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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report looks at the history, purpose, and current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report provides an overview of current and proposed laws at the state and federal levels that require the disclosure of the chemicals added to the fluid used in hydraulic fracturing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Oil Imports and Exports

U.S. Oil Imports and Exports

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Nerurkar, Neelesh
Description: Oil import and export developments pose a host of policy issues. Concerns about import dependence continue to generate interest in policy options to directly discourage imports or to reduce the need for imports by increasing domestic supply and decreasing demand. Rising exports at a time of rising prices has led to calls for policies to restrict such trade. The debate around the Keystone XL pipeline involves concerns about imports, exports, and the environment. The rising cost for fuels has led to calls for release of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, meant to provide a short term policy option in case of supply disruptions. Policy options may entail various economic, fiscal, and environmental trade-offs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress, including sovereignty claims; commercial shipping through the Arctic; oil, gas, and mineral exploration; endangered species; and increased military operations in the region. It includes background information on the region and on a variety of issues for which Congress may want to consider legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Date: April 10, 2012
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Water Drinking Ace, the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of, and issues associated with, enactment of legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate hydraulic fracturing under this statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

Date: April 11, 2012
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: Energy supplies and prices are major economic factors in the United States, and energy markets are volatile and unpredictable. Thus, energy policy has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. As an aid in policy making, this report presents a current and historical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: April 13, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA): Selected Issues

Hydraulic Fracturing and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA): Selected Issues

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report provides an overview of two situations in which agencies are arguing that they do not need to conduct a comprehensive environmental review of hydraulic fracturing under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Authorization, Operation, and Drawdown Policy

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report looks at the history, purpose, and current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Support

U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Support

Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: The most widely used solar technology involves photovoltaic (PV) solar modules, which draw on semiconducting materials to convert sunlight into electricity. By year-end 2011, the total number of grid-connected PV systems nationwide reached almost 215,000. Domestic demand is met both by imports and by about 100 U.S. manufacturing facilities. The competitiveness of solar PV as a source of electric generation in the United States will likely be adversely affected both by the expiration of tax provisions and by the rapid development of shale gas, which has the potential to lower the cost of gas-fired power generation and reduce the cost-competitiveness of solar power, particularly as an energy source for utilities. In light of these developments, the ability to build a significant U.S. production base for PV equipment is in question.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department