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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
An Overview of Air Quality Issues in Natural Gas Systems

An Overview of Air Quality Issues in Natural Gas Systems

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report provides information on the natural gas industry and the types and sources of air pollutants in the sector. It examines the role of the federal government in regulating these emissions, including the provisions in the Clean Air Act and Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) regulatory activities. It concludes with a brief discussion of the outstanding issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: November 1, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. L.; Gelb, Bernard A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses one major element of the energy debate in the 108th Congress, which has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological resources. The Refuge is an area rich in fauna, flora, and commercial oil potential. Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Humphries, Marc
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year, related to energy and water development. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Energy and Water Development. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of the Interior's Final Rule on Offshore Well Control

The Department of the Interior's Final Rule on Offshore Well Control

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B.
Description: This report discusses regulations regarding blowout preventer systems and well control for oil and gas operations on the U.S. outer continental shelf (81 Fed. Reg. 25887). The regulations aim to reduce the risk of an offshore oil or gas blowout that could jeopardize human safety and harm the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report examines U.S. oil and natural gas production data for federal and non-federal areas with an emphasis on the past five fiscal years of production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Date: November 24, 2004
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues pertaining to energy policy. It includes information about most recent developments, background and analysis broken down into major categories, and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Description: This report provides legal background on the Clean Power Plan rule (CPP) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), its Clean Air Act (CAA) framework under Section 111, and climate-related lawsuits that have preceded the present litigation over the CPP. It then gives an overview of the participants in the current litigation, including two groups of Members of Congress, who have offered briefs in support of the petitioners and the respondents, respectively. This report explains the major events in the litigation as of the date of publication, including the Supreme Court stay, and the likely timetable of events in the near term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: May 31, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board and the Security Council.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: November 4, 2004
Creator: Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses energy legislation pertaining to fuel standards. The current corporate average fuel economy standard (CAFE) is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for passenger automobiles and 20.7 mpg for light trucks (scheduled to increase to 22.2 mpg in model year [MY] 2007), a classification that also includes sport utility vehicles (SUVs). Congress had included language in the FY1996-FY2001 Transportation Appropriations prohibiting the use of appropriated funds for any rulemaking on CAFE, effectively freezing the standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management's Five-Year Program for Offshore Oil and Gas Leasing: History and Proposed Program for 2017-2022

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management's Five-Year Program for Offshore Oil and Gas Leasing: History and Proposed Program for 2017-2022

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B.; Humphries, Marc & Vann, Adam
Description: The first two sections of this report discuss the history and legal framework for Bureau of Ocean Energy Management's (BOEM) five-year offshore oil and gas leasing programs. Subsequent sections outline BOEM's development process, briefly summarize previous years' programs, and analyze the proposal for 2017-2022. The final section of the report discusses the role of Congress, with a focus on congressional oversight and legislation related to the 2017-2022 program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Natural Gas: Uncertainty for Markets

China's Natural Gas: Uncertainty for Markets

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Nelson, Gabriel M. & Lawrence, Susan V.
Description: This report discusses China's natural gas plans. Despite China's pollution problems and international environmental commitments, the role of natural gas in China's energy mix remains relatively low, particularly compared to the United States; however, China has announced big plans for its natural gas development and use. These changes will require significant investment in exploration, production, infrastructure, and consumption.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOT's Federal Pipeline Safety Program: Background and Key Issues for Congress

DOT's Federal Pipeline Safety Program: Background and Key Issues for Congress

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report reviews the history of federal programs for pipeline safety, significant safety issues, and recent developments focusing on key issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Date: July 9, 2008
Creator: Lane, Nic
Description: This report provides an overview of developments and considerations regarding wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technology. It summarizes federal involvement in the regulation of this new industry and highlights current issues in the field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program. Several U.N. Security Council resolutions required Iran to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA's) investigation of its nuclear activities, suspend its uranium enrichment program, suspend its construction of a heavy-water reactor and related projects, and ratify the Additional Protocol to its IAEA safeguards agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K. & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the large, uncontrollable natural gas leak in the Aliso Canyon Underground Storage Facility near the Porter Ranch community in Los Angeles County, California, which occurred between October 23, 2015, and February 11, 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program: How are State Allotments Determined?

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program: How are State Allotments Determined?

Date: April 17, 2001
Creator: Abbey, Craig W.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), which is a block grant program under which the federal government provides states annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wave, Tidal, and In-Stream Energy Projects: Which Federal Agency Has the Lead?

Wave, Tidal, and In-Stream Energy Projects: Which Federal Agency Has the Lead?

Date: October 5, 2007
Creator: Lane, Nic
Description: This report describes wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technologies -- also referred to as hydrokinetic or marine energy. It discusses the recent changes in law aimed to clarify the federal role in ocean wave and renewable energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas and Crude Oil: Federal and State Regulatory Authority

Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas and Crude Oil: Federal and State Regulatory Authority

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between federal and state authority over siting and safety of crude oil and natural gas transmission and gathering pipelines and related facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: May 1, 2007
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Gillis, Anne & Gurevitz, Mark
Description: This report reviews the status of energy efficiency and renewable energy legislation introduced during the 110th Congress. Action has focused on legislation to increase funding for energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: October 1, 2007
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a summary of major legislative proposals for change in the farm bill energy title (Title IX) and compares current law with energy provisions from the recently approved House 2007 farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report provides a systematic guide to understanding the use of financial derivative contracts in the energy industry, focusing specifically on the petroleum and natural gas sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors

Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry & Holt, Mark
Description: This report includes analyses of the potential effect of the tax credit for nuclear power provided by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and possible competitive effects of various proposals to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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