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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9807/
Homeland Security Advisory System: Possible Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5818/
The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations
The powerful earthquake struck northern Pakistan and India damaged the homes of as many as three million people, forcing many of them to search for alternative means of shelter. The full extent of the destruction remains unknown because government authorities and relief organizations continue to have difficulty accessing some remote locations. As of the date of this report, the United States government (USG) has pledged $410 million toward the relief effort, almost all of it to assisting Pakistan, which remains a key U.S. ally in the war against terror. So far, about 35% of this pledge has been committed. Some aid agencies are saying that the country needs a great deal more aid than it is getting, and warn that the economic impact of the disaster will surpass $5.2 billion. This burden may contribute toward long-term instability in an area perceived to be of critical importance to the United States in the war on terror. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8997/
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues
The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, known as the 9/11 Commission, recommended that Congress and the Transportation Security Administration give priority attention to screening airline passengers for explosives. The key issue for Congress is balancing the costs of mandating passenger explosives trace detection against other aviation security needs. Passenger explosives screening technologies have been under development for several years and are now being deployed in selected airports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8938/
Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection
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Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8975/
Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8179/
U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8632/
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9422/
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9421/
Forest Fire Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1273/
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command
The Department of Defense (DOD) established U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) to fight terrorism at home. Significant organizational and procedural progress has been made in setting up this organization. However, questions remain concerning interagency relationships and information sharing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10257/
Agricultural Disaster Assistance
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers several permanently authorized programs to help farmers recover financially from a natural disaster, including federal crop insurance, the noninsured assistance program, and emergency disaster loans. Since 1988, Congress regularly has made supplemental financial assistance available to farmers and ranchers, primarily in the form of crop disaster payments and emergency livestock assistance. The Senate-passed version of a pending FY2006 supplemental appropriations bill (H.R. 4939) contains an adopted committee amendment that would provide an estimated additional $3.9 billion in various forms of farm assistance, including payments for major crop and livestock losses caused by any 2005 disaster, such as the drought in portions of the Midwest and Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the Gulf. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10263/
Farm Disaster Assistance: USDA Programs and Recent Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs639/
Hurricane Katrina-Related Immigration Issues and Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8048/
Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6197/
Proposed Transfer of FEMA to the Department of Homeland Security
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2788/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2307/
Farm Disaster Assistance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2618/
Farm Disaster Assistance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2619/
The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations
The powerful earthquake struck northern Pakistan and India damaged the homes of as many as three million people, forcing many of them to search for alternative means of shelter. The full extent of the destruction remains unknown because government authorities and relief organizations continue to have difficulty accessing some remote locations. As of the date of this report, the United States government (USG) has pledged $410 million toward the relief effort, almost all of it to assisting Pakistan, which remains a key U.S. ally in the war against terror. So far, about 35% of this pledge has been committed. Some aid agencies are saying that the country needs a great deal more aid than it is getting, and warn that the economic impact of the disaster will surpass $5.2 billion. This burden may contribute toward long-term instability in an area perceived to be of critical importance to the United States in the war on terror. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8257/
Federal Funding for Unauthorized Aliens' Emergency Medical Expenses
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8206/
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8776/
Survey of the Fifty States and the District of Columbia Statutes Generally Concerning the Quarantine and Isolation of Persons Having A Contagious or Infectious Disease
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9241/
2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response
This report discusses the National Response Plan (NRP) and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Serivces (HHS) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9707/
FEMA's Flood Hazard Map Modernization Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9159/
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9877/
Farm Disaster Assistance
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U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9021/
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) provides assistance to previously employed or self- employed individuals rendered unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular federal/state unemployment insurance (UI). DUA is federally funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but is administered by the state UI agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3234/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4039/
AIDS in Africa
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9501/
Emergency Electronic Communications in Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating an emergency electronic communications system for Congress to ensure continuity of its operations. On July 25, 2003, Representative James R. Langevin introduced H.R. 2948. The bill would direct the Comptroller General of the United States to enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the Librarian of Congress for conducting a study on the feasibility and costs of implementing such a system for Congress to use during an emergency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4040/
Homeland Security Advisory System: Possible Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4296/
Assistance to Firefighters Program
The Assistance to Firefighters Program,1 also known as the FIRE Act grant program, was established by Title XVII of the FY2001 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 106-398). Currently administered by the United States Fire Administration (USFA) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related needs. The FY2004 proposal would place the fire grant program within the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Office for Domestic Preparedness, located within the Border and Transportation Security Directorate. Under this proposal, the Assistance to Firefighters Program would be removed from the USFA, which will remain in the DHS Directorate of Emergency Preparedness and Response. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4430/
FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9458/
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding
Report that discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. The report also talks about the funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227993/
The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief
Report that discusses the responsibility of four federal agencies for long-term earthquake risk reduction: the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227882/
Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges
Report that looks at the eligibility of major highways and bridges recently damaged by Hurricanes Sandy and Irene to receive Emergency Relief Program assistance from the Federal Highway Administration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227819/
Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet
For more than 30 years, Congress has debated constructing a dam on the American River near Auburn, California. The Army Corps of Engineers recently identified three alternatives for flood control, with the Division office's preferred plan calling for construction of a 508-foot-high detention dam. Currently, two bills address the issue: H.R. 3270 supports construction of the dam, while H.R. 2951 opposes construction of any structure on the North Fork of the American River. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs314/
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief
This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7813/
Postal Service for Katrina Survivors
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7606/
Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7603/
Federal Emergency Management Agency Funding for Homeland Security and Other Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7022/
Issues Raised by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus On Education and Training
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7903/
The Use of Federal Troops for Disaster Assistance: Legal Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7637/
Hurricane Katrina-Related Immigration Issues and Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7660/
Federal Disaster and Emergency Assistance for Water Infrastructure Facilities and Supplies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7645/
Disaster Response and the Appointment of a Recovery Czar: The Executive Branch's Response to the Flood of 1927
This report describes the flood of 1927, and assesses the federal government’s response thereto. In short, the federal response was an executive branch response. President Calvin Coolidge created a quasi-governmental commission that included members of his Cabinet and the American National Red Cross. This commission encouraged the public to donate funds to the relief effort. It also gave Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover near-absolute authority to organize and oversee its response. Hoover used this authority to weave together federal resources, American National Red Cross volunteers, and the private sector to carry out the relief and recovery program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7642/
Oil and Gas Disruption from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7641/