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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: May 16, 2006
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Chite, Ralph M
Description: This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: May 16, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: In response to the widespread destruction caused by Hurricane Katrina, the 109th Congress enacted two FY2005 emergency supplemental appropriations bills, which together provide $62.3 billion for emergency response and recovery needs. However, the funding streams of these appropriated funds and amounts for disaster recovery have changed and appear likely to undergo further changes, largely at the request of the Administration. This report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: May 8, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers several permanently authorized programs to help farmers recover financially from a natural disaster, including federal crop insurance, the noninsured assistance program, and emergency disaster loans. Since 1988, Congress regularly has made supplemental financial assistance available to farmers and ranchers, primarily in the form of crop disaster payments and emergency livestock assistance. The Senate-passed version of a pending FY2006 supplemental appropriations bill (H.R. 4939) contains an adopted committee amendment that would provide an estimated additional $3.9 billion in various forms of farm assistance, including payments for major crop and livestock losses caused by any 2005 disaster, such as the drought in portions of the Midwest and Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the Gulf.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Intergrating 911 and Other Services

An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Intergrating 911 and Other Services

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: The 9/11 Commission Report recommended that 911 call centers — also called Public Safety Answering Points, or PSAPs — be included in planning for emergency responses.1 Congress, which has since 1999 passed two bills to further the deployment of 911, is reviewing ways to expand 911 capabilities and make it more accessible and effective. Congress is also evaluating ways to improve emergency alerts2 and interoperable communications for public safety.3 Operational convergence of emergency communications seems to many to be inevitable, a question of “when,” not “if.” This report deals primarily with 911 and its recent history. It also summarizes some of the proposals that would improve 911 through new approaches and integration with other services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita created staggering problems and challenging conditions for the people of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, as well as for the state and local governments there. Many problems were immediately apparent, whereas others that involved ongoing government functions, such as elections, were less obvious at first. This report discusses the challenge of running elections in the many affected communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: April 28, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act), which authorizes the President to issue major disaster or emergency declarations in response to catastrophes that overwhelm state and local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report is an overview of the major training activities and facilities of the federal departments and agencies that provide counter-terrorism training. It identifies some of the issues associated with the training, including the possible duplication of federal counter-terrorism training programs; determination of Department of Homeland Security counterterrorism training priorities; and possible redundancy and coordination of DHS counter-terrorism training programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses FY2006 supplemental appropriations for Iraq and other international activities, as well as Katrina hurricane relief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil and Gas Disruption From Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Oil and Gas Disruption From Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence C & Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries' Responses

International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries' Responses

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cook, Nicolas; Dumbaugh, Kerry; Lum, Thomas; Manyine, Mark E; Nichol, Jim et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Date: March 24, 2006
Creator: Kronenfeld, Daniel & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: The powerful earthquake struck northern Pakistan and India damaged the homes of as many as three million people, forcing many of them to search for alternative means of shelter. The full extent of the destruction remains unknown because government authorities and relief organizations continue to have difficulty accessing some remote locations. As of the date of this report, the United States government (USG) has pledged $410 million toward the relief effort, almost all of it to assisting Pakistan, which remains a key U.S. ally in the war against terror. So far, about 35% of this pledge has been committed. Some aid agencies are saying that the country needs a great deal more aid than it is getting, and warn that the economic impact of the disaster will surpass $5.2 billion. This burden may contribute toward long-term instability in an area perceived to be of critical importance to the United States in the war on terror.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NEPA and Hurricane Response, Recovery, and Rebuilding Efforts

NEPA and Hurricane Response, Recovery, and Rebuilding Efforts

Date: March 24, 2006
Creator: Luther, Linda G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: March 21, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses FY2006 supplemental appropriations for Iraq and other international activities, as well as Katrina hurricane relief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses FY2006 supplemental appropriations for Iraq and other international activities, as well as Katrina hurricane relief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M. & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the two separate FY2006 supplemental appropriations requests submitted on February 16, 2006. The first, totaling $72.4 billion, would fund ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan ($67.9 billion), non-DOD intelligence operations ($0.3 billion), State Department operations in Iraq and various foreign aid programs, including additional assistance for Iraq ($4.2 billion), and other counter-terrorism funding for other agencies ($12 million). The other supplemental would provide $19.8 billion for recovery and reconstruction activities in hurricane affected Gulf Coast areas. Thus, Congress is to consider during the early months of 2006 a combined spending proposal of $92.2 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises: Issues for the 109th Congress

State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: February 23, 2006
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

Date: February 23, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program

FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: Noto, Nonna A & Maguire, Steven
Description: Areas struck by disasters, both natural and man-made, often experience a destruction of property and decline in economic activity. Tax collections for affected local governments may fall substantially as a consequence. At the same time, the financial and public service obligations of local governments persist and may actually increase. The unexpected loss of revenue coupled with the increased financial needs for responding to a natural disaster or terrorist act may lead local governments to seek assistance from the federal government. This report examines the federal Community Disaster Loan (CDL) program, authorized by Section 417 of the Stafford Act and administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The CDL program is intended to assist local governments that experience revenue losses and/or increased municipal operating expenses as the result of a presidentially declared major disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department