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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Bank Group Energy Sector Strategy

The World Bank Group Energy Sector Strategy

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of the proposed Energy Sector Strategy of the World Bank Group (WBG). It situates the strategy within current WBG lending practices and in response to various stakeholder critiques. A final section outlines issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues

Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues

Date: April 9, 2013
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.; Pirog, Robert; Luther, Linda & Vann, Adam
Description: This report describes the Keystone XL Project and the process that the State Department is obligated to complete in processing that permit application. It also reviews selected issues that arose during the 2008 permit application process, particularly those that may affect the current permit application. This report also summarizes key arguments that have been raised by the pipeline's developers, state and federal agencies, environmental groups, and other stakeholders. Finally, the report discusses the constitutional basis for the State Department's authority to issue a Presidential Permit, and opponents' possible challenges to this authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

Date: April 8, 2013
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Parfomak, Paul W.; Fergusson, Ian F. & Luther, Linda
Description: This report examines what has changed in the U.S. natural gas market and the prospects and implications of the United States becoming a significant net natural gas exporter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles - issues discussed in further detail in other CRS reports referred to in each section.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Algae's Potential as a Transportation Biofuel

Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the status of algae-based biofuels (ABB) research and development, federal funding, and legislative concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Date: March 21, 2013
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: This report explains the nature of U.S. authority over offshore areas pursuant to international and domestic law. It also describes the laws, at both the state and federal levels, governing the development of offshore oil and gas and the litigation that has flowed from development under these legal regimes. Also included is an outline of recent changes to the authorities regulating offshore development, as well as a discussion of recent executive action and legislative proposals concerning offshore oil and natural gas exploration and production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Date: March 15, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the basic methodology of life-cycle assessments and compares several of the publicly available studies of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data for Canadian oil sands crudes against each other and against those of other global reference crudes. As congressional concern over the environmental impacts of Canadian oil sands production may encompass both a broad understanding of the resource as well as a specific assessment of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline, the report surveys both the general scientific literature as well as the individual findings in the State Department's 2011 Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and 2013 Draft Supplementary EIS for the Keystone XL Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Overview and Issues

Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Overview and Issues

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report focuses specifically on the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). It describes the general nature of the biofuels RFS and its implementation, and outlines some of the emerging issues related to the sustainability of the continued growth in U.S. biofuels production needed to fulfill the expanding RFS mandate, as well as the emergence of potential unintended consequences of this rapid expansion. This report does not address the broader public policy issue of how best to support U.S. energy policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and World Coal Production, Federal Taxes, and Incentives

U.S. and World Coal Production, Federal Taxes, and Incentives

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Humphries, Marc & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report serves as a primer on U.S. and world coal resources and production and highlights some of the congressional interest related to coal production on U.S. federal lands. The report primarily describes the past 10 years of coal activity but also includes a discussion of future coal production projections and federal coal incentives, many of which do not expire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department