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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
EPA's Clean Power Plan Proposal: Are the Emission Rate Targets Front-Loaded?

EPA's Clean Power Plan Proposal: Are the Emission Rate Targets Front-Loaded?

Date: November 3, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On June 18, 2014, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed regulations (the "Clean Power Plan") addressing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from existing fossil fuel-fired electric generating units. This report briefly discusses this proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spill Legislation in the 112th Congress

Oil Spill Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report focuses primarily on oil spill policy matters that concern prevention, preparedness, response, liability and compensation, and Gulf restoration. For the most part, the underlying statutes for these provisions are found in either the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, the Clean Water Act (CWA) and its amendments, or the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) and its amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background and Governance

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background and Governance

Date: January 11, 2012
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report provides background information regarding oil spills in U.S. coastal waters and identifies the legal authorities governing oil spill prevention, response, and cleanup. Based on data between 1973 and 2009, the annual number and volume of oil spills have shown declines- in some cases, dramatic declines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report reviews the history and trends of oil spills in the United States; identifies the legal authorities governing oil spill prevention, response, and cleanup; and examines the threats of future oil spills in U.S. coastal waters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Date: April 30, 2010
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report focuses on oil spills in U.S. coastal waters. The first section highlights background issues, including oil spill statistics and potential environmental impacts. The second section discusses the legal framework that governs oil spill prevention and response. The third section examines the threat of future oil spills in coastal waters and whether response personnel are prepared to respond to a major spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Lessons Learned and Issues for Policy Makers

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Lessons Learned and Issues for Policy Makers

Date: November 14, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the RGGI cap-and-trade program and the participating RGGI states. The subsequent sections discuss selected issues raised by RGGI that may be of interest to policy makers. The final section provides some final observations that may be instructive to policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Lessons Learned and Issues for Policymakers

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Lessons Learned and Issues for Policymakers

Date: May 21, 2013
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by state and local governments to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The first section of this report provides an overview of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) cap-and-trade program and the participating RGGI states. The second section discusses selected issues raised by RGGI that may be of interest to policymakers who are considering developing a federal program. The final section provides some final thoughts concerning the RGGI program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State CO2 Emission Rate Goals in EPA's Proposed Rule for Existing Power Plants

State CO2 Emission Rate Goals in EPA's Proposed Rule for Existing Power Plants

Date: July 21, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses the methodology EPA used to establish state-specific CO2 emission rate goals that apply to states' overall electricity generation portfolio.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Recent Trends and Factors

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Recent Trends and Factors

Date: November 24, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: A question for policy makers is whether U.S. GHG emissions will remain at current levels, decrease to meet the President's 2020 and 2025 goals, or increase to former (or even higher) levels. Multiple factors, including socioeconomics, technology, and climate policies, may impact GHG emission levels. The first section of this report provides current levels and recent trends in U.S. GHG emissions. The second section takes a closer look at some of the key factors that influence emission levels. The third section discusses the challenges in making GHG emission projections by comparing observed emissions with pre-observed emission estimates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Ratner, Michael & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and EPA actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department