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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7528/
General Services Administration Federal Facilities Affected by Hurricane Katrina
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7653/
Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7654/
NEPA and Hurricane Response, Recovery, and Rebuilding Efforts
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Emergency Waiver of EPA Regulations: Authorities and Legislative Proposals in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
This report reviews some of the environmental laws that could affect response and recovery actions, discusses existing waiver authority, and identifies issues raised by proposals to grant new waiver authority. The focus of the report is on regulatory programs administered by EPA, including the Clean Water Act, Superfund, and the Clean Air Act. In the short term, in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, environmental regulations do not appear to have posed an obstacle to local, state, federal, or private response efforts, in part because existing waiver or flexibility provisions were used in certain cases. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7640/
Hurricanes Katrina
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U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues
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Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Fishing and Aquaculture Industries - Damage and Recovery
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Hurricane Katrina-Related Immigration Issues and Legislation
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The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources
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Rural Housing: USDA Disaster Relief Provisions
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Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery
In the aftermath of previous, presidentially-declared disasters, Congress has used the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to help states and local governments finance recovery efforts, whether from natural or man-made disasters. This report will provide a general overview of the CDBG program and its use in disaster relief. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7760/
FY2006 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security
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War Bonds in the Second World War: A Model for Hurricane Recovery Bonds?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7755/
Oil and Gas Disruption from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
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Disaster Response and the Appointment of a Recovery Czar: The Executive Branch's Response to the Flood of 1927
This report describes the flood of 1927, and assesses the federal government’s response thereto. In short, the federal response was an executive branch response. President Calvin Coolidge created a quasi-governmental commission that included members of his Cabinet and the American National Red Cross. This commission encouraged the public to donate funds to the relief effort. It also gave Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover near-absolute authority to organize and oversee its response. Hoover used this authority to weave together federal resources, American National Red Cross volunteers, and the private sector to carry out the relief and recovery program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7642/
Flood Risk Management: Federal Role in Infrastructure
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Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief
This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7813/
Hurricane Katrina Recovery: Contracts Awarded by the Federal Government
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Pandemic Influenza: Domestic Preparedness Efforts
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The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the State Budgets of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi
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Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq: Effects and Countermeasures
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Federal Hurricane Recovery Coordinator: Appointment and Oversight Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7979/
The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations
The powerful earthquake struck northern Pakistan and India damaged the homes of as many as three million people, forcing many of them to search for alternative means of shelter. The full extent of the destruction remains unknown because government authorities and relief organizations continue to have difficulty accessing some remote locations. As of the date of this report, the United States government (USG) has pledged $410 million toward the relief effort, almost all of it to assisting Pakistan, which remains a key U.S. ally in the war against terror. So far, about 35% of this pledge has been committed. Some aid agencies are saying that the country needs a great deal more aid than it is getting, and warn that the economic impact of the disaster will surpass $5.2 billion. This burden may contribute toward long-term instability in an area perceived to be of critical importance to the United States in the war on terror. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8257/
Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
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Reallocation of Hurricanes Katrina Emergency Appropriations: Defense and Other Issues
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Reimbursement of Local Private Nonprofit Organizations Under the Stafford Act
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HUD's Response to Hurricane Katrina
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9165/
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data FY1989 to FY2005
This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. More recently, Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the Gulf Coast of the United States on August 29, 2005, as a Category 3 hurricane after passing over South Florida as a Category 1 hurricane on August 25, 2005. In response, on September 2, 2005, President Bush signed into law a $10.5 billion supplemental appropriations measure, P.L. 109-61, which provided disaster assistance funds for the affected areas. On September 9, 2005, the President signed into law a second supplemental measure totaling $51.8 billion in appropriations, P.L. 109-62. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) administers most of these funds. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8126/
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
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U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
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Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action
This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8350/
Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection
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2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response
In response to a series of disasters (namely, the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita) and terrorist attacks (namely, the 2001 terror attacks) over the past decade, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments, and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation's public health system were introduced in comprehensive legislation in 2002. Congress also created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, and a new National Response Plan (NRP) was launched by DHS in December 2004. This report discusses the NRP and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10363/
2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response
This report discusses the National Response Plan (NRP) and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Serivces (HHS) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9707/
FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Distribution Methods: Issues for the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9161/
Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9229/
Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8479/
An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services
The 9/11 Commission Report recommended that 911 call centers — also called Public Safety Answering Points, or PSAPs — be included in planning for emergency responses.1 Congress, which has since 1999 passed two bills to further the deployment of 911, is reviewing ways to expand 911 capabilities and make it more accessible and effective. Congress is also evaluating ways to improve emergency alerts2 and interoperable communications for public safety.3 Operational convergence of emergency communications seems to many to be inevitable, a question of “when,” not “if.” This report deals primarily with 911 and its recent history. It also summarizes some of the proposals that would improve 911 through new approaches and integration with other services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8774/
FEMA's Flood Hazard Map Modernization Initiative
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Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues
The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, known as the 9/11 Commission, recommended that Congress and the Transportation Security Administration give priority attention to screening airline passengers for explosives. The key issue for Congress is balancing the costs of mandating passenger explosives trace detection against other aviation security needs. Passenger explosives screening technologies have been under development for several years and are now being deployed in selected airports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8938/
FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8488/
FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9157/
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8477/
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8652/
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8675/
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8852/
State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises: Issues for the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9265/
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8853/
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8854/