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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the key policy objectives of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that were threefold: (1) reduce the nation's flood risk through floodplain management; (2) improve flood hazard data and risk assessment by mapping the nation's floodplains; and (3) make affordable flood insurance widely available in communities that adopt and enforce measures to make future construction safer from flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses issues associated with debris removal operations after a disaster on the scale of Katrina. In particular, it discusses why debris removal was an ongoing concern months after the hurricane, as well as factors that make debris removal such a costly, complex operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Date: June 7, 2011
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report examines federal liability for flood damage and analyzes legal defenses available to the federal government. Specifically, it provides an overview of the discretionary function exemption under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) and immunity under the Flood Control Act of 1928 (FCA) as applied to Corps projects. The report also considers the Corps’ potential liability for damages caused by levee failure during Hurricane Katrina and the activation of floodways during the 2011 Mississippi flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: February 16, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes key provisions of the FY2005 program guidance, with special attention to differences from the FY2003 and FY2004 editions. This report also discusses issues regarding methods used to allocate federal homeland security assistance and authorized expenditures of homeland security assistance programs, and it analyzes options Congress may wish to consider for resolving those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses legislation addressing communications among first responders and the issues such as interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses topics in respect to tsunami disaster warnings for the United States, discussions ensued between the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) about developing a multi-hazard warning and response system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses U.S. and international disaster assistance to Haiti following storms in August and September 2008 which caused widespread devastation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report examines the constitutional rules governing federal funding for religious buildings and analyzes the Court's previous decisions on this issue. It also analyzes more recent lower court and administrative opinions that have distinguished the Court's decisions and allowed public funds to be awarded to houses of worship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Stern, Charles V.; Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Cody, Betsy A.; Carter, Nicole T. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of S. 1894, as introduced, and H.R. 2898, as passed by the House for conservation of fish species and their habitats in drought-stricken areas. It identifies comparable provisions between the two bills and discusses some of the ways in which those provisions overlap or differ. It also summarizes selected other major provisions in each bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Date: March 21, 2005
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report summarizes the extent of the disaster and relief effort and includes descriptions of the U.S. and international assistance efforts. It also examines protection mechanisms for children and separated orphans. A section is devoted to the situation in each of the affected countries followed by an analysis of selected issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in the appropriations act in recent years as "Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the legislation addressing communications among first responders focused first on interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect -- with provisions in the Homeland Security Act (P.L. 107-296).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), and "Project Impact," a FEMA pilot program. It provides an overview of PDM, legislative history, funding and mitigation studies related to Hurricane Katrina, issues for Congress, and overall observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview

The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC), which is an agreement among member states to provide assistance after disasters overwhelm a state's capacity to manage consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information and analysis of funding for federal wildfire suppression operations. It concludes by summarizing relevant legislative proposals introduced in the 114th Congress and discussing their possible implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report deals primarily with 911 and its recent history. It discusses the existing situation of 911's capacity to respond in emergencies, some proposals to improve the system, and recent legislative activity. Proposals include better connections between 911 call centers and emergency responders, building a more robust capacity, incorporating Internet protocols, developing the capacity for back-up call centers after disasters have occurred, and coordinating 911 with other types of call centers, such as the 211 centers that provide municipal services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: February 26, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes several emergency management and homeland security programs, and identifies and analyzes potential issues for the 111th Congress. These issues include the purpose and number of assistance programs; the evaluation of the use of grant funding; the determination of eligible grant recipients; the programs' funding amounts; and the programs' funding distribution methodologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: February 10, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, citing other CRS Reports and sources of additional information. Key recent events--the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza ("flu") pandemic, among others--sharpened congressional interest in the nation's systems to track and respond to public health threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report provides a summary of California's 2012-2015 drought including: comparisons, where applicable, to previous droughts; a summary of the key regulatory requirements that at certain times limit water deliveries (or exports) from the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers' Delta; and a brief discussion of California water rights with their relation to different types of federal contracts and their associated water allocations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department