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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Program and Funding

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Program and Funding

Date: September 18, 2008
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes appropriations of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP) funds for FY2008 and FY2007. It also discusses current issues and legislation related to LIHEAP. The report also discusses LIHEAP rules, including household eligibility and how funds may be used, and presents the most recent data available from HHS regarding household characteristics and benefit levels. Finally, the last section discusses how each category of LIHEAP funds is distributed to states, as well as a breakdown of funds to the states during the last several fiscal years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Performance of the Major Oil Companies, 2007-2011

Financial Performance of the Major Oil Companies, 2007-2011

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: Periods of rising oil prices can result in reduced economic growth, rising prices, and reduced disposable incomes for consumers, as well as a deteriorating trade balance. For the oil industry, periods of high oil prices generally imply increasing cash flows and higher profits. Although the U.S. oil industry is composed of many firms, to many the face of the oil industry is represented by the five major firms operating extensively in the U.S. market. These firms are ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP plc, Royal Dutch Shell plc, and ConocoPhillips. During the period 2007 to 2011, the five major companies' upstream activities of exploration and production contributed more to the total profitability of the firms than the downstream activities of refining and marketing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline and Oil Prices

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Demand and the Changing Natural Gas Market

Industrial Demand and the Changing Natural Gas Market

Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report analyzes the behavior of the industrial component of natural gas demand, examining the conditions in the industries that consume natural gas that might lead to reduced demand. The nitrogen-based fertilizer industry is examined as an example of a major natural gas consuming industry that has been affected by high and/or fluctuating prices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. This report also seeks to describe the recent performance of the refining industry, to evaluate the structural changes that are occurring in the industry, and to analyze the nature and effects of the challenges confronting the industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Federal Gasoline Excise Taxes in Public Policy

The Role of Federal Gasoline Excise Taxes in Public Policy

Date: September 11, 2009
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines the effects of the federal excise tax on gasoline and analyzes the positive and negative effects of the tax. The report also evaluates the incentive structure that a higher gasoline tax would likely create, and examines a revised version of the tax, a variable gasoline tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Winter Fuels Outlook 2010-2011

Winter Fuels Outlook 2010-2011

Date: October 29, 2010
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses findings gleaned through the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) publication titled Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEWFO) for the 2010-2011 winter heating season. STEWFO projects how much American consumers should expect to see heating expenditures rise during the 2010-2011 winter season. These findings take into account the currently slow economic growth, high unemployment numbers, and uncertainty regarding the federal funding of the Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Winter Fuels Outlook 2013-2014

Winter Fuels Outlook 2013-2014

Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEWFO) is to provide estimates of expected average annual heating fuel expenditures in comparison to previous years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Fuel Taxes: Impacts of a Repeal or Moratorium

Transportation Fuel Taxes: Impacts of a Repeal or Moratorium

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert & Fischer, John W.
Description: The report includes an introduction regarding the increase in crude oil and refined product prices and discusses the proposals to offset effects of higher crude oil prices and the impact on markets and prices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Natural Gas in the U.S. Economy: Opportunities for Growth

Natural Gas in the U.S. Economy: Opportunities for Growth

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: Report that examines what has changed in the natural gas industry and focuses on the demand side and ancillary benefits to the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department