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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2011
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report presents a current and historical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy including oil, electricity, coal, and renewable energies. It includes compiled statistics and charts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Schnepf, Randy; Stubbs, Megan & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: Report that provides background on the current effort to develop industrial-scale, competitive technology to produce biofuels from cellulosic feedstocks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The economic rationale for interventions in energy markets helps inform the debate surrounding energy tax policy. This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions, highlighting various market failures. After identifying possible market failures in the production and consumption of energy, possible interventions are discussed. The report concludes with an analysis of energy tax policy as it stands at the start of the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The economic rationale for interventions in energy markets helps inform the debate surrounding energy tax policy. This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions, highlighting various market failures. After identifying possible market failures in the production and consumption of energy, possible interventions are discussed. The report concludes with an analysis of energy tax policy as it stands at the start of the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report evaluates design elements of previous Clean Energy Standards (CES) proposals, summarizes the Administration’s CES policy framework, provides state-level baseline CES compliance analysis, and presents several policy options that Congress might consider as part of a CES debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Market for Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

The Market for Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the current market for biomass-based diesel (BBD) fuels and their corresponding RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) under the RFS. It examines the role that the RIN market may play as an economic incentive for the production of biodiesel and other BBD fuels in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Solar Projects: DOE Section 1705 Loan Guarantees

Solar Projects: DOE Section 1705 Loan Guarantees

Date: October 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report discusses the solar energy initiative and the political implications. The objective of this report is to provide Congress with insight regarding solar projects supported by Department of Energy (DOE’s) loan guarantee program, the risk characteristics of these projects, and how other DOE loan guarantee projects are either similar to or different from the Solyndra solar manufacturing project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Historical Perspectives on and Current Status of Energy Tax Expenditures

Energy Tax Policy: Historical Perspectives on and Current Status of Energy Tax Expenditures

Date: May 2, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report presents Energy Tax Policy from 1916 to 1970, throughout the 1970s, in the 1980s, and in the 1990s. It also discusses the economic rationale for Intervention in energy markets, energy tax expenditures, and other energy tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the United States—A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

China and the United States—A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Description: This report looks at the laws, programs, and policies encouraging development of wind, solar, and biomass power in the China and the United States. While hydropower is the most developed source of renewable electricity in both China and the United States, additional development of conventional hydropower is not currently a major focus of energy policy in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Programs and the Farm Bill: Status and Issues

Renewable Energy Programs and the Farm Bill: Status and Issues

Date: September 7, 2011
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report focuses on those policies contained in the 2008 farm bill (the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008; P.L. 110-246) that support agriculture-based renewable energy, especially biofuels. The introductory sections briefly describe how these policies evolved and how they fit into the larger context of U.S. biofuels policy. Then, the policies specific to the 2008 farm bill are defined in terms of their function, goals, administration, funding, and implementation status. Finally, a section reviews the major emerging issues related to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) energy programs, particularly as related to their possible inclusion in the next farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keeping America’s Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America’s Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report covers ways in which the 112th Congress can introduce relevant legislation to safeguard pipelines that transport natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids across the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage; the networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: July 11, 2011
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report covers ways in which the 112th Congress can introduce relevant legislation to safeguard pipelines that transport natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids across the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage; the networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation Through the 111th Congress

Biomass: Comparison of Definitions in Legislation Through the 111th Congress

Date: January 6, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi & Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report discusses the use of biomass as an energy feedstock, which is emerging as a potentially viable alternative to address U.S. energy security concerns, foreign oil dependence, rural economic development, and diminishing sources of conventional energy. Biomass (organic matter that can be converted into energy) may include food crops, crops for energy (e.g., switchgrass or prairie perennials), crop residues, wood waste and byproducts, and animal manure. This report discusses legislation regarding biomass, the evolving definition of biomass, and the positions of supporters and detractors of biomass as an alternative energy source.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Wind Turbine Manufacturing: Federal Support for an Emerging Industry

U.S. Wind Turbine Manufacturing: Federal Support for an Emerging Industry

Date: September 23, 2011
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report looks at how U.S. energy supply can be increased by wind power, which is a secure, environmentally-friendly, and economical source of power. Specific topics addressed are the components and manufacturing of wind turbines, and legislation mandating production of turbines and production of wind power.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Date: March 24, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses some of the most relevant factors to take into account when considering whether or not biopower is carbon neutral. It does not discuss carbon accounting for other bioenergy pathways.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Refined Product Reserves: Authorization and Drawdown Policy

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Refined Product Reserves: Authorization and Drawdown Policy

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in the Energy Policy and Consevation Act, which was authorized to help prevent a repetition of the economic dislocation caused by the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo. The Government Accountability Office recently observed that the proportion of crude oil grades in the SPR has been growing less compatible with the heavier grades of crude oil that U.S. refineries have been upgrading to handle. This finding has raised questions about the SPR's effectiveness during a long-term oil disruption involving heavy oil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Fossil Fuel Resources: Terminology, Reporting, and Summary

U.S. Fossil Fuel Resources: Terminology, Reporting, and Summary

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Whitney, Gene; Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report describes the characteristics of fossil fuels that make it necessary to use precise terminology, summarizes the major terms and their meanings, and provides a brief summary of the United States’ endowment of fossil fuels and the relationship between the U.S. fossil fuel energy endowment and those of other nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Cunningham, Lynn J. & Roberts, Beth A.
Description: This report describes federal programs that provide grants, loans, loan guarantees, and other direct or indirect regulatory incentives for energy efficiency, energy conservation, and renewable energy. For each program, the report provides the administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and the program expiration date. The appendixes provide summary information in a tabular format.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy R&D Funding History: A Comparison with Funding for Nuclear Energy, Fossil Energy, and Energy Efficiency R&D

Renewable Energy R&D Funding History: A Comparison with Funding for Nuclear Energy, Fossil Energy, and Energy Efficiency R&D

Date: January 26, 2011
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report provides a cumulative history of Department of Energy (DOE) funding for renewable energy compared with funding for the other energy technologies-nuclear energy, fossil energy, and energy efficiency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Projects on Federal Lands: Leasing and Authorization

Energy Projects on Federal Lands: Leasing and Authorization

Date: May 4, 2011
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: The report first reviews the laws and regulations affecting leasing of federal lands for exploration and production of oil, natural gas, and coal, as well as the permits that lessees must obtain in order to explore for and produce these resources. The report also addresses existing laws and regulations that govern the use of federal lands for renewable energy projects, including geothermal, wind, and solar energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Demand and the Changing Natural Gas Market

Industrial Demand and the Changing Natural Gas Market

Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report analyzes the behavior of the industrial component of natural gas demand, examining the conditions in the industries that consume natural gas that might lead to reduced demand. The nitrogen-based fertilizer industry is examined as an example of a major natural gas consuming industry that has been affected by high and/or fluctuating prices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meeting the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Mandate for Cellulosic Biofuels: Questions and Answers

Meeting the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Mandate for Cellulosic Biofuels: Questions and Answers

Date: July 13, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report discusses the background of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and answers some common questions about it. The RFS was expanded under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 in an effort to reduce dependence on foreign oil, promote biofuel use, and stabilize transportation fuel prices, among other goals. Over a 15-year period, the RFS seeks to establish a market for biofuels in the transportation sector by requiring that increasing amounts of biofuels be blended into transportation fuel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

Date: March 2, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report analyzes the relationship between the dollar and the price of oil and how the two might interact. This report provides an assessment of the impact a range of prices of imported oil could have on the U.S. trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Report that provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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