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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Date: January 7, 1999
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: This report provides background information on PUHCA, including its history and impact. It also discusses how PUHCA reform fits into the current electric utility industry restructuring debate. This report will be updated as events warrant. For related information on electricity restructuring, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Sea Shipment of Plutonium

Japan's Sea Shipment of Plutonium

Date: January 15, 1993
Creator: Donnelly, Warren H & Davis, Zachary S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives and the EPA Renewable Oxygenate Requirement

Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives and the EPA Renewable Oxygenate Requirement

Date: October 7, 1994
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report examines the current alcohol fuels Federal tax incentives. Part I describes the statutory provisions of each of the five incentives. Part II examines the major public policy and economic issues of concern to policymakers: potential revenue effects, effectiveness, and economic efficiency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Incentives for Alcohol Fuels

Tax Incentives for Alcohol Fuels

Date: February 9, 1995
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Naval Petroleum Reserves: Proposed Sale and Issues

The Naval Petroleum Reserves: Proposed Sale and Issues

Date: March 14, 1996
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementation of the Reformulated Gasoline Program

Implementation of the Reformulated Gasoline Program

Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Mayer, Susan L; Kumins, Lawrence C & Segal, Migdon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet

Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet

Date: June 6, 1996
Creator: Cody, Betsy A; Hughes, H. Steven & Price, Shelley
Description: For more than 30 years, Congress has debated constructing a dam on the American River near Auburn, California. The Army Corps of Engineers recently identified three alternatives for flood control, with the Division office's preferred plan calling for construction of a 508-foot-high detention dam. Currently, two bills address the issue: H.R. 3270 supports construction of the dam, while H.R. 2951 opposes construction of any structure on the North Fork of the American River.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Oil Production After Year 2000: Business As Usual or Crises?

World Oil Production After Year 2000: Business As Usual or Crises?

Date: August 18, 1995
Creator: Riva, Joseph P
Description: Deficient productive capacity has not yet caused an oil crisis, but that does not mean it never will. Significant increases in world oil demand will have to be met primarily from Persian Gulf supplies. This is a region with a history of wars, illegal occupations, soups, revolutions, sabotage, terrorism, and oil embargoes. To these possibilities may be added growing Islamist movements with various antipathies to the West. If oil production were constrained, oil prices could rise abruptly along with adverse world economic repercussions. If the IEA and EIA are correct on the demand side, deficient world oil productive capacity could cause an oil crisis within 15 years and political disruptions in Saudi Arabia could cause one sooner. However, if the increases in world oil demand were more moderate, and there is long-term relative peace in the Middle East, with increasing foreign participation in upstream oil activities, a business as usual world oil demand and supply situation would be a likely scenario for much of the next century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Date: January 7, 1999
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Proposals to increase competition in the electric utility industry involve segmenting electric functions (generation, transmission, distribution) that are currently integrated (or bundled) in most cases (both in terms of corporate and rate structures). This report identifies five basic issues this effort raises for the Congress to consider as the debate on restructuring proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Date: March 19, 1997
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Date: January 28, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Proposals to increase competition in the electric utility industry involve segmenting electric functions (generation, transmission, distribution) that are currently integrated (or bundled) in most cases (both in terms of corporate and rate structures). This report identifies five basic issues this effort raises for the Congress to consider as the debate on restructuring proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Date: March 17, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Excise Tax - Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet

Gasoline Excise Tax - Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet

Date: September 16, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Issues

Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Issues

Date: February 17, 1999
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring: Comparison of S.1401, H.R. 655, H.R. 1230, S. 722, H.R. 1960, and S. 2287

Electricity Restructuring: Comparison of S.1401, H.R. 655, H.R. 1230, S. 722, H.R. 1960, and S. 2287

Date: July 16, 1998
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Once considered the nation's most regulated industry, the electric utility industry is evolving into a more competitive environment. At the current time, the focus of this development is the generating sector, where the advent of new generating technologies, such as gas-fired combined cycle, has lowered both entry barriers to competitors of traditional utilities and lowered the marginal costs of those competitors below those of some traditional utilities. This technological advance has been combined with legislative initiatives, such as the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT), to encourage the introduction of competitive forces into the electric generating sector. The questions now are whether further legislative action is desirable to encourage competition in the electric utility sector and how the transition between a comprehensive regulatory regime to a more competitive electric utility sector can be made with the least amount of economic and service disruption.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund (LUST)

Date: August 28, 1997
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Imports: An Overview and Update of Economic and Security Effects

Oil Imports: An Overview and Update of Economic and Security Effects

Date: December 12, 1997
Creator: Moore, John L; Behrens, Carl E & Blodgett, John E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring Background: The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 and the Energy Policy Act of 1992

Electricity Restructuring Background: The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 and the Energy Policy Act of 1992

Date: May 4, 1998
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) increased competition in the electric generating sector by creating new entities that can generate and sell electricity at wholesale without being regulated as utilities under PUHCA. PURPA began to shift more regulatory responsibilities to the federal government, and EPACT continued that shift away from the states by creating new options for utilities and regulators to meet electricity demand.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Fuel Taxes, Legislative Issues, and the Transportation Equity Act

Transportation Fuel Taxes, Legislative Issues, and the Transportation Equity Act

Date: June 17, 1998
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentive

Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentive

Date: June 23, 1999
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report discusses federal tax subsidies for alcohol transportation fuels, as well as legislative actions underway to repeal, extend, or reduce them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons Production Complex: Environmental Compliance and Waste Management

Nuclear Weapons Production Complex: Environmental Compliance and Waste Management

Date: January 17, 1997
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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