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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power Plants: Vulnerability to Terrorist Attack

Nuclear Power Plants: Vulnerability to Terrorist Attack

Date: July 28, 2003
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: July 25, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On July 31, 2003, the Senate, facing obstacles to passage of its comprehensive energy bill (S. 14), substituted the energy legislation the Senate had passed and sent to conference in the 107th Congress. Principals are sorting out the implications of this unanticipated development; there are identical or similar provisions in both S. 14 and the substitute measure that the Senate passed as H.R. 6, but there are also significant differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Date: July 25, 2003
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: In the 108th Congress, debate over energy efficiency programs has focused on budget, oil, natural gas, and electricity issues, and provisions in the omnibus energy policy bill, S. 2095, H.R. 6, and S. 14/S. 1149. The Bush Administration’s FY2005 budget request for the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Energy Efficiency Program sought $875.9 million, including $543.9 for R&D and $332.0 million for grants. In the first session, the omnibus energy bill (H.R. 6) had several significant tax and regulatory measures for energy efficiency. It did not pass the Senate due to concerns about cost and an MTBE “safe harbor” provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Useful Facts and Numbers

Energy: Useful Facts and Numbers

Date: July 23, 2003
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E
Description: Energy supplies and prices are a major economic factor in the United States, and energy markets are volatile and unpredictable. For both these reasons, energy policy is of frequent interest to the Congress. This report presents a statistical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy. After an introductory overview of aggregate energy consumption, the report presents detailed analysis of trends and statistics regarding specific energy sources: oil, electricity, natural gas, and coal. A section on trends in energy efficiency is also presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: July 23, 2003
Creator: Holt, Mark & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Date: July 21, 2003
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Humphries, Marc
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This Report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Energy and Water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower License Conditions and the Relicensing Process

Hydropower License Conditions and the Relicensing Process

Date: July 18, 2003
Creator: Powers, Kyna
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Date: July 8, 2003
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Date: July 7, 2003
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: In the 108th Congress, debate over energy efficiency programs has focused on budget, oil, natural gas, and electricity issues, and provisions in the omnibus energy policy bill, S. 2095, H.R. 6, and S. 14/S. 1149. The Bush Administration’s FY2005 budget request for the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Energy Efficiency Program sought $875.9 million, including $543.9 for R&D and $332.0 million for grants. In the first session, the omnibus energy bill (H.R. 6) had several significant tax and regulatory measures for energy efficiency. It did not pass the Senate due to concerns about cost and an MTBE “safe harbor” provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Date: June 27, 2003
Creator: Abel, Amy & Parker, Larry
Description: The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) and the Federal Power Act (FPA) were enacted to eliminate unfair practices and other abuses by electricity and gas holding companies by requiring federal control and regulation of interstate public utility holding companies. Comprehensive energy legislation has passed the House and Senate. The House passed H.R. 6 on April 11, 2003. On July 31, 2003, the Senate suspended debate on S. 14, inserted the text of H.R. 4 (107th Congress) as a substitute, and passed H.R. 6. A conference agreement was reached November 17, 2003, and passed by the House the next day. H.R. 6 includes an electricity title that would, in part, repeal PUHCA, would prospectively repeal the mandatory purchase requirement under PURPA, and would create an electric reliability organization. On June 15, 2004, H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy policy bill, passed the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Date: June 27, 2003
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Useful Facts and Numbers

Energy: Useful Facts and Numbers

Date: June 23, 2003
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E
Description: Energy supplies and prices are a major economic factor in the United States, and energy markets are volatile and unpredictable. For both these reasons, energy policy is of frequent interest to the Congress. This report presents a statistical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy. After an introductory overview of aggregate energy consumption, the report presents detailed analysis of trends and statistics regarding specific energy sources: oil, electricity, natural gas, and coal. A section on trends in energy efficiency is also presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: One of the least controversial provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163) established corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for new passenger cars. This report presents a brief background and analysis regarding the price of crude oil that brought into sharp focus the fuel inefficiency of U.S. automobiles. The report also discusses the previous issues and the most recent developments regarding CAFE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Incentives: A Comparison of the Senate Finance Committee Bill (S.1149) and the House Bill (H.R.6)

Energy Tax Incentives: A Comparison of the Senate Finance Committee Bill (S.1149) and the House Bill (H.R.6)

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: The 108th Congress is considering two major bills to provide tax incentives to increase the supply of, and reduce the demand for, fossil fuels and electricity: S.1149, the Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2003, approved by the Senate Finance Committee (SFC) on April 2, 2003 (superseding S. 597), and H.R. 6, introduced as H.R. 1531 and approved by the House on April 11, 2003, by a vote of 247-175.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 11, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247-175).Action on comprehensive energy legislation is in progress in the Senate. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee began markup of a comprehensive energy bill on April 7, 2003, agreeing by week’s end to provisions regarding hydrogen, hydroelectric relicensing, nuclear and renewable energy. On April 11, 2003, Chairman Domenici pulled a controversial section on climate change from the bill and indicated it would be addressed later.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower License Conditions and the Relicensing Process

Hydropower License Conditions and the Relicensing Process

Date: June 9, 2003
Creator: Powers, Kyna
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate

Date: June 6, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: On April 11, 2003, the House passed comprehensive energy legislation, H.R. 6 (247-175).Action on comprehensive energy legislation is in progress in the Senate. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee began markup of a comprehensive energy bill on April 7, 2003, agreeing by week’s end to provisions regarding hydrogen, hydroelectric relicensing, nuclear and renewable energy. On April 11, 2003, Chairman Domenici pulled a controversial section on climate change from the bill and indicated it would be addressed later.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fuel Ethanol: Background and Public Policy Issues

Fuel Ethanol: Background and Public Policy Issues

Date: June 6, 2003
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D & Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Date: June 6, 2003
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department