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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): In Brief

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): In Brief

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report provides a basic description of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates that U.S. transportation fuel must contain a minimum volume of biofuel, and is a federal statutory requirement. The mandated minimum volume increases annually and can be met using both conventional biofuel (e.g., cornstarch ethanol) and advanced biofuels. This report also includes some of the widely-discussed issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2016 Appropriations for Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Stewardship

Energy and Water Development: FY2016 Appropriations for Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Stewardship

Date: June 5, 2015
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan E.
Description: This report discusses the annual Energy and Water Development appropriations and the Stockpile Stewardship Program, which maintains the U.S. nuclear gravity bombs and missile warheads and has science and infrastructure programs that support that mission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: June 1, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Waiver Authority and Modification of Volumes

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Waiver Authority and Modification of Volumes

Date: May 21, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the process and criteria for the Environmental Protection Agency to waive various portions of the renewable fuel standard (RFS), and the modification of applicable volumes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: FY2016 Appropriations

DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: May 13, 2015
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report discusses the Department of Energy's (DOE) FY2016 budget request seeks $2.723 billion, an increase of $809 million (42%) for Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The EERE conducts two types of programs: research and development (R&D), usually conducted in partnership with private sector firms, and grant funds that are distributed to state governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: May 12, 2015
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board and the Security Council.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tesla's Home Battery--An Electricity Storage Breakthrough?

Tesla's Home Battery--An Electricity Storage Breakthrough?

Date: May 4, 2015
Creator: Campbell, Richard J. & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: Cost-effective electricity storage has long been a kind of "Holy Grail" for the electric power sector. This report briefly discusses potential innovations in electricity storage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Ratner, Michael & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions

Date: April 7, 2015
Creator: Ratner, Michael & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Non-Federal Areas

U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Non-Federal Areas

Date: April 3, 2015
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report examines U.S. oil and natural gas production data for federal and non-federal areas with an emphasis on the past five fiscal years of production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments

Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments

Date: April 1, 2015
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.; Luther, Linda; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Vann, Adam; Pirog, Robert et al.
Description: This report describes the Keystone XL Pipeline Project and the process that the State Department must complete to decide whether it will approve or deny TransCanada's permit application. The report also discusses key energy security, economic, and environmental issues relevant to this determination. Finally, the report discusses the constitutional basis for the State Department's authority to issue a Presidential Permit, and opponents' possible challenges to this authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report discusses the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA), which provides one-time benefit payments to persons who may have developed cancer or other specified diseases after being exposed to radiation from atomic weapons testing or uranium mining, milling, or transporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Quadrennial Energy Review

The Quadrennial Energy Review

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Description: This is the first Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) report with focus on U.S. energy infrastructure, specifically transmission, storage, and distribution (TS&D), looking out to 2030.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Incentives: Measuring Value Across Different Types of Energy Resources

Energy Tax Incentives: Measuring Value Across Different Types of Energy Resources

Date: March 19, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report presents a comparison of the cost of tax incentives associated with fossil and renewable energy resources, relative to amount of energy produced using each type of resource. The report also reviews other analyses that compare the cost of energy tax incentives relative to production, across different types of energy technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Date: February 19, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses some factors taken into account when considering whether biopower is carbon neutral. It does not discuss carbon accounting for other bioenergy pathways.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues

Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the rationale for the Prompt Global Strike (PGS) mission and the possible deployment of conventional warheads on long-range ballistic missiles or boost-glide systems in support of this mission. It also reviews the Air Force and Navy efforts to develop these systems, summarizes Congressional reaction to these proposals, and provides a more detailed account of the issues raised by these concepts and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background and discusses four options to address greenhouse gas (GHG) sources: (1) resolutions of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act; (2) freestanding legislation directing, delaying, or prohibiting EPA action; (3) the use of appropriations bills as a vehicle to influence EPA activity; and (4) amendments to the Clean Air Act, including legislation to establish a new GHG control regime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
LIHEAP: Program and Funding

LIHEAP: Program and Funding

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses two types of formulas used to allocate funding to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) through regular and contingency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Parfomak, Paul W.; Luther, Linda & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report examines what has changed in the U.S. natural gas market and the prospects and implications of the United States becoming a larger net exporter of natural gas. Bills to expedite and expand liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports have been introduced in the 114th Congress, including the LNG Permitting Certainty and Transparency Act (H.R. 351 and S. 33), the American Job Creation and Strategic Alliances LNG Act (H.R. 287), the Crude Oil Export Act (H.R. 156), the Domestic Prosperity and Global Freedom Act (H.R. 89), and the Export American Natural Gas Act of 2015 (H.R. 428).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Support

U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Support

Date: January 27, 2015
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report looks at the solar photovoltaic manufacturing industry and its supply chain; employment trends; international trade flows; and federal policy efforts aimed at supporting the industry. It does not cover other methods of solar-power generation, such as concentrating solar power plants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Roll Call Votes on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Congressional Roll Call Votes on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Cunningham, Lynn J. & Cook, Beth
Description: This report provides roll call vote data related to the proposed TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline that would transport oil sands crude from Canada and shale oil produced in North Dakota and Montana to a market hub in Nebraska for further delivery to Gulf Coast refineries. Voting information is listed chronologically and broken down by chamber, Congress, and type of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 114th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 114th Congress

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions, highlighting various market failures. After identifying possible market failures in the production and consumption of energy, possible interventions are discussed. The report concludes with an analysis of the current status of energy tax policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation

Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation

Date: January 6, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the use of biomass, its legislative history, and the proposed redefinition of biomass in legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments

Keystone XL Pipeline: Overview and Recent Developments

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.; Luther, Linda; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Vann, Adam; Pirog, Robert et al.
Description: This report describes the Keystone XL Pipeline Project and the process that the State Department must complete to decide whether it will approve or deny TransCanada's permit application. The report also discusses key energy security, economic, and environmental issues relevant to the State Department's national interest determination. Some of these issues include perspectives among various stakeholders both in favor of and opposed to the construction of the pipeline. Finally, the report discusses the constitutional basis for the State Department's authority to issue a Presidential Permit, and opponents' possible challenges to this authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department