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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Elections in States Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita created staggering problems and challenging conditions for the people of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, as well as for the state and local governments there. Many problems were immediately apparent, whereas others that involved ongoing government functions, such as elections, were less obvious at first. This report discusses the challenge of running elections in the many affected communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Federal Employees: Human Resources Management Flexibilities in Emergency Situations

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses guidance from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) on the various human resources (HR) flexibilities available to federal departments and agencies to facilitate management in emergency situations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) directs the Department of Homeland Security to place high priority on developing and deploying equipment for passenger explosives screening; requires TSA to submit a strategic plan for deploying such equipment; and authorizes additional research funding. It also requires that passengers who are selected for additional screening be screened for explosives, as an interim measure until all passengers can be screened for explosives. Congressional interest in this topic continues in the 109th Congress. This report discusses the current state of passenger explosives trace detection, ongoing federal R&D efforts and pilot equipment deployments, and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Side-by-Side Comparison of Flood Insurance Reform Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 26, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the key policy objectives of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that were threefold: (1) reduce the nation's flood risk through floodplain management; (2) improve flood hazard data and risk assessment by mapping the nation's floodplains; and (3) make affordable flood insurance widely available in communities that adopt and enforce measures to make future construction safer from flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Disaster Debris Removal After Hurricane Katrina: Status and Associated Issues

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses issues associated with debris removal operations after a disaster on the scale of Katrina. In particular, it discusses why debris removal was an ongoing concern months after the hurricane, as well as factors that make debris removal such a costly, complex operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: February 16, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes key provisions of the FY2005 program guidance, with special attention to differences from the FY2003 and FY2004 editions. This report also discusses issues regarding methods used to allocate federal homeland security assistance and authorized expenditures of homeland security assistance programs, and it analyzes options Congress may wish to consider for resolving those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P & Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report discusses the following: Medicaid’s rules on eligibility, benefits, and financing in the context of current questions and issues raised by Hurricane Katrina. Recent state actions in response to Medicaid issues raised by the hurricane. Federal Medicaid waiver authority, including information on current activity in this area and the New York Disaster Relief Medicaid waiver granted in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Current federal legislation related to Medicaid and Hurricane Katrina relief efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses legislation addressing communications among first responders and the issues such as interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses topics in respect to tsunami disaster warnings for the United States, discussions ensued between the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) about developing a multi-hazard warning and response system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses U.S. and international disaster assistance to Haiti following storms in August and September 2008 which caused widespread devastation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Date: March 21, 2005
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report summarizes the extent of the disaster and relief effort and includes descriptions of the U.S. and international assistance efforts. It also examines protection mechanisms for children and separated orphans. A section is devoted to the situation in each of the affected countries followed by an analysis of selected issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the legislation addressing communications among first responders focused first on interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect -- with provisions in the Homeland Security Act (P.L. 107-296).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), and "Project Impact," a FEMA pilot program. It provides an overview of PDM, legislative history, funding and mitigation studies related to Hurricane Katrina, issues for Congress, and overall observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview

The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC), which is an agreement among member states to provide assistance after disasters overwhelm a state's capacity to manage consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

An Emergency Communications Safety Net: Integrating 911 and Other Services

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report deals primarily with 911 and its recent history. It discusses the existing situation of 911's capacity to respond in emergencies, some proposals to improve the system, and recent legislative activity. Proposals include better connections between 911 call centers and emergency responders, building a more robust capacity, incorporating Internet protocols, developing the capacity for back-up call centers after disasters have occurred, and coordinating 911 with other types of call centers, such as the 211 centers that provide municipal services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: February 26, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes several emergency management and homeland security programs, and identifies and analyzes potential issues for the 111th Congress. These issues include the purpose and number of assistance programs; the evaluation of the use of grant funding; the determination of eligible grant recipients; the programs' funding amounts; and the programs' funding distribution methodologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: February 10, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, citing other CRS Reports and sources of additional information. Key recent events--the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza ("flu") pandemic, among others--sharpened congressional interest in the nation's systems to track and respond to public health threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: October 10, 2008
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Flood Policy Challenges: Lessons from the 2008 Midwest Flood

Federal Flood Policy Challenges: Lessons from the 2008 Midwest Flood

Date: February 5, 2009
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides a primer on recent developments, the federal role in flood policy, and the limitations of levees and dams. It also discusses lessons from the 2008 Midwest flood compared to the 1993 flood, and the evolution of U.S. flood policy. It pays particular attention to the role of Congress and federal agencies and programs, and the available tools for addressing the nation's flood challenge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives After 15 Years: Issues for Congress

USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives After 15 Years: Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report discusses USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives' (OTI's) origin, its past and present activities, and issues about the program's impact, structure, and role within USAID that may be of interest to Congress. OTI's activities are overtly political, based on the idea that in the midst of political crisis and instability abroad there are local agents of change whose efforts, when supported by timely and creative U.S. assistance, can tip the balance toward peaceful and democratic outcomes that advance U.S. foreign policy objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department