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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Flooding Events: CRS Experts

Flooding Events: CRS Experts

Date: June 27, 2012
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for Congressional Research Service (CRS) experts on policy concerns relating to flooding events in the United States. Policy areas identified include impacts, response and recovery, mitigation, and federal financing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Evacuation and Displacement Policy: Issues for Congress

Disaster Evacuation and Displacement Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2005
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: The devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina reaches beyond the borders of the states directly affected by the wind, rain, and floods. Before the storm reached the coast, thousands of residents of Louisiana and Mississippi evacuated to other states, including Texas and Oklahoma. Many people, for a variety of reasons, chose to disregard the mandatory evacuation orders issued by state and local officials. In general, evacuation policy is set and enforced by state and local officials. Federal policy provides for various aspects of civilian evacuation. As Members of Congress explore the challenges and losses in the states affected directly or indirectly by Hurricane Katrina, they may be called upon to consider federal policy options to more fully integrate federal and state authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Initiatives to Temporarily Relocate Federal Courts Interrupted by Natural or Man-Made Disasters, 109th Congress

Legislative Initiatives to Temporarily Relocate Federal Courts Interrupted by Natural or Man-Made Disasters, 109th Congress

Date: September 8, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

Date: June 12, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: The present capability and future effectiveness of America's network of emergency telecommunications services are among the issues under review by Congress and other entities. As technologies that can support 911 improve, many are seeing the possibility of integrating 911 into a wider safety net of emergency communications and alerts. One of the intents of Congress in passing the Wireless Communications and Public Safety Act of 1999, and of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in implementing the act, is to make 911 technology universally available throughout the United States. Legislation in the 109th Congress covering 911 or call centers all focus on assuring access to 911 call centers for users of Voice over Internet protocol (VOIP) telephone service and on improving the delivery of 911 services nationwide. This report reviews key points about the implementation of 911.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program: Preparing for the "Big One"

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program: Preparing for the "Big One"

Date: February 23, 2000
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Mitigation Assistance Bills in the 106th Congress: Comparison of Provisions

Disaster Mitigation Assistance Bills in the 106th Congress: Comparison of Provisions

Date: May 5, 2000
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: The Administration initiative to shift federal emergency management policy away from a "response and recovery" emphasis has generated little congressional controversy, although some have raised concerns about the cost effectiveness of implementing a mitigation strategy. Greater attention, it is generally argued, should be given to mitigation (loss reduction) efforts before disasters occur in order to reduce future losses. Legislation (H.R. 707, S. 1691) pending before the 106th Congress would amend the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) which authorizes federal assistance when the President declares that a catastrophe has overwhelmed state and local resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses U.S. warning systems and related disaster management programs in place to prepare for and react to tsunamis. This issue is discussed in relation to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses U.S. warning systems and related disaster management programs in place to prepare for and react to tsunamis. This issue is discussed in relation to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, the effectiveness of America's communications capabilities in support of the information needs of first responders and other public safety workers has been a matter of concern to Congress. Most public safety advocates consider that the communications failures following the onslaught of Hurricane Katrina demonstrate that there is much still to be done to provide the United States with adequate communications capabilities in emergencies. This report explores several pieces of legislation aimed at improving the emergency management the emergency communications infrastructure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita created staggering problems and challenging conditions for the people of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, as well as for the state and local governments there. Many problems were immediately apparent, whereas others that involved ongoing government functions, such as elections, were less obvious at first. This report discusses the challenge of running elections in the many affected communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Military Commissions Act of 2009: Overview and Legal Issues

The Military Commissions Act of 2009: Overview and Legal Issues

Date: April 6, 2010
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and its financial status, summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency, presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

Date: February 20, 2015
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report provides an introduction to U.S. Tsunami warning centers and discusses the national Tsunami hazard mitigation program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: In 1968, Congress created the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to address the increasing costs of taxpayer-funded disaster relief for flood victims and the increasing amount of damage caused by floods. This report provides an analysis of the NFIP and its financial status; summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency; presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses; and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

Date: June 22, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the NFIP and its financial status, summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency, presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

Date: March 4, 2011
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: In 1968, Congress created the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to address the increasing costs of taxpayer-funded disaster relif for flood victims and the increasing amount of damage caused by floods. This report provides an analysis of the NFIP and its financial status; summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency; presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses; and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: In 1968, Congress created the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to address the increasing costs of taxpayer-funded disaster relif for flood victims and the increasing amount of damage caused by floods. This report provides an analysis of the NFIP and its financial status; summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency; presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses; and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status

Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and its financial status; summarizes the major challenges facing the program, including issues affecting its long-term financial solvency; presents some alternative approaches for managing and financing the flood losses; and describes pending legislation on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S.2845 and H.R. 10, 108th Congress

First Responder Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S.2845 and H.R. 10, 108th Congress

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department