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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Date: August 17, 2015
Creator: Cook, Nicolas; Campbell, Richard J.; Brown, Phillip & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the Power Africa initiative; policy problems and challenges related to power sector development in Africa; long-term perspectives on energy poverty, need, and future development; and raises some possible oversight questions and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biopower: Background and Federal Support

Biopower: Background and Federal Support

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: The report begins with general summaries about bioenergy and biopower, including potential benefits and challenges, feedstocks, and biopower technologies. It also describes federal support available for biopower and relevant legislative concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report focuses on the Presidential Permit review processes for cross-border energy infrastructure as implemented by the Department of State, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and The Department of Energy (DOE). These permits have been required for the construction, connection, operation, and maintenance of certain facilities that cross the United States borders with Canada and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: August 5, 2015
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Oil and Gas Sector: Background, Reform Efforts, and Implications for the United States

Mexico's Oil and Gas Sector: Background, Reform Efforts, and Implications for the United States

Date: July 30, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Ratner, Michael; Villarreal, M. A. & Brown, Phillip
Description: This report provides an overview of Pemex and the content and prospects for Mexico's energy reforms, before discussing specific issues facing Mexico's oil and gas industry. It then examines the U.S.-Mexico energy relationship through the lenses of trade and energy cooperation. It concludes by suggesting several oversight issues for Congress related to what the enactment of energy reform might portend for Mexico's economic development, the U.S. energy matrix, and bilateral or North American energy cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2016 Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations: In Brief

FY2016 Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations: In Brief

Date: July 20, 2015
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the Agriculture appropriations bill, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service, as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and, in even-numbered fiscal years, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Hydropower: Federal and Nonfederal Investment

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Vann, Adam & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report explains how the federal government is involved directly in hydropower generation at federal facilities and in the regulation of nonfederal hydropower generation; the focus is on current roles and processes and common concerns and questions about changing those roles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): In Brief

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): In Brief

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report provides a basic description of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates that U.S. transportation fuel must contain a minimum volume of biofuel, and is a federal statutory requirement. The mandated minimum volume increases annually and can be met using both conventional biofuel (e.g., cornstarch ethanol) and advanced biofuels. This report also includes some of the widely-discussed issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2016 Appropriations for Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Stewardship

Energy and Water Development: FY2016 Appropriations for Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Stewardship

Date: June 5, 2015
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan E.
Description: This report discusses the annual Energy and Water Development appropriations and the Stockpile Stewardship Program, which maintains the U.S. nuclear gravity bombs and missile warheads and has science and infrastructure programs that support that mission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: June 1, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department