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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report evaluates design elements of previous Clean Energy Standards (CES) proposals, summarizes the Administration’s CES policy framework, provides state-level baseline CES compliance analysis, and presents several policy options that Congress might consider as part of a CES debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: April 27, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: June 17, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: October 3, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Date: October 1, 2004
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: The history of omnibus energy legislation in the 108th Congress has been protracted. The House passed the conference version of H.R. 6 on November 18, 2003. On November 21, a cloture motion to limit debate in the Senate on the H.R. 6 conference report failed (57-40). Efforts to bring the bill back to the Senate floor early in the second session were unsuccessful. Some argued that any major changes to the legislation would not be viable because of the careful regional and political compromises that were reached to get a bill out of conference and through the House. The closest consensus was that the cost of the bill had to be reduced.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Date: November 17, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: Over the past 25-years, the U.S. economy has experienced four large oil price shocks (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-91, and 1999-2000). Each has been a catalyst for discussions about a proper national energy policy. Many analysts have suggested that energy independence should be an integral part of such a policy. Both major party candidates for president in the 2000 election expressed similar views. However, U.S. suppliers of energy participate in the world energy market. So long as prices are determined in that market, energy independence will not free the United States from oil price shocks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Date: January 11, 2002
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: Over the past 25-years, the U.S. economy has experienced four large oil price shocks (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-91, and 1999-2000). Each has been a catalyst for discussions about a proper national energy policy. Many analysts have suggested that energy independence should be an integral part of such a policy. Both major party candidates for president in the 2000 election expressed similar views. However, U.S. suppliers of energy participate in the world energy market. So long as prices are determined in that market, energy independence will not free the United States from oil price shocks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: March 17, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: Concern about national energy policy remains high amidst high prices for oil products and natural gas during the winter of 2003 and oil inventory levels that have been observed to be at historic lows. On February 28, 2003, Representative Joe Barton, chairman of the House Energy and Air Quality Subcommittee, released a draft omnibus energy bill that includes a number of issues debated, but left unresolved, in the 107th Congress. The Senate has indicated its intention to introduce omnibus energy legislation as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: May 30, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 10, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247- 175). The bill was a composite of four measures – H.R. 39, reported from the House Committee on Resources, H.R. 238, marked up by the House Science Committee, H.R. 1531, reported from Ways and Means, and an unnumbered bill reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Unlike comprehensive energy legislation (H.R. 4) debated in the 107th Congress, H.R. 6 includes a section on electricity which has stirred some controversy. H.R. 6 would provide authorization for exploration and development of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: June 6, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 11, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247-175).Action on comprehensive energy legislation is in progress in the Senate. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee began markup of a comprehensive energy bill on April 7, 2003, agreeing by week’s end to provisions regarding hydrogen, hydroelectric relicensing, nuclear and renewable energy. On April 11, 2003, Chairman Domenici pulled a controversial section on climate change from the bill and indicated it would be addressed later.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 11, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247-175).Action on comprehensive energy legislation is in progress in the Senate. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee began markup of a comprehensive energy bill on April 7, 2003, agreeing by week’s end to provisions regarding hydrogen, hydroelectric relicensing, nuclear and renewable energy. On April 11, 2003, Chairman Domenici pulled a controversial section on climate change from the bill and indicated it would be addressed later.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: July 25, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On July 31, 2003, the Senate, facing obstacles to passage of its comprehensive energy bill (S. 14), substituted the energy legislation the Senate had passed and sent to conference in the 107th Congress. Principals are sorting out the implications of this unanticipated development; there are identical or similar provisions in both S. 14 and the substitute measure that the Senate passed as H.R. 6, but there are also significant differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: August 8, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On July 31, 2003, the Senate, facing obstacles to passage of its comprehensive energy bill (S. 14), substituted the energy legislation the Senate had passed and sent to conference in the 107th Congress. Principals are sorting out the implications of this unanticipated development; there are identical or similar provisions in both S. 14 and the substitute measure that the Senate passed as H.R. 6, but there are also significant differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: October 7, 2004
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: Policies and Proposals

Date: April 7, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methane Hydrates: Energy Prospect or Natural Hazard?

Methane Hydrates: Energy Prospect or Natural Hazard?

Date: February 14, 2000
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products. This report provides background information on farm-based energy production and how this fits into the national energy-use picture. It briefly reviews the primary agriculture-based renewable energy types and issues of concern associated with their production, particularly their economic and energy efficiencies and long-run supply. Finally, this report examines the major legislation related to farm-based energy production and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soft Versus Hard Energy Paths: An Analysis of the Debate

Soft Versus Hard Energy Paths: An Analysis of the Debate

Date: March 1, 1981
Creator: Marcus, Gail H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department