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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Oil Industry Profits: Analysis of Recent Performance

Oil Industry Profits: Analysis of Recent Performance

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report analyzes the profit performance of firms in the oil industry, evaluates factors that might have affected profitability in the oil industry, and examines the use of profits by the industry and the implications for the development of the oil market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS): Background and Debate Over a National Requirement

Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS): Background and Debate Over a National Requirement

Date: December 5, 2007
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report discusses the renewable energy portfolio standard (RPS), under which retail electricity suppliers (electric utilities) must provide a minimum amount of electricity from renewable energy resources or purchase tradable credits that represent an equivalent amount of renewable energy production. The minimum requirement is often set as a percentage share of retail electricity sales.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: August 27, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report introduces some of the issues that are influencing the development of a conservation title. It then reviews the contents of the House-passed bill, H.R. 2419. Some alternative proposals that the House considered are summarized in an appendix. The House-passed bill includes some elements of the alternative proposals (usually in modified form). This report is limited to the conservation title. However, conservation topics in recent farm bills have been increasingly addressed in other titles, and that trend continues with the House-passed version, which contains conservation provisions in the energy, forestry, and research titles, and others as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gas to Liquids Industry and Natural Gas Markets

The Gas to Liquids Industry and Natural Gas Markets

Date: November 8, 2004
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report provides and analyzes basic information concerning the gas to liquids industry (GTL) industry to inform debate on broad energy legislation, as well as more specific natural gas legislation on supply issues including an Alaskan natural gas pipeline as well as LNG facility development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses the nuclear energy policy issues facing Congress, which include the implementation of federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, and security against terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Setting the Stage for the Current Debate

Energy Policy: Setting the Stage for the Current Debate

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy. Comprehensive energy legislation was introduced in the Senate by both parties by late March (S. 388, S. 389, S. 596, S. 597).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report reviews several issues relating to alternative fuels and vehicles, mainly to combat dependence on petroleum imports and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report discusses the advantages and drawbacks of various alternative fuels and vehicles, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: May 15, 2008
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Cunningham, Lynn J. & Gurevitz, Mark
Description: This report reviews the status of energy efficiency and renewable energy legislation introduced during the 110th Congress. Most action in the second session is focused on the FY2009 budget request, the Farm Bill (H.R. 2419), and three bills (H.R. 6049, H.R. 5984/H.R. 3221 [S. 2821], and S. 2886) that would extend or modify selected renewable energy and energy efficiency tax incentives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq’s Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Iraq’s Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides detailed trade information and statistics on Iraq’s trade with the world from 2001 to 2003, highlighting its major trading partners. Data on U.S. trade with Iraq from 2002 to 2004 are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Profit by the Five Major Oil Companies

The Use of Profit by the Five Major Oil Companies

Date: June 19, 2007
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: The five major integrated oil companies operating in the U.S. market have earned net incomes totaling $308 billion since 2004. This report analyzes the uses of accrued profits by the five major integrated oil companies from 2004 through 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: July 14, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Petroleum prices rose sharply in the first half of 2008, at one time reaching more than $140 per barrel of crude oil. This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation’s merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report analyzes the potential for liquefied natural gas (LNG) to become a flexible, dependable, source of natural gas supply for the U.S. market, while also setting a cap on natural gas prices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2). The questions are broadly representative of typical inquiries regarding the process and mechanics of storing CO2 underground, how much might be stored, and what might happen to CO2 once it is injected underground.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA), which was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Regulatory Reform: Issues for the 109th Congress

Electric Utility Regulatory Reform: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: This report discusses regulation issues affecting electricity today. Comprehensive electricity legislation may involve several components: Public Utility Holding Company Act (PUHCA) reform, PURPA's requirement that utilities purchase power from qualifying facilities (QFs), and reliability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report examines the background of Iran's nuclear policy, the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind Energy: Offshore Permitting

Wind Energy: Offshore Permitting

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: This report will discuss the disputes over Corps jurisdiction prior to enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 as well as the current law applicable to siting offshore wind facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development

Date: January 30, 2000
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Humphries, Marc
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A Comparative Analysis

The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A Comparative Analysis

Date: September 24, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report compares and contrasts the goals of, and the investments in, three research and development (R&D) initiatives, which may provide useful insights for Congress as it assesses and debates the nation's energy policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom
Description: This report discusses Cellulosic biofuels, which are produced from cellulose derived from renewable biomass. They are thought by many to hold the key to increased benefits from renewable biofuels because they are made from low-cost, diverse, non-food feedstocks, and could also potentially decrease the fossil energy required to produce ethanol, resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy Act of 2005: Summary and Analysis of Enacted Provisions

Energy Policy Act of 2005: Summary and Analysis of Enacted Provisions

Date: March 8, 2006
Creator: Holt, Mark & Glover, Carol
Description: This report provides a section-by-section summary of the provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Discussions of legislative background and policy implications are provided for bill titles and subtitles that address unified programs or policy areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species Act (ESA) Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead

Endangered Species Act (ESA) Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. This report discusses the federal regulation of this system under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Nuclear Detection Architecture: Issues for Congress

The Global Nuclear Detection Architecture: Issues for Congress

Date: September 23, 2008
Creator: Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report discusses the global nuclear detection architecture which is a complicated system of systems. This report addresses only the global nuclear detection architecture, not programs focusing on events prior or subsequent to the detection opportunity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department