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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: In response to the widespread destruction caused by Hurricane Katrina, the 109th Congress enacted two FY2005 emergency supplemental appropriations bills, which together provided $62.3 billion for emergency response and recovery needs. This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Date: August 18, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steve
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) established U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) to fight terrorism at home. Significant organizational and procedural progress has been made in setting up this organization. However, questions remain concerning interagency relationships and information sharing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Date: August 18, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM), which was established by the Department of Defense (DOD) to fight terrorism at home. Significant organizational and procedural progress has been made in setting up this organization. However, questions remain concerning interagency relationships and information sharing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Federal Troops for Disaster Assistance: Legal Issues

The Use of Federal Troops for Disaster Assistance: Legal Issues

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: Hurricane Katrina raised questions concerning the President's legal authority to send active duty military forces into a disaster area and the permissible functions the military can perform to protect life and property and maintain order. This report summarizes the possible constitutional and statutory authorities and constraints relevant to the use of armed forces, including National Guard units in federal service, to provide assistance to states when a natural disaster impedes the operation of state and local police. This report also addresses proposed legislation, including H.R. 5122 (S. 2766).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Grants: Evolution of Program Guidance and Grant Allocation Methods

Homeland Security Grants: Evolution of Program Guidance and Grant Allocation Methods

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This CRS report explains the evolving administrative guidance that governs the three homeland security assistance programs, discusses the changing DHS requirements for grant applications and subsequent reporting by recipients, describes the DHS grant allocation methods, and identifies pertinent oversight questions that may be of interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparation Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: Arguably, the three most important homeland security public laws enacted following the terrorist attacks on September 2001 are the USA PATRIOT Act, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. This report describes each of these pieces of legislation and their respective domestic security enhancements. Many important state and local homeland security policy issues remain, separate from these three laws, which the 109th Congress might address. This report also describes these such issues, which include unmet emergency responder needs, absence of emergency responder equipment standards, and the development of state and local homeland security strategies, among others.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, the effectiveness of America's communications capabilities in support of the information needs of first responders and other public safety workers has been a matter of concern to Congress. Most public safety advocates consider that the communications failures following the onslaught of Hurricane Katrina demonstrate that there is much still to be done to provide the United States with adequate communications capabilities in emergencies. This report explores several pieces of legislation aimed at improving the emergency management the emergency communications infrastructure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications Policy

Public Safety Communications Policy

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: July 18, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is built on a structure conceived in the 1950s when over-the-air broadcasting was the best-available technology for widely disseminating emergency alerts. Bills in the 109th Congress that would improve emergency alert systems, domestically and internationally, include S. 50 (Senator Inouye) and H.R. 296 (Representative Menendez); these bills were prompted by the tsunami disaster but include measures that also apply to the need for a better all-hazard warning system in the United States. The report summarizes the technology and administration of EAS and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/National Weather Service (NWS) all-hazard network, new programs in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and some of the key proposals for change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is one of several federally managed warning systems. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) jointly administers EAS with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), in cooperation with the National Weather Service (NWS), an organization within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The NOAA/NWS weather radio system has been upgraded to an all-hazard warning capability. This report summarizes the technology and administration of EAS and the NOAA/NWS all-hazard network, and some of the key proposals for change
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Emergency Communications: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is one of several federally managed warning systems. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) jointly administers EAS with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), in cooperation with the National Weather Service (NWS), an organization within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The NOAA/NWS weather radio system has been upgraded to an all-hazard warning capability. This report summarizes the technology and administration of EAS and the NOAA/NWS all-hazard network, and some of the key proposals for change
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith & Hogue, Henry B
Description: In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Members of Congress and others raised questions about the scope and reach of federal emergency management policies, the procedures used to administer federal statutory authorities, the qualifications of personnel, and other issues. Most of the questions focused on the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the agency primarily responsible for coordinating federal and non-federal disaster response activities. This report provides information on provisions of the Senate-approved amendment (S.Amdt. 4560) to the FY2007 appropriations bill, H.R. 5316, and H.R. 5351 that address concerns identified after Hurricane Katrina. To provide a context for information on the legislation, this report first summarizes findings and recommendations of the congressional and White House studies pertinent to the pending legislation reported from the House committees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department