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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuations of individuals in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005. It also highlights several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuations of individuals in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005. Several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy are also highlighted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuation of individuals from Hurricane Katrina. Several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy are also highlighted. This report will be updated as significant legislative or administrative changes occur.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues

FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues

Date: May 7, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the declaration process and the types of declarations that can be issued under the Stafford Act: (1) emergency and major disaster declarations, and (2) Fire Management Assistance Grants. The report also examines how the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) is financed and analyzes the issues related to the DRF, including the debate over supplemental appropriations, how the DRF is budgeted, and the influence the Budget Control Act has had on the DRF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes snow assistance and assistance for severe winter storms, the declaration process, the criteria used to make eligibility determinations, and the types of assistance that are provided after the President has issued a major disaster declaration for the incident. This report also provides historical data on winter incidents since 2009 including obligations for the incidents from FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). The DRF is the main account used to fund a wide variety of programs, grants, and other forms of emergency and disaster assistance to states, local governments, certain nonprofit entities, and families and individuals affected by disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Response Framework: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

The National Response Framework: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Congress and the President consolidated numerous federal emergency plans into the National Response Plan (NRP). This report discusses how national response planning documents have evolved over time and describes the authorities that shape the National Response Framework (NRF). Several issue areas that might be examined for potential lawmaking and oversight concerning the NRF are also highlighted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Date: July 6, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report examines concerns expressed by policymakers and experts that current Stafford Act declarations are inadequate to respond to, and recover from, highly destructive events. It presents the arguments for and against amending the act to add a catastrophic declaration amendment. This report also includes data analyses of past and potential disasters to determine what incidents might be deemed as catastrophic, and explores alternative policy options that might obviate the need for catastrophic declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2011: Trends and Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2011: Trends and Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Date: August 31, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: Report that describes the declaration process of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of declarations that can be made under the Stafford Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, which authorizes the President to issue declarations that provide states and localities with a range of federal assistance in response to natural and man-made incidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Assistance after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Wilma, Gustav, and Ike

Federal Disaster Assistance after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Wilma, Gustav, and Ike

Date: July 5, 2013
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Nagel, Jared Conrad
Description: Report that provides information on federal financial assistance provided to the Gulf States after major disasters were declared in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in response to the widespread destruction that resulted from Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma in 2005 and Hurricanes Gustav and Ike in 2008. This includes a brief summary of each hurricane and a discussion concerning federal to state cost-shares.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X.; Hoover, Katie & Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the Fire Management Assistance Grant, which authorized by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act provides various forms of federal assistance such as the provision of equipment, personnel, and grants to state, local, and tribal governments for the control, management, and mitigation of any fire on certain public or private forest land or grassland that might become a major disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 10, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report addresses traditional funding for major disaster declarations, workings of the President's Disaster Relief Fund, a basic overview of how disaster assistance is appropriated, what factors affect how much the federal government spends on disasters, how disaster relief is impacted by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, and what the policy implications are for disaster assistance under the constraints of the BCA, and the increasing number of disaster declarations and both the possible causes and likely cost implications of a greater number of declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: November 8, 2013
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report addresses traditional funding for major disaster declarations, workings of the President's Disaster Relief Fund, a basic overview of how disaster assistance is appropriated, what factors affect how much the federal government spends on disasters, how disaster relief is impacted by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, and what the policy implications are for disaster assistance under the constraints of the BCA, and the increasing number of disaster declarations and both the possible causes and likely cost implications of a greater number of declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: The first section of this report addresses the pre-BCA (Budget Control Act) funding mechanism for major disaster declarations, including the role of the President's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). Next, this report provides a basic overview of how that funding mechanism has evolved under the BCA, and how Hurricane Sandy was addressed under that mechanism. Finally, the report explores a number of other issues pertinent to disaster relief funding in the BCA-regulated environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina: The Public Health and Medical Response

Hurricane Katrina: The Public Health and Medical Response

Date: September 21, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Influenza: Domestic Preparedness Efforts

Pandemic Influenza: Domestic Preparedness Efforts

Date: November 10, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response

2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: In response to a series of disasters (namely, the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita) and terrorist attacks (namely, the 2001 terror attacks) over the past decade, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments, and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation's public health system were introduced in comprehensive legislation in 2002. Congress also created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, and a new National Response Plan (NRP) was launched by DHS in December 2004. This report discusses the NRP and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department