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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Energy in 2001: Crisis Again?

Energy in 2001: Crisis Again?

Date: July 31, 2001
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: This report deals with changes in the national energy picture since the early 1990s, when Congress last dealt at length with energy policy. It reviews the problem areas and discusses differing views on how to deal with the energy situation in the long run. A summary of some current legislative initiatives is also given.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency and the Rebound Effect: Does Increasing Efficiency Decrease Demand?

Energy Efficiency and the Rebound Effect: Does Increasing Efficiency Decrease Demand?

Date: July 30, 2001
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Description: Intuitively it seems obvious to most observers that increasing energy efficiency will ultimately reduce demand for an energy resource such as electricity. Paradoxically, economic theory suggests that this decrease in demand and subsequent decrease in cost of using the resource could cause a rebound in demand. A commonly cited example is an increase in the efficiency of home air conditioning which may reduce the resident’s monetary incentive to conserve. The resident may opt to change the thermostat setting to keep the amount he pays constant, but living at a more comfortable temperature. When actually measured this “Rebound Effect” is generally acknowledged to lower predicted reductions in electricity demand by 10%-40% depending on the device that is made more efficient.
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Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Holt, Mark & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
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Nuclear Energy Policy

Nuclear Energy Policy

Date: November 7, 2001
Creator: Holt, Mark & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Costs and Agriculture

Energy Costs and Agriculture

Date: April 24, 2001
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: U.S. agriculture is not an especially energy-intensive industry, but energy does account for about 6% of farm production costs. Additionally, farming is a highly mechanized industry and requires timely energy supplies at particular stages of the production cycle in order to achieve optimum yields. A substantial part of energy use by agriculture is indirect —embodied in the chemicals applied and machinery used on farms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: June 26, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Setting the Stage for the Current Debate

Energy Policy: Setting the Stage for the Current Debate

Date: August 13, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: The Bush Administration issued its plan for a national energy policy on May 16, 2001. Comprehensive energy legislation was introduced in the Senate by both parties by late March (S. 388, S. 389, S. 596, S. 597). Bills reported by several House committees (H.R. 2436, H.R. 2460, H.R. 2511, and H.R. 2587) were combined in a single bill, H.R. 4, passed by the House, August 1, 2001. The bill includes provisions that would require a reduction in light-duty truck and SUV fuel consumption, and would open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to leasing.
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Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Date: July 27, 2001
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: Energy security, a major driver of federal energy efficiency programs in the past, came back into play as oil and gas prices rose late in the year 2000. Also, the electricity shortages in California have brought a new emphasis to the role that energy efficiency and energy conservation may play in dampening electricity demand.
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Energy Tax Policy

Energy Tax Policy

Date: August 24, 2001
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: President Bush has issued a comprehensive energy policy initiative, which includes limited energy tax measures; the Administration has criticized such measures as being inconsistent with its free market philosophy. Several of the issues that drove energy policy and energy tax policy during the 106th Congress are extant: 1) tax incentives to increase the supply of oil and gas; 2) energy tax issues relating to energy conservation and energy efficiency; 3) energy tax issues relating to alternative fuels; 4) energy taxes/subsidies and residential energy costs; and 5) issues relating to electricity restructuring. In addition, there are certain energy tax provisions that are either expiring or are time-sensitive that the 107th Congress may choose to take action on.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Natural Gas Prices: Overview of Market Factors and Policy Options

Natural Gas Prices: Overview of Market Factors and Policy Options

Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bush Energy Policy: Overview of Major Proposals and Legislative Action

Bush Energy Policy: Overview of Major Proposals and Legislative Action

Date: August 22, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L & Holt, Mark
Description: The Bush Administration outlined its proposals for addressing the nation’s energy problems in May 2001 with a 170-page report by the National Energy Policy Development Group (NEPD) titled National Energy Policy (NEP). In June, the President transmitted to Congress a summation of the report’s concepts and strategies that call for legislative action.
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The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program: How are State Allotments Determined?

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program: How are State Allotments Determined?

Date: April 17, 2001
Creator: Abbey, Craig W.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), which is a block grant program under which the federal government provides states annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR.
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The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

Date: August 1, 2001
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues

Date: March 9, 2001
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Date: March 29, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses air quality initiatives (such as the Ozone Transport Rule) that primarily focus on reducing and enforcing emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities in the Midwest and South.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Date: November 29, 2001
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
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Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Home Heating Oil Price and Supply During Winter 2000-2001: Policy Options

U.S. Home Heating Oil Price and Supply During Winter 2000-2001: Policy Options

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Prices: Overview of Current World Market Dynamics

Oil Prices: Overview of Current World Market Dynamics

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Date: September 7, 2001
Creator: Abel, Amy & Parker, Larry
Description: The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) and the Federal Power Act (FPA) were enacted to eliminate unfair practices and other abuses by electricity and gas holding companies by requiring federal control and regulation of interstate public utility holding companies. Comprehensive energy legislation has passed the House and Senate. The House passed H.R. 6 on April 11, 2003. On July 31, 2003, the Senate suspended debate on S. 14, inserted the text of H.R. 4 (107th Congress) as a substitute, and passed H.R. 6. A conference agreement was reached November 17, 2003, and passed by the House the next day. H.R. 6 includes an electricity title that would, in part, repeal PUHCA, would prospectively repeal the mandatory purchase requirement under PURPA, and would create an electric reliability organization. On June 15, 2004, H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy policy bill, passed the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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