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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Communications Legislation, 2002-2006: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation, 2002-2006: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: December 14, 2006
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, several bills introduced in the U.S. Congress have included provisions to assist emergency communications. Key provisions from a number of these bills have become law. This report summarizes progress in developing legislation, especially in the 109th Congress, in three areas of emergency communications: communications among first responders and other emergency personnel; emergency warnings and alerts; and 911 call centers and systems. Each area could be the subject of further consideration in the 110th Congress, through oversight, additional legislation, or funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: March 19, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, several bills introduced in the U.S. Congress have included provisions to assist emergency communications. Key provisions from a number of these bills have become law. This report discusses legislation addressing communications among first responders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: April 24, 2007
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, several bills introduced in the U.S. Congress have included provisions to assist emergency communications. Key provisions from a number of these bills have become law. This report summarizes progress in developing legislation, especially in the 109th Congress, in three areas of emergency communications: communications among first responders and other emergency personnel; emergency warnings and alerts; and 911 call centers and systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: May 10, 2007
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: May 16, 2005
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

Date: December 12, 2006
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses proposals for international tsunami early warning systems and examines U.S. policy regarding tsunamis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance After Hurricanes and Other Disasters: FY2004 and FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations

Assistance After Hurricanes and Other Disasters: FY2004 and FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations

Date: October 8, 2004
Creator: Bea, Keith & Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report presents summary information on the requests and congressional action for supplemental disaster relief funding for FY2004.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) that is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M. & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the two separate FY2006 supplemental appropriations requests submitted on February 16, 2006. The first, totaling $72.4 billion, would fund ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan ($67.9 billion), non-DOD intelligence operations ($0.3 billion), State Department operations in Iraq and various foreign aid programs, including additional assistance for Iraq ($4.2 billion), and other counter-terrorism funding for other agencies ($12 million). The other supplemental would provide $19.8 billion for recovery and reconstruction activities in hurricane affected Gulf Coast areas. Thus, Congress is to consider during the early months of 2006 a combined spending proposal of $92.2 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita created staggering problems and challenging conditions for the people of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, as well as for the state and local governments there. Many problems were immediately apparent, whereas others that involved ongoing government functions, such as elections, were less obvious at first. This report discusses the challenge of running elections in the many affected communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), which is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses guidance from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) on the various human resources (HR) flexibilities available to federal departments and agencies to facilitate management in emergency situations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Date: September 15, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Managing stormwater is one of the biggest and most expensive problems facing cities across the United States. This report discusses legislation that has been introduced to support research and implementation of green/innovative stormwater infrastructure. Overall, many in Congress remain concerned about how municipalities will pay for needed investments in water infrastructure projects generally—not limited to green infrastructure—and what role the federal government can and should play in those efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) directs the Department of Homeland Security to place high priority on developing and deploying equipment for passenger explosives screening; requires TSA to submit a strategic plan for deploying such equipment; and authorizes additional research funding. It also requires that passengers who are selected for additional screening be screened for explosives, as an interim measure until all passengers can be screened for explosives. Congressional interest in this topic continues in the 109th Congress. This report discusses the current state of passenger explosives trace detection, ongoing federal R&D efforts and pilot equipment deployments, and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Date: September 21, 2011
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the CDBG program, which administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the federal government’s largest and most widely available source of financial assistance to support state and local government-directed neighborhood revitalization, housing rehabilitation, and economic development activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report examines the various ways Congress and other federal, state, and local policymakers are considering to prepare for and respond to drought; how to coordinate actions and assign responsibilities; and who bears the costs of impacts, disaster response, and long-term adjustment to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the key policy objectives of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that were threefold: (1) reduce the nation's flood risk through floodplain management; (2) improve flood hazard data and risk assessment by mapping the nation's floodplains; and (3) make affordable flood insurance widely available in communities that adopt and enforce measures to make future construction safer from flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses issues associated with debris removal operations after a disaster on the scale of Katrina. In particular, it discusses why debris removal was an ongoing concern months after the hurricane, as well as factors that make debris removal such a costly, complex operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: February 16, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes key provisions of the FY2005 program guidance, with special attention to differences from the FY2003 and FY2004 editions. This report also discusses issues regarding methods used to allocate federal homeland security assistance and authorized expenditures of homeland security assistance programs, and it analyzes options Congress may wish to consider for resolving those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Date: June 7, 2011
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report examines federal liability for flood damage and analyzes legal defenses available to the federal government. Specifically, it provides an overview of the discretionary function exemption under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) and immunity under the Flood Control Act of 1928 (FCA) as applied to Corps projects. The report also considers the Corps’ potential liability for damages caused by levee failure during Hurricane Katrina and the activation of floodways during the 2011 Mississippi flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department