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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Analysis of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013

Analysis of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013

Date: March 11, 2013
Creator: Brown, Jared T.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes the provisions of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013. In general, these provisions amend the Stafford Act with a stated goal of improving the efficiency and quality of disaster assistance provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
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Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report focuses on options for protecting structures, wildlands, and natural resources from wildfires. It begins with a brief overview of the nature of wildfires, followed by a discussion of protecting structures. Then it discusses wildfire damages to wildlands and natural resources; fuel treatment options and their benefits and limitations; and public involvement in federal decisions.
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Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Painter, William L. & Brown, Jared T.
Description: In late October 2012, Hurricane Sandy impacted a wide swath of the East Coast of the United States, resulting in more than 120 deaths and the major disaster declarations for 12 states plus the District of Columbia. The Administration submitted a request to Congress on December 7, 2012, for $60.4 billion in supplemental funding and legislative provisions to address both the immediate losses and damages from Hurricane Sandy, as well as to mitigate the damage from future disasters in the impacted region. This summary report analyzes the Administration's request, the House-passed legislation, and the Senate position as reflected in Senate-amended H.R. 1 from the 112th Congress.
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Federal Liability for Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects

Federal Liability for Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects

Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report examines selected issues of the federal government's liability depending on the theory of the levee failures, and analyzes legal defenses available to the federal government. The report uses flood damage related to Hurricane Katrina as an illustration of these legal issues regarding federal liability, but the general principles in the analysis would apply to flood damage resulting from any such flood control project.
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Homeland Emergency Preparedness and the National Exercise Program: Background, Policy Implications, and Issues for Congress

Homeland Emergency Preparedness and the National Exercise Program: Background, Policy Implications, and Issues for Congress

Date: November 10, 2008
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Lindsay, Bruce R.; Kapp, Lawrence; Liu, Edward C. & Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report provides an overview of emergency preparedness authorities and guidance; development and management of the National Exercise Program (NEP); and current exercise planning, scheduling, and evaluation processes. Additionally, it provides analysis of national preparedness policy issues and exercise operations issues that Congress might wish to consider.
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Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: February 22, 2013
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. The report also talks about the funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government.
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FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the issues with the housing policies of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), particularly as they relate to the Post-Katrina Act of 2006 and the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Plan. It includes an overview of the Stafford Act sections 403 and 408 as well as a breakdown of issues for Congress and possible Congressional approaches to address the policies.
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Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since 1989 after significant catastrophes. It includes funds appropriated to the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as well as funds appropriated to other departments and agencies. This report uses a broad concept of what constitutes emergency disaster assistance. The funds cited in this report include appropriations for disaster relief, repair of federal facilities, and hazard mitigation activities directed at reducing the impact of future disasters.
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An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report deals primarily with 911 and its recent history. It discusses the existing situation of 911's capacity to respond in emergencies, some proposals to improve the system, and recent legislative activity. Proposals include better connections between 911 call centers and emergency responders, building a more robust capacity, incorporating Internet protocols, developing the capacity for back-up call centers after disasters have occurred, and coordinating 911 with other types of call centers, such as the 211 centers that provide municipal services.
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Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X.; Hoover, Katie & Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the Fire Management Assistance Grant, which authorized by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act provides various forms of federal assistance such as the provision of equipment, personnel, and grants to state, local, and tribal governments for the control, management, and mitigation of any fire on certain public or private forest land or grassland that might become a major disaster.
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