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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report examines the various ways Congress and other federal, state, and local policymakers are considering to prepare for and respond to drought; how to coordinate actions and assign responsibilities; and who bears the costs of impacts, disaster response, and long-term adjustment to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. The report also talks about the funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) Act, which authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X.; Hoover, Katie & Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the Fire Management Assistance Grant, which authorized by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act provides various forms of federal assistance such as the provision of equipment, personnel, and grants to state, local, and tribal governments for the control, management, and mitigation of any fire on certain public or private forest land or grassland that might become a major disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: August 13, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States, specifically examining the health-related grounds for exclusion. It provides this information in the context of recent outbreaks of communicable diseases abroad such as Ebola in West Africa, avian influenza in China, polio in the middle east, and dengue fever in the Caribbean.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Evolution of Strategic Review

2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Evolution of Strategic Review

Date: August 6, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: The quadrennial homeland security review is a process in which DHS examines the nation's homeland security strategy; the report provides an explanation of this process. Neither the review process nor the report to Congress is a strategy, instead the 2014 QHSR (both the process and report) are part of the constant reevaluation of the nation's homeland security and part of the process by which the combined National and Homeland Security Staff develops the next iteration of the national security strategy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: July 8, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. The report also talks about the funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Project BioShield Act: Issues for the 113th Congress

The Project BioShield Act: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: June 18, 2014
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Project BioShield authorities and appropriations, identifies the medical countermeasures obtained through Project BioShield, reviews the relationship between Project BioShield and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), and discusses policy issues for congressional policy makers and related legislation in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

Date: June 10, 2014
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the responsibility of four federal agencies for long-term earthquake risk reduction under the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) and current legislation aiming to appropriate more funds to the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Is It a Health Emergency?

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Is It a Health Emergency?

Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report describes key Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) response activities and the emergency authorities available to health officials when routine activities are insufficient to address a public health threat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: May 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) Act, which was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). It includes background of the SAFER Act, appropriations from FY2011-FY2013, reauthorization of the program in the House and Senate, and information about program implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: May 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report describes and analyzes the United States Fire Administration's (USFA's) FY2013 budget proposal, as well as related information and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues

FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues

Date: May 7, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the declaration process and the types of declarations that can be issued under the Stafford Act: (1) emergency and major disaster declarations, and (2) Fire Management Assistance Grants. The report also examines how the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) is financed and analyzes the issues related to the DRF, including the debate over supplemental appropriations, how the DRF is budgeted, and the influence the Budget Control Act has had on the DRF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies

Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report covers the role of the government in disaster management. While the disaster response and recovery process is fundamentally a relationship between the federal government and the requesting state government, there are roles for congressional offices to play in providing information to the federal/state response and recovery teams in their respective states and districts, and as a source of accurate and timely information to their constituents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds. It describes this issue in relation to the recent outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 ("swine flu") virus, and how the outbreak has affected various government agencies, such as the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This report also discusses efforts to confront and address related issues on a legislative front.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of S. 2198: Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Analysis of S. 2198: Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Date: April 24, 2014
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report discusses the Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014, which would address drought impacts in California and other states, and assist with drought response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of S. 2198: Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Analysis of S. 2198: Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Carter, Nicole T. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report discusses S. 2198, which would address drought impacts in California and other states, and assist with drought response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the stormwater problems that occur because rainwater that once soaked into the ground now runs off hard surfaces like rooftops, parking lots, and streets in excessive amounts. The report also discusses a framework document, intended to provide communities with flexibility to prioritize needed water infrastructure investments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: March 20, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. The report also talks about the funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: March 20, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report describes and analyzes the United States Fire Administration's (USFA's) FY2013 budget proposal, as well as related information and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Date: March 3, 2014
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines legislative efforts in Congress to delay the gradual phase-out of subsidized flood insurance premiums, which is required under Sections 100205 and 100207 of P.L. 112-141, the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform and Modernization Act of 2012. This new law extended the authorization for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for five years, through September 30, 2017, while requiring significant program reforms affecting flood insurance, flood hazard mapping, and floodplains management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Cowan, Tadlock & Barrett, Joanna
Description: This report discusses droughts in relation to several issues for Congress, including how to measure and predict drought, how to prepare, and how to coordinate federal agency actions responding to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department