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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: March 27, 2000
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an introduction to the research, development, and commercialization of alternative vehicle technologies, specifically electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles. It provides a description of the technology, and discusses issues such as cost, maintenance and fueling infrastructure, and performance for each type of vehicle. The report also discusses current congressional action on issues affecting these vehicles, as well as actions by the Administration and state and local governments. It will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses three major vehicle technologies — electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles — as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance. The report also discusses key legislation in the 108th Congress, as well as federal, state, and local activity relevant to these technologies. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Biofuels: Overview and Emerging Issues

Agriculture-Based Biofuels: Overview and Emerging Issues

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report reviews the evolution of the U.S. biofuels sector and the role that federal policy has played in shaping its development. In addition, it highlights emerging issues that are critical to the biofuels sector and of relevance to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products. This report provides background information on farm-based energy production and how this fits into the national energy-use picture. It briefly reviews the primary agriculture-based renewable energy types and issues of concern associated with their production, particularly their economic and energy efficiencies and long-run supply. Finally, this report examines the major legislation related to farm-based energy production and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products. This report provides background information on farm-based energy production and how this fits into the national energy-use picture. It briefly reviews the primary agriculture-based renewable energy types and issues of concern associated with their production, particularly their economic and energy efficiencies and long-run supply. Finally, this report examines the major legislation related to farm-based energy production and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Production

Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative initiatives include energy security concerns, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and raising domestic demand for U.S.-produced farm products. This report provides background information on farm-based energy production and how this fits into the national energy-use picture. It briefly reviews the primary agriculture-based renewable energy types and issues of concern associated with their production, particularly their economic and energy efficiencies and long-run supply. Finally, this report examines the major legislation related to farm-based energy production and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses recent indications from the Obama administration that the United States may provide Israel with additional military aid during the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: June 29, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to military air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is numerous and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. The Air Force’s proposal to lease 100 Boeing 767 aircraft to replace it’s KC-135E fleet is controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Aerial Refueling

Air Force Aerial Refueling

Date: September 19, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: Aerial refueling aircraft are key to air operations. The U.S. tanker fleet is large and effective, but old. Modernizing or replacing the current fleet of tankers presents the Department of Defense (DOD) with difficult choices in terms of desired capabilities, force structure, and budget. How this fleet will be maintained or replaced, and on what schedule, has proven controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Date: March 29, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses air quality initiatives (such as the Ozone Transport Rule) that primarily focus on reducing and enforcing emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities in the Midwest and South.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Date: October 25, 2002
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses air quality initiatives (such as the Ozone Transport Rule) that primarily focus on reducing and enforcing emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities in the Midwest and South. The report also addresses various legislative activity that focuses on multi-pollutant strategies as an alternative to these piecemeal initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Date: March 19, 2002
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses air quality initiatives (such as the Ozone Transport Rule) that primarily focus on reducing and enforcing emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities in the Midwest and South. The report also addresses various legislative activity that focuses on multi-pollutant strategies as an alternative to these piecemeal initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline: Status and Current Policy Issues

The Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline: Status and Current Policy Issues

Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Hederman, William F.
Description: This report provides a brief review of efforts to develop and construct a natural gas pipeline from Prudhoe Bay, a status report on recent efforts to proceed, and an analysis of major relevant policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alaska Natural Gas Pipelines: Interaction of the Natural Gas and Steel Markets

Alaska Natural Gas Pipelines: Interaction of the Natural Gas and Steel Markets

Date: November 2, 2006
Creator: Cooney, Stephen & Pirog, Robert
Description: In 1976, Congress approved legislation to establish the regulatory framework for building a pipeline to bring natural gas from the Alaska North Slope to the lower 48 states. This report focuses on two major issues or uncertainties that may serve as economic constraints on a capital investment undertaking of this major scale.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentive

Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentive

Date: June 23, 1999
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report discusses federal tax subsidies for alcohol transportation fuels, as well as legislative actions underway to repeal, extend, or reduce them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives and the EPA Renewable Oxygenate Requirement

Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives and the EPA Renewable Oxygenate Requirement

Date: October 7, 1994
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report examines the current alcohol fuels Federal tax incentives. Part I describes the statutory provisions of each of the five incentives. Part II examines the major public policy and economic issues of concern to policymakers: potential revenue effects, effectiveness, and economic efficiency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the status of algae-based biofuels (ABB) research and development, federal funding, and legislative concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K. & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the large, uncontrollable natural gas leak in the Aliso Canyon Underground Storage Facility near the Porter Ranch community in Los Angeles County, California, which occurred between October 23, 2015, and February 11, 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Technology Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Technology Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Cunningham, Lynn J.; Roberts, Beth A.; Canis, Bill & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report gives an overview of the federal incentives support the development and deployment of alternatives to conventional fuels and engines in transportation including tax deductions and credits for vehicle purchases and the installation of refueling systems; federal grants for conversion of older vehicles to newer technologies; mandates for the use of biofuels; and incentives for manufacturers to produce alternative fuel vehicles. It also addresses how these incentives relate to goals of reducing petroleum consumption and import dependence, improving environmental quality, expanding domestic manufacturing, and promoting agriculture and rural development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: December 23, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: High levels of oil imports and high crude oil and gasoline prices in recent years have led to increased interest in the U.S. fuel supply. Recent congressional interest has focused on alternatives to petroleum, ways to improve the efficiency of the U.S. transportation sector, and ways to improve the stability and security of the petroleum supply and refining sectors. Key components of federal policies to reduce petroleum consumption include the promotion of alternatives to petroleum fuels and the promotion of more efficient vehicles. This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles - issues discussed in further detail in other CRS reports referred to in each section.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department