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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides an overview of the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) task forces that has been designated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide specialized assistance after buildings or other structures collapse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses possible paths toward the modernization of the 911 infrastructure. Efforts to splice newer, digital technologies onto the aging infrastructure have created points of failure where a call can be dropped or misdirected, sometimes with tragic consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

Date: October 29, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding the H1N1 influenza, including emergency measures, civil rights, liability issues, and employment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report discusses California's current hydrological situation and provides background on regulatory restrictions affecting California water deliveries, as well as on the long-established state water rights system, which also results in uneven water deliveries in times of shortages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation: CRS Experts

Emergency Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation: CRS Experts

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report includes a table that provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to emergency preparedness and hazard mitigation. Includes a number of policy areas, such as: emergency preparedness and protection missions, functions, and structures; emergency authorities; preparedness plans; communications networks; warning systems; and state and local homeland security funding, training, and standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Date: November 29, 2012
Creator: Stern, Charles V. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: Report that summarizes recent trends in supplemental funding for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, particularly related to natural disasters. It provides summary data and analysis on Corps funding over the last 10 years and includes a general discussion of how the Corps funds emergency actions at its own facilities and elsewhere.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Date: July 6, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report examines concerns expressed by policymakers and experts that current Stafford Act declarations are inadequate to respond to, and recover from, highly destructive events. It presents the arguments for and against amending the act to add a catastrophic declaration amendment. This report also includes data analyses of past and potential disasters to determine what incidents might be deemed as catastrophic, and explores alternative policy options that might obviate the need for catastrophic declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Assistance after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Wilma, Gustav, and Ike

Federal Disaster Assistance after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Wilma, Gustav, and Ike

Date: July 5, 2013
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Nagel, Jared Conrad
Description: Report that provides information on federal financial assistance provided to the Gulf States after major disasters were declared in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in response to the widespread destruction that resulted from Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma in 2005 and Hurricanes Gustav and Ike in 2008. This includes a brief summary of each hurricane and a discussion concerning federal to state cost-shares.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management: A Brief Introduction

Federal Emergency Management: A Brief Introduction

Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: Report that is designed to provide Members of Congress and congressional staff with a general overview of principles and foundations of federal emergency management in the United States as well as the types of activities provided by various federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Date: June 6, 2011
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the options for federal support and assistance for areas affected by wildfire disaster including the period during wildfires, in the aftermath, and later for preventing a recurrence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Date: July 6, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report briefly discusses the options for federal support and assistance for areas affected by wildfire disaster including the period during wildfires, in the aftermath, and later for preventing a recurrence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about the risk from earthquakes to highway systems, including bridges, tunnels, pavements, and other highway components. Particular attention is given to highway bridges, which often are the most vulnerable highway structures. The report also discusses federal and nonfederal actions to reduce seismic risk to the U.S. highway system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

Date: March 19, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report summarizes the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to- Know Act (EPCRA) and the major regulatory programs that mandate reporting by industrial facilities of releases of hazardous chemicals to the environment, as well as local planning to respond in the event of significant, accidental releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. The report discusses the most recent and costly disasters occurred in the summer of 2005 when Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma made landfall in Gulf Coast states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: May 23, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, when communications failures contributed to the tragedies of the day, Congress has passed several laws intended to create a nationwide emergency communications capability. Yet the United States has continued to strive for a solution that assures seamless communications among first responders and emergency personnel at the scene of a major disaster. To address this problem, Congress included provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96) for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications, and assigned additional spectrum to accommodate the new network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: November 1, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Report that covers a background of provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: May 23, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Background of provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: August 7, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report covers a background of provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Date: July 5, 2011
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report looks at four issues dominating wildfire funding debates: the high cost of fire management, funding for fuel reduction, the federal role in protecting nonfederal lands, and post-fire rehabilitation. The Forest Service (FS) and the Department of the Interior (DOI) are responsible for protecting most federal lands from wildfires, however, many in Congress are concerned that wildfire costs are spiraling upward without a reduction in damages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the issues with the housing policies of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), particularly as they relate to the Post-Katrina Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-295) and the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Plan (P.L. 93-288). It includes an overview of the Stafford Act sections 403 and 408 as well as a breakdown of issues for Congress and possible Congressional approaches to address the policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program: History, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program: History, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report compares and analyzes three different categories of loans issued in different time periods in the program's history: "traditional" loans issued between 1974 and 2005, in 2007, and between 2009 and 2011 (TCDLs); "special" (SCDLs) loans issued in 2005-2006 following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita; and loans issued under unique provisions in 2008 (2008 CDLs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flood Risk Management and Levees: A Federal Primer

Flood Risk Management and Levees: A Federal Primer

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides a primer on responsibilities for flood management, describes the role of federal agencies, and discusses flood issues before the 110th Congress. The report also discusses the legislative response to Hurricane Katrina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Natural Catastrophe Exposure: Issues and Options for Improving Risk Transfer Markets

Financing Natural Catastrophe Exposure: Issues and Options for Improving Risk Transfer Markets

Date: August 15, 2013
Creator: King, R. O.
Description: This report opens with an examination of the current role of private insurers in managing disaster risk and their capacity and willingness to deal with the rising cost of financing recovery and reconstruction following natural disasters. The report then examines the current role of federal, state, and local governments in managing disaster risk.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commercial Fishery Disaster Assistance

Commercial Fishery Disaster Assistance

Date: May 2, 2008
Creator: Upton, Harold F.
Description: This report discusses disaster relief for commercial fishery, which be provided by the federal government to assist the fishing industry when it is affected by a commercial fishery failure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department