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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Open Ocean Aquaculture

Open Ocean Aquaculture

Date: February 12, 2008
Creator: Upton, Harold F. & Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report discusses four general areas related to open ocean aquaculture: (1) operational and business-related challenges; (2) potential economic impacts; (3) potential environmental impacts; and (4) the legal and regulatory environment. It summarizes recent executive and legislative branch actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Services Markets in the 2008 Farm Bill

Environmental Services Markets in the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report gives an overview of issues involved in the provisions of the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-234, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act). It includes a brief overview describing environmental services markets, benefits and barriers, recent Congressional action related to the topics, and possible considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Environmental Policy Act: Background and Implementation

The National Environmental Policy Act: Background and Implementation

Date: February 29, 2008
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) including its history, its provisions, and the evolution of its implementation; it also provides an overview of how agencies implement NEPA's requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air After the CAIR Decision: Back to Square One?

Clean Air After the CAIR Decision: Back to Square One?

Date: July 22, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Parker, Larry B. & Meltz, Robert
Description: This report discusses three Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) long-term options in regard to Clean Air: (1) starting anew with a new strategy with respect to mitigating transported air pollution based on the decision; (2) allowing the states to sort out the issue through Section 126 petitions; and (3) seeking new legislation providing EPA with the statutory authority to implement either CAIR in some form, or an alternative.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polar Bears: Proposed Listing Under the Endangered Species Act

Polar Bears: Proposed Listing Under the Endangered Species Act

Date: February 15, 2008
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report discusses the polar bear status and they are affected by climate change, contaminants, and subsistence and sport hunting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipelines for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Control: Network Needs and Cost Uncertainties

Pipelines for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Control: Network Needs and Cost Uncertainties

Date: January 10, 2008
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report examines key uncertainties in CO2 pipeline requirements for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) by contrasting hypothetical pipeline scenarios in one region of the United States. The report summarizes the key factors influencing CO2 pipeline configuration for major power plants in the region, and illustrates how the viability of different sequestration sites may lead to enormous differences in pipeline costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California's Waiver Request to Control Greenhouse Gases Under the Clean Air Act

California's Waiver Request to Control Greenhouse Gases Under the Clean Air Act

Date: March 4, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Meltz, Robert
Description: This report reviews the nature of Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) authority, as well as that of California and other states, to regulate emissions from mobile sources. It includes a discussion fo the applicability of that authority to greenhouse gases (GHGs) and issues related to the California waiver request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the several types of waste streams that cruise ships may discharge and emit. It identifies the complex body of international and domestic laws that address pollution from cruise ships. It then describes federal and state legislative activity concerning cruise ships in Alaskan waters and activities in a few other states, as well as current industry initiatives to manage cruise ship pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act: Legislation Concerning Discharges from Recreational Boats

Clean Water Act: Legislation Concerning Discharges from Recreational Boats

Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Environmental Protection Agency is attempting to develop a regulatory response to a 2006 federal court ruling that vacated a long-standing rule that exempts discharges associated with the normal operation of vessels from permit requirements of the Clean Water Act. Concern that this ruling could require millions of recreational boaters to obtain permits has led to the introduction of legislation to exempt these and other types of vessels from water quality regulation. This report discusses background to the issue; bills introduced in response, two of which were passed by Congress on July 22; and draft permits proposed by EPA on June 17.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act: Legislation Concerning Discharges from Recreational Boats

Clean Water Act: Legislation Concerning Discharges from Recreational Boats

Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Environmental Protection Agency is attempting to develop a regulatory response to a 2006 federal court ruling that vacated a long-standing rule that exempts discharges associated with the normal operation of vessels from permit requirements of the Clean Water Act. Concern that this ruling could require millions of recreational boaters to obtain permits has led to the introduction of legislation to exempt these and other types of vessels from water quality regulation. This report discusses background to the issue; bills introduced in response, two of which were passed by Congress on July 22; and draft permits proposed by EPA on June 17.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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