controversy, providing background on stationary sources of GHG pollution and identifying options Congress has at its disposal to address GHG issues, including: (1) resolutions of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act; (2) freestanding legislation; (3) the use of appropriations bills as a vehicle to influence EPA activity; and (4) amendments to the Clean Air Act, including legislation to establish a new GHG control regime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Date: March 10, 2014
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report discusses climate change and surveys existing law for legal issues that have arisen, or may arise in the future, on account of climate change and government responses thereto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Delays Decision on 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard to 2015

EPA Delays Decision on 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard to 2015

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report discusses the 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) that sets the annual minimum use requirements for biofuels in the nation's transportation fuel supply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

Date: June 8, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses elements of the greenhouse gas (GHG) controversy, providing background on stationary sources of GHG pollution and identifying options Congress has at its disposal to address GHG issues, including: (1) resolutions of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act; (2) freestanding legislation; (3) the use of appropriations bills as a vehicle to influence EPA activity; and (4) amendments to the Clean Air Act, including legislation to establish a new GHG control regime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: MMS/BOEMRE and NEPA

The 2010 Oil Spill: MMS/BOEMRE and NEPA

Date: August 19, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report reviews the environmental procedures required following the explosion of an oil well on a tract leased by BP from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Date: August 20, 2014
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report surveys existing law for legal issues that have arisen, or may arise in the future, on account of climate change and government responses thereto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Date: January 3, 2013
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report surveys existing law for legal issues that have arisen, or may arise in the future, on account of climate change and government responses thereto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nondiscrimination in Environmental Regulation: A Legal Analysis

Nondiscrimination in Environmental Regulation: A Legal Analysis

Date: February 6, 2013
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report will examine the relevant legal authorities that may be asserted to address disproportionate impacts that result from how an agency implements environmental regulations, including the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and various environmental and conservation statutes. It will discuss administrative efforts to address "environmental justice," a term used by some advocates to refer to the distribution of environmental quality across various demographic groups, including the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Plan EJ 2014. It will also analyze the use of these authorities to prevent such impacts and the likelihood of success for future challenges under each legal theory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department