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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: May 23, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Background of provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Primer on Major Disasters and Emergencies

Congressional Primer on Major Disasters and Emergencies

Date: August 31, 2011
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report covers the role of the government in disaster management. While the disaster response and recovery process is fundamentally a relationship between the federal government and the requesting state government, there are roles for congressional offices to play in providing information to the federal/state response and recovery teams in their respective states and districts. Congressional offices also serve as a valuable source of accurate and timely information to their constituents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program: History, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program: History, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report compares and analyzes three different categories of loans issued in different time periods in the program's history: "traditional" loans issued between 1974 and 2005, in 2007, and between 2009 and 2011 (TCDLs); "special" (SCDLs) loans issued in 2005-2006 following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita; and loans issued under unique provisions in 2008 (2008 CDLs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Date: June 6, 2011
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the options for federal support and assistance for areas affected by wildfire disaster including the period during wildfires, in the aftermath, and later for preventing a recurrence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Date: July 6, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report examines concerns expressed by policymakers and experts that current Stafford Act declarations are inadequate to respond to, and recover from, highly destructive events. It presents the arguments for and against amending the act to add a catastrophic declaration amendment. This report also includes data analyses of past and potential disasters to determine what incidents might be deemed as catastrophic, and explores alternative policy options that might obviate the need for catastrophic declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Date: July 5, 2011
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report looks at four issues dominating wildfire funding debates: the high cost of fire management, funding for fuel reduction, the federal role in protecting nonfederal lands, and post-fire rehabilitation. The Forest Service (FS) and the Department of the Interior (DOI) are responsible for protecting most federal lands from wildfires, however, many in Congress are concerned that wildfire costs are spiraling upward without a reduction in damages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: May 23, 2012
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: Since September 11, 2001, when communications failures contributed to the tragedies of the day, Congress has passed several laws intended to create a nationwide emergency communications capability. Yet the United States has continued to strive for a solution that assures seamless communications among first responders and emergency personnel at the scene of a major disaster. To address this problem, Congress included provisions in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96) for planning, building, and managing a new, nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications, and assigned additional spectrum to accommodate the new network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: In response to concerns over the adequacy of firefighter staffing, the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Act—popularly called the “SAFER Act”—was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). The SAFER Act authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards. Also authorized are grants to volunteer fire departments for recruitment and retention of volunteers. With the economic turndown adversely affecting budgets of local governments, concerns have arisen that modifications to the SAFER statute may be necessary to enable fire departments to more effectively participate in the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: January 3, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: In response to concerns over the adequacy of firefighter staffing, the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Act—popularly called the “SAFER Act”—was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). The SAFER Act authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards. Concern over local fire departments' budgetary problems has framed debate over the SAFER reauthorization, which is included in S. 550/H.R. 2269, the Fire Grants Authorization Act of 2011. Previously in the 111th Congress, reauthorization legislation for SAFER was passed by the House, but was not passed by the Senate. As part of the reauthorization debate, Congress may consider whether some SAFER rules and restrictions governing the hiring grants should be eliminated or altered in order to make it economically feasible for more fire departments to participate in the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department