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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Department of Energy Abolition? Implications for the Nuclear Weapons Program

Department of Energy Abolition? Implications for the Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: September 29, 1995
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report considers how abolition might affect the U.S. nuclear weapons program. It provides background on the weapons program and the debate on what organization should control it; summarizes the debate over managing the program, including criticisms of DOE’s management and issues in deciding where to place the program, and presents four options for the weapons program. It considers pros and cons for each option. This report should be of value for understanding consequences of alternative organizational “homes” for the weapons program for those considering legislation to abolish DOE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Transportation Fuels and Clean Gasoline: Background and Regulatory Issues

Alternative Transportation Fuels and Clean Gasoline: Background and Regulatory Issues

Date: January 17, 1996
Creator: Gushee, David E
Description: This report discusses legislative initiatives underway to tighten emission standards, produce cleaner cars, and develop alternative fuels, such as clean gasoline, natural gas, ethanol, and electricity. Specifically, the report focuses on the reformulate gasoline (RFG) program and the Energy Policy Act of 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 17, 1996
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: This report reviews several issues relating to alternative fuels and vehicles, mainly to combat dependence on petroleum imports and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report discusses the advantages and drawbacks of various alternative fuels and vehicles, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's FY1996 Budget

The Department of Energy's FY1996 Budget

Date: February 8, 1996
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This issue brief describes the FY1996 request for DOE's major programs, its implications, and congressional action on the DOE budget. Table 1 at the end of the issue brief highlights the FY1996 DOE budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Naval Petroleum Reserves: Proposed Sale and Issues

The Naval Petroleum Reserves: Proposed Sale and Issues

Date: March 14, 1996
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet

Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet

Date: June 6, 1996
Creator: Cody, Betsy A; Hughes, H. Steven & Price, Shelley
Description: For more than 30 years, Congress has debated constructing a dam on the American River near Auburn, California. The Army Corps of Engineers recently identified three alternatives for flood control, with the Division office's preferred plan calling for construction of a 508-foot-high detention dam. Currently, two bills address the issue: H.R. 3270 supports construction of the dam, while H.R. 2951 opposes construction of any structure on the North Fork of the American River.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Transportation Fuels: Oil Import, Highway Tax, and Implementation Issues

Alternative Transportation Fuels: Oil Import, Highway Tax, and Implementation Issues

Date: August 30, 1996
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: This report discusses three major pieces of legislation designed to, among other objectives, foster the development, introduction, and diffusion of alternative nonpetroleum fuels into the U.S. transportation sector. These three pieces of legislation are the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and the Energy Policy Act of 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Date: September 3, 1996
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers presented in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to some alternative modes of transportation, and the report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?

Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?

Date: November 20, 1996
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation

DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation

Date: December 4, 1996
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Interest in restructuring (including eliminating) the Department of Energy (DOE) and its laboratories has increased since the end of the Cold War, and especially since the beginning of the 104th Congress. A number of non-legislative proposals and activities to this end are reviewed, including DOE's own proposals for "alignment and downsizing" of the Department and its laboratories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: A New National Outlook?

Energy Efficiency: A New National Outlook?

Date: December 12, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: In 1992, the Nation spent $522 billion for energy ($1996 constant), while energy efficiency and conservation measures were saving the economy about $275 billion per year. Energy is conserved when technical means are employed to improve efficiency or to reduce energy waste. In 1996 constant dollars, conservation research and development (R&D) funding declined from $698 million in FY1979 to $198 million in FY1988 and then climbed to $486 million in FY1994, 31% below the FY1979 peak.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons Production Complex: Environmental Compliance and Waste Management

Nuclear Weapons Production Complex: Environmental Compliance and Waste Management

Date: January 17, 1997
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Date: January 28, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Proposals to increase competition in the electric utility industry involve segmenting electric functions (generation, transmission, distribution) that are currently integrated (or bundled) in most cases (both in terms of corporate and rate structures). This report identifies five basic issues this effort raises for the Congress to consider as the debate on restructuring proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation in the 104th Congress

DOE Laboratory Restructuring Legislation in the 104th Congress

Date: March 14, 1997
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Interest in restructuring (including eliminating) the Department of Energy (DOE) and its laboratories has increased since the end of the Cold War, and especially since the beginning of the 104th Congress. A number of non-legislative proposals and activities to this end are reviewed, including DOE's own proposals for "alignment and downsizing" of the Department and its laboratories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Date: March 17, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Date: March 19, 1997
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Date: August 28, 1997
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Excise Tax - Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet

Gasoline Excise Tax - Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet

Date: September 16, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's FY1998 Budget

The Department of Energy's FY1998 Budget

Date: November 7, 1997
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This issue brief describes the FY1998 request for DOE's major programs, its implications, and congressional action on the DOE budget. Table 1 at the end of the issue brief highlights the FY1998 DOE budget request. House and Senate marks and the final budget enacted will be included in revised versions as the appropriations bills move through the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Energy Intensiveness and Energy Costs in the Context of Climate Change Policy

Industrial Energy Intensiveness and Energy Costs in the Context of Climate Change Policy

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy FY1998 Research and Development Budget and Issues

The Department of Energy FY1998 Research and Development Budget and Issues

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: This report focuses on the R&D programs. DOE has divided its activities into four major business categories: Resource, Science and Technology, National Security, and Environmental Quality. Each has an R&D component, although the R&D funding is concentrated in the first three. Table 1 (on the next page) shows FY1997 R&D funding, the FY1998 request, and the FY1998 appropriation actions by those categories
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Imports: An Overview and Update of Economic and Security Effects

Oil Imports: An Overview and Update of Economic and Security Effects

Date: December 12, 1997
Creator: Moore, John L; Behrens, Carl E & Blodgett, John E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department