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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey & Kaplan, Stan Mark
Description: This report describes utility-scale wind power issues in the United States. The report is divided into the following sections: background on wind energy; wind resources and technology; industry composition and trends; wind power economics; and policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: June 19, 2012
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: May 13, 2008
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report analyzes how China, Japan, and South Korea's pursuits to bolster their energy security impacts U.S. interests. It also examines decisions being made by Asian states now that will significantly shape global affairs in the future, how these decisions might play out, and how Congress and the executive branch might play a role in those decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses nuclear energy issues currently facing Congress, such as federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, nuclear weapons proliferation, and security against terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses the nuclear energy policy issues facing Congress that include the implementation of federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, nuclear weapons proliferation, and security against terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Date: June 9, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report analyzes the development of energy derivatives regulation and proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report analyzes the development of energy derivatives regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Lane, Nic
Description: This report provides an overview of developments and considerations regarding wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technology. It summarizes federal involvement in the regulation of this new industry and highlights current issues in the field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

Date: June 13, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony; Bracmort, Kelsi; Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) entered into by the secretaries of Energy, Agriculture, and the Navy in order to “assist the development and support of a sustainable commercial biofuels industry.” The report specifically discusses how and why this understanding should be funded and why it is important for the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

Date: June 22, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony; Bracmort, Kelsi; Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to “assist the development and support of a sustainable commercial biofuels industry" which was entered into by the Secretaries of Energy, Agriculture, and the Navy. It raises issues and concerns for Congress to consider when deciding how to fund MOU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: August 11, 2011
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels in the 2007 Energy and Farm Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Biofuels in the 2007 Energy and Farm Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.; Schnepf, Randy & Capehart, Tom
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of biofuels-related provisions in Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140) with prior law, and with comparable provisions in the House and Senate farm bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels Provisions in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), H.R. 3221, and H.R. 6: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Biofuels Provisions in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), H.R. 3221, and H.R. 6: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and the key biofuels-related provisions of the final legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Date: March 24, 2008
Creator: Lane, Nic
Description: This report discusses policy guidance on energy sources that generates electricity from ocean waves, tides, and river currents. The report provides background information and legislation regarding these energy sources and technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Policy Implications of Expanding Global Access to Nuclear Power

Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Policy Implications of Expanding Global Access to Nuclear Power

Date: March 7, 2008
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth; Parillo, Jill Marie; Squassoni, Sharon; Andrews, Anthony & Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses the current debate over proposed strategies to redesign the global nuclear fuel cycle. It begins with a look at the motivating factors underlying the resurgent interest in nuclear power, the nuclear power industry's current state of affairs, and the interdependence with the nuclear fuel cycle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooling Water Intake Structures: Summary of EPA's Proposed Rule

Cooling Water Intake Structures: Summary of EPA's Proposed Rule

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report looks at the environmental impact of using water to absorb the heat from thermoelectric generating plants and manufacturing facilities during their industrial processes. The issue for Congress has been whether a stringent and costly environmental mandate could jeopardize reliability of electricity supply in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba's Offshore Oil Development: Background and U.S. Policy Considerations

Cuba's Offshore Oil Development: Background and U.S. Policy Considerations

Date: July 21, 2011
Creator: Nerurkar, Neelesh & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report looks at the background of Cuba's oil industry, and also three legislative initiatives introduced by the 112th Congress which take different approaches toward Cuba's offshore oil development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses basic methodology of life-cycle assessments and compares several publicly-available assessments of life-cycle emissions data for Canadian oil sands crudes against each other and against those of other global reference crudes. It also includes a survey of the scientific literature and the findings of the State Department's Keystone XL Project Envoronmental Impact Statement, and concludes with a discussion of tools for policymakers who are interested in using the assessments to investigate the potential impacts of U.S. energy policy choices onthe environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Description: This report looks at the history, purpose, and current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Description: This report looks at the history, purpose, and current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: July 11, 2011
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report covers ways in which the 112th Congress can introduce relevant legislation to safeguard pipelines that transport natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids across the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage; the networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meeting the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Mandate for Cellulosic Biofuels: Questions and Answers

Meeting the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Mandate for Cellulosic Biofuels: Questions and Answers

Date: July 13, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the background of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and answers some common questions about it. The RFS was expanded under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 in an effort to reduce dependence on foreign oil, promote biofuel use, and stabilize transportation fuel prices, among other goals. Over a 15-year period, the RFS seeks to establish a market for biofuels in the transportation sector by requiring that increasing amounts of biofuels be blended into transportation fuel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the United States' relationship with India as it regards nuclear nonproliferation and cooperation. It particularly looks at agreements made between the Bush administration and India, and the Obama administration's continuation of these policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department