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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses U.S. warning systems and related disaster management programs in place to prepare for and react to tsunamis. This issue is discussed in relation to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), a program under which the federal government supports efforts to assess and monitor earthquake hazards and risk in the United States. This report also discusses earthquake hazards and risk in the United States; federal programs that support earthquake monitoring; the U.S. capability to detect earthquakes and issue notifications and warnings; and federally supported research to improve the fundamental scientific understanding of earthquakes with a goal of reducing U.S. vulnerability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses U.S. warning systems and related disaster management programs in place to prepare for and react to tsunamis. This issue is discussed in relation to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan 2011 Earthquake: U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) Response

Japan 2011 Earthquake: U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) Response

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Feickert, Andrew & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses the United States' Department of Defense's (DOD) Japan 2011 Earthquake relief efforts, designated "Operation Tomodachi," which is Japanese for "friend." The report includes an overview of the situation, funding for DOD efforts, naval activities, air activities, and a historical overview of U.S. military presence in Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power Plant Sites: Maps of Seismic Hazards and Population Centers

Nuclear Power Plant Sites: Maps of Seismic Hazards and Population Centers

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report gives a map of current commercial nuclear power plants and their relation to seismic hazards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about the risk from earthquakes to highway systems, including bridges, tunnels, pavements, and other highway components. Particular attention is given to highway bridges, which often are the most vulnerable highway structures. The report also discusses federal and nonfederal actions to reduce seismic risk to the U.S. highway system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fukushima Nuclear Crisis

Fukushima Nuclear Crisis

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Campbell, Richard J. & Holt, Mark
Description: This report briefly discusses the March 11, 2001 earthquake off the east coast of Honshu, Japan's largest island. The earthquake caused an automatic shutdown of eleven of Japan's fifty-five operating nuclear power plants, though the plants closest to the earthquake's epicenter, Fukushima and Onagawa, were damaged by the earthquake and resulting tsunami. This report also discusses efforts by the United States and other countries to provide assistance to Japan to deal with the nuclear crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce A. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the DRF, including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: April 20, 2011
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program, which was established by Title XVII of the FY2001 National Defense Authorization Act. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program. Current debates on the issue revolve around a competition for funding between career/urban/suburban departments and volunteer/rural departments. Complicating the issue is the recent economic downturn, which has left many local communities increasingly hard pressed to allocate funding for their local fire departments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department