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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the status of algae-based biofuels (ABB) research and development, federal funding, and legislative concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, and Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline and Oil Prices

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOD Alternative Fuels: Policy, Initiatives and Legislative Activity

DOD Alternative Fuels: Policy, Initiatives and Legislative Activity

Date: February 11, 2013
Creator: Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report provides background information and identifies issues for Congress regarding Department of Defense (DOD) alternative fuel initiatives, a subject of debate at congressional hearings on DOD's proposed FY2013 budget. The services (the Army, Navy, and Air Force) have spent approximately $48 million to purchase alternative fuels, and the Navy has proposed a $170 million investment in biofuel production capacity. The services have also spent funds on testing, certification and demonstrations of alternative fuels. By comparison, DOD purchases of petroleum fuels totaled approximately $17.3 billion in FY2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation

Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation

Date: January 6, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the use of biomass, its legislative history, and the proposed redefinition of biomass in legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels Provisions in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), H.R. 3221, and H.R. 6: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Biofuels Provisions in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), H.R. 3221, and H.R. 6: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and the key biofuels-related provisions of the final legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Schnepf, Randy; Stubbs, Megan & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: Report that provides background on the current effort to develop industrial-scale, competitive technology to produce biofuels from cellulosic feedstocks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy Reform and Revitalization Act of 2007, Title VII of H.R. 3221: Summary and Discussion of Oil and Gas Provisions

Energy Policy Reform and Revitalization Act of 2007, Title VII of H.R. 3221: Summary and Discussion of Oil and Gas Provisions

Date: February 29, 2008
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses the energy development reform and energy production from public lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The economic rationale for interventions in energy markets helps inform the debate surrounding energy tax policy. This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions, highlighting various market failures. After identifying possible market failures in the production and consumption of energy, possible interventions are discussed. The report concludes with an analysis of energy tax policy as it stands at the start of the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The economic rationale for interventions in energy markets helps inform the debate surrounding energy tax policy. This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions, highlighting various market failures. After identifying possible market failures in the production and consumption of energy, possible interventions are discussed. The report concludes with an analysis of energy tax policy as it stands at the start of the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Cunningham, Lynn J. & Gurevitz, Mark
Description: This report reviews the status of energy efficiency and renewable energy legislation introduced during the 110th Congress. Most action in the second session is focused on the FY2009 budget request and legislation that would extend or modify selected renewable energy and energy efficiency tax incentives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Implementation of the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative: Implications for Federal Information Technology Reform Management

Department of Defense Implementation of the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative: Implications for Federal Information Technology Reform Management

Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Andrews, Anthony & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report discusses how the Department of Defense (DOD) is consolidating data centers in order to conserve energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation Through the 112th Congress

Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation Through the 112th Congress

Date: November 14, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: Report discussing the use of biomass, its legislative history, and the proposed redefinition of biomass in legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report evaluates design elements of previous Clean Energy Standards (CES) proposals, summarizes the Administration’s CES policy framework, provides state-level baseline CES compliance analysis, and presents several policy options that Congress might consider as part of a CES debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Market for Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

The Market for Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the current market for biomass-based diesel (BBD) fuels and their corresponding RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) under the RFS. It examines the role that the RIN market may play as an economic incentive for the production of biodiesel and other BBD fuels in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report analyzes the development of regulation for energy derivatives (financial contracts whose value is linked to changes in the price of some energy product). Regulation may be needed [1] to help prevent abusive trading and price manipulation, and [2] to help prevent the failure of a large derivatives dealer which could trigger disruptions of supplies and prices in oil and gas markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Issues Related to an Expansion of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Selected Issues Related to an Expansion of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Capehart, Tom
Description: This report outlines some of the current supply issues facing biofuels industries, including implications for agricultural feedstocks, infrastructure concerns, energy supply for biofuels production, and fuel price uncertainties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report discusses policy options for Congress regarding gas prices. The high price of gasoline was an important consideration during the debate on major energy legislation, which ended August 8 as the President signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005, H.R. 6 (P.L. 109-58). However, prices continued to surge, spiking at the end of August when Hurricane Katrina shut down refining operations in the Gulf of Mexico. The continuing crisis renewed attention to some issues that were dropped or compromised in the debate over P.L. 109-58. A large number of factors combined to put pressure on gasoline prices, including increased world demand for crude oil and U.S. refinery capacity inadequate to supply gasoline to a recovering national economy. The war and continued violence in Iraq added uncertainty and a threat of supply disruption that added pressure particularly to the commodity futures markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Date: April 21, 2006
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report discusses policy options for Congress regarding gas prices. The high price of gasoline was an important consideration during the debate on major energy legislation, which ended August 8 as the President signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005, H.R. 6 (P.L. 109-58). However, prices continued to surge, spiking at the end of August when Hurricane Katrina shut down refining operations in the Gulf of Mexico. The continuing crisis renewed attention to some issues that were dropped or compromised in the debate over P.L. 109-58. A large number of factors combined to put pressure on gasoline prices, including increased world demand for crude oil and U.S. refinery capacity inadequate to supply gasoline to a recovering national economy. The war and continued violence in Iraq added uncertainty and a threat of supply disruption that added pressure particularly to the commodity futures markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom
Description: This report discusses Cellulosic biofuels, which are produced from cellulose derived from renewable biomass. They are thought by many to hold the key to increased benefits from renewable biofuels because they are made from low-cost, diverse, non-food feedstocks, and could also potentially decrease the fossil energy required to produce ethanol, resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Date: October 5, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Glover, Carol
Description: This report provides background information and analysis regarding oil related issues and issues beyond the Energy Policy Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report discusses various budget issues regarding the Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency Program, which is conducted by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department