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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report provides a discussion of the major issues and concerns of the global supply chain for rare earth elements (REEs), their major end uses, and legislative and other policy proposals that Congress may consider to improve the U.S. rare earth position.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Date: November 29, 2013
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy in the United States that is focused on three major goals: assuring a secure supply of energy, keeping energy costs low, and protecting the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Renewable Fuel Standard: In Brief

The Renewable Fuel Standard: In Brief

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report provides a basic description of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), including some of the widely discussed issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Waiver Authority Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Waiver Authority Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: January 21, 2014
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the renewable fuel standard (RFS) program and discusses the process and criteria for EPA to approve a waiver petition. Transportation fuels are required by federal law to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel each year. The RFS, established by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct, P.L. 109-58) and amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), requires that 15.2 billion gallons of renewable fuels be blended into gasoline and other transportation fuels in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Fuels and Fuel Reduction

Wildfire Fuels and Fuel Reduction

Date: May 13, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report examines wildfire biomass fuels. It discusses fuel characteristics and their relation to wildfire intensity and spread, and includes a description of actions proposed to reduce biomass fuel levels, their effectiveness for protecting property and resources from wildfires, and their impacts on other resource values. It concludes with an examination of the federal authorities for fuel reduction activities on federal and non-federal lands, together with data on the funding provided under each of these authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses elements of the greenhouse gas (GHG) controversy, providing background on stationary sources of GHG pollution and identifying options Congress has at its disposal to address GHG issues, including: (1) resolutions of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act; (2) freestanding legislation; (3) the use of appropriations bills as a vehicle to influence EPA activity; and (4) amendments to the Clean Air Act, including legislation to establish a new GHG control regime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy in the United States that is focused on three major goals: assuring a secure supply of energy, keeping energy costs low, and protecting the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board and the Security Council.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the provisions of S. 2262, highlights the most controversial bill provision, and identifies potential amendments to the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board and the Security Council. It will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Low-Income Assistance Programs: Trends in Federal Spending

Low-Income Assistance Programs: Trends in Federal Spending

Date: May 7, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report examines the spending trends of 10 major need-tested benefit programs or groups of programs: (1) health care from Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP); (2) the refundable portion of the health insurance tax credit enacted in the 2010 health care reform law; (3) the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); (4) assisted housing; (5) financial assistance for post-secondary students (Pell Grants); (6) compensatory education grants to school districts; (7) the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); (8) the Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC); (9) Supplemental Security Income (SSI); and (10) Family Support Payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: May 14, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: May 23, 2014
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the United States--A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

China and the United States--A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Description: This report looks at the laws, programs, and policies encouraging development of wind, solar, and biomass power in the China and the United States. While hydropower is the most developed source of renewable electricity in both China and the United States, additional development of conventional hydropower is not currently a major focus of energy policy in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The LIHEAP Formula

The LIHEAP Formula

Date: May 21, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses two types of formulas used to allocate funding to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) through regular and contingency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit: In Brief

The Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit: In Brief

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the renewable electricity production tax credit (PTC). The first section of the report describes the credit. The second section provides a legislative history. The third section presents data on PTC claims and discusses the revenue consequences of the credit. The fourth section briefly considers some of the economic and policy considerations related to the credit. The report concludes by briefly noting policy options related to the PTC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 9, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Meltz, Robert; Leggett, Jane A.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) proposal regarding greenhouse gas regulations. In addition to discussing details of the proposed rule, the report addresses a number of questions regarding the reasons for the proposal; the EPA's authority under Section 111 of the CAA; the EPA's previous experience using that authority; the steps the agency must take to finalize the proposed rule; and various other background questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Meltz, Robert; Leggett, Jane A.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) proposal regarding greenhouse gas regulations. In addition to discussing details of the proposed rule, the report addresses a number of questions regarding the reasons for the proposal; the EPA's authority under Section 111 of the CAA; the EPA's previous experience using that authority; the steps the agency must take to finalize the proposed rule; and various other background questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

Date: June 27, 2014
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. As an aid in policy making, this report presents a current and historical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: June 1, 2014
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department