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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) that is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M. & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the two separate FY2006 supplemental appropriations requests submitted on February 16, 2006. The first, totaling $72.4 billion, would fund ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan ($67.9 billion), non-DOD intelligence operations ($0.3 billion), State Department operations in Iraq and various foreign aid programs, including additional assistance for Iraq ($4.2 billion), and other counter-terrorism funding for other agencies ($12 million). The other supplemental would provide $19.8 billion for recovery and reconstruction activities in hurricane affected Gulf Coast areas. Thus, Congress is to consider during the early months of 2006 a combined spending proposal of $92.2 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita created staggering problems and challenging conditions for the people of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, as well as for the state and local governments there. Many problems were immediately apparent, whereas others that involved ongoing government functions, such as elections, were less obvious at first. This report discusses the challenge of running elections in the many affected communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), which is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses guidance from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) on the various human resources (HR) flexibilities available to federal departments and agencies to facilitate management in emergency situations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Date: September 15, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Managing stormwater is one of the biggest and most expensive problems facing cities across the United States. This report discusses legislation that has been introduced to support research and implementation of green/innovative stormwater infrastructure. Overall, many in Congress remain concerned about how municipalities will pay for needed investments in water infrastructure projects generally—not limited to green infrastructure—and what role the federal government can and should play in those efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) directs the Department of Homeland Security to place high priority on developing and deploying equipment for passenger explosives screening; requires TSA to submit a strategic plan for deploying such equipment; and authorizes additional research funding. It also requires that passengers who are selected for additional screening be screened for explosives, as an interim measure until all passengers can be screened for explosives. Congressional interest in this topic continues in the 109th Congress. This report discusses the current state of passenger explosives trace detection, ongoing federal R&D efforts and pilot equipment deployments, and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Date: September 21, 2011
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the CDBG program, which administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the federal government’s largest and most widely available source of financial assistance to support state and local government-directed neighborhood revitalization, housing rehabilitation, and economic development activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report examines the various ways Congress and other federal, state, and local policymakers are considering to prepare for and respond to drought; how to coordinate actions and assign responsibilities; and who bears the costs of impacts, disaster response, and long-term adjustment to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the key policy objectives of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that were threefold: (1) reduce the nation's flood risk through floodplain management; (2) improve flood hazard data and risk assessment by mapping the nation's floodplains; and (3) make affordable flood insurance widely available in communities that adopt and enforce measures to make future construction safer from flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses issues associated with debris removal operations after a disaster on the scale of Katrina. In particular, it discusses why debris removal was an ongoing concern months after the hurricane, as well as factors that make debris removal such a costly, complex operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: February 16, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes key provisions of the FY2005 program guidance, with special attention to differences from the FY2003 and FY2004 editions. This report also discusses issues regarding methods used to allocate federal homeland security assistance and authorized expenditures of homeland security assistance programs, and it analyzes options Congress may wish to consider for resolving those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Date: June 7, 2011
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report examines federal liability for flood damage and analyzes legal defenses available to the federal government. Specifically, it provides an overview of the discretionary function exemption under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) and immunity under the Flood Control Act of 1928 (FCA) as applied to Corps projects. The report also considers the Corps’ potential liability for damages caused by levee failure during Hurricane Katrina and the activation of floodways during the 2011 Mississippi flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P & Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report discusses the following: Medicaid’s rules on eligibility, benefits, and financing in the context of current questions and issues raised by Hurricane Katrina. Recent state actions in response to Medicaid issues raised by the hurricane. Federal Medicaid waiver authority, including information on current activity in this area and the New York Disaster Relief Medicaid waiver granted in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Current federal legislation related to Medicaid and Hurricane Katrina relief efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses legislation addressing communications among first responders and the issues such as interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses topics in respect to tsunami disaster warnings for the United States, discussions ensued between the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) about developing a multi-hazard warning and response system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses U.S. and international disaster assistance to Haiti following storms in August and September 2008 which caused widespread devastation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report examines the constitutional rules governing federal funding for religious buildings and analyzes the Court's previous decisions on this issue. It also analyzes more recent lower court and administrative opinions that have distinguished the Court's decisions and allowed public funds to be awarded to houses of worship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Stern, Charles V.; Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Cody, Betsy A.; Carter, Nicole T. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of S. 1894, as introduced, and H.R. 2898, as passed by the House for conservation of fish species and their habitats in drought-stricken areas. It identifies comparable provisions between the two bills and discusses some of the ways in which those provisions overlap or differ. It also summarizes selected other major provisions in each bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Date: March 21, 2005
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report summarizes the extent of the disaster and relief effort and includes descriptions of the U.S. and international assistance efforts. It also examines protection mechanisms for children and separated orphans. A section is devoted to the situation in each of the affected countries followed by an analysis of selected issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in the appropriations act in recent years as "Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department