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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance, and then addresses eligibility issues and program operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report contains information on how to ascertain if an individual is eligible for Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits, which are available only to those individuals who have become unemployed as a direct result of a declared major disaster. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state's UC agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Stafford Act declarations under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of assistance they could authorize in response to terrorist incidents. This report also provides examples of Stafford Act declarations that have been issued for previous terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the issue of stormwater, or runoff, which is considered largely a problem of excess rainwater or snowmelt impacting communities. Prevailing engineering practices were to move stormwater away from cities as rapidly as possible to avoid potential damages from flooding. More recently, these practices have evolved and come to recognize stormwater as a resource that, managed properly within communities, has multiple benefits.
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Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses a number of frequently asked questions about earthquake risk and highway system components, especially bridges. Earthquakes and related events, such as soil liquefaction, landslides, tsunamis, flooding, and fires, pose risks to highway infrastructure. Concerns about the U.S. highway system's seismic vulnerability stem from interest in protecting public safety, facilitating response and recovery efforts, and minimizing economic loss and social disruption.
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Private Flood Insurance in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Private Flood Insurance in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report briefly discusses federal law regarding flood insurance. By law or regulation, federal agencies, federally-regulated lending institutions, and government-sponsored enterprises must require certain property owners to purchase flood insurance as a condition of any mortgage that these entities make, guarantee, or purchase.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS)

Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS)

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Brown, Jared T. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS), which is the principal mechanism for accomplishing the flood risk management policies established by President Obama in Executive Order (E.O.) 13690. The FFRMS is a flood resilience standard that is required for "federally funded projects."
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The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the responsibility of four federal agencies for long-term earthquake risk reduction under the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Congress has not introduced legislation in the 114th Congress that addresses the NEHRP program directly.
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DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
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An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: The first section of this report addresses the pre-BCA (Budget Control Act) funding mechanism for major disaster declarations, including the role of the President's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). Next, this report provides a basic overview of how that funding mechanism has evolved under the BCA, and how Hurricane Sandy was addressed under that mechanism. Finally, the report explores a number of other issues pertinent to disaster relief funding in the BCA-regulated environment.
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Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: January 4, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the federal funding of firefighters, though most funding for firefighters is provided by state and local governments. During the 1990s, shortfalls in state and local budgets, coupled with increased responsibilities of local fire departments, led many in the fire community to call for additional financial support from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) that is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), which is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Green Infrastructure and Issues in Managing Urban Stormwater

Date: September 15, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Managing stormwater is one of the biggest and most expensive problems facing cities across the United States. This report discusses legislation that has been introduced to support research and implementation of green/innovative stormwater infrastructure. Overall, many in Congress remain concerned about how municipalities will pay for needed investments in water infrastructure projects generally—not limited to green infrastructure—and what role the federal government can and should play in those efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Date: September 21, 2011
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the CDBG program, which administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the federal government’s largest and most widely available source of financial assistance to support state and local government-directed neighborhood revitalization, housing rehabilitation, and economic development activities.
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Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Drought Policy, Response, and Preparedness

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report examines the various ways Congress and other federal, state, and local policymakers are considering to prepare for and respond to drought; how to coordinate actions and assign responsibilities; and who bears the costs of impacts, disaster response, and long-term adjustment to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Flood Damage Related to Army Corps of Engineers Projects: Selected Legal Issues

Date: June 7, 2011
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report examines federal liability for flood damage and analyzes legal defenses available to the federal government. Specifically, it provides an overview of the discretionary function exemption under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) and immunity under the Flood Control Act of 1928 (FCA) as applied to Corps projects. The report also considers the Corps’ potential liability for damages caused by levee failure during Hurricane Katrina and the activation of floodways during the 2011 Mississippi flooding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Federal Aid for Reconstruction of Houses of Worship: A Legal Analysis

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report examines the constitutional rules governing federal funding for religious buildings and analyzes the Court's previous decisions on this issue. It also analyzes more recent lower court and administrative opinions that have distinguished the Court's decisions and allowed public funds to be awarded to houses of worship.
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Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Drought Legislation: Comparison of Selected Provisions in H.R. 2898 and S. 1894

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Stern, Charles V.; Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Cody, Betsy A.; Carter, Nicole T. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of S. 1894, as introduced, and H.R. 2898, as passed by the House for conservation of fish species and their habitats in drought-stricken areas. It identifies comparable provisions between the two bills and discusses some of the ways in which those provisions overlap or differ. It also summarizes selected other major provisions in each bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in the appropriations act in recent years as "Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information and analysis of funding for federal wildfire suppression operations. It concludes by summarizing relevant legislative proposals introduced in the 114th Congress and discussing their possible implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report provides a summary of California's 2012-2015 drought including: comparisons, where applicable, to previous droughts; a summary of the key regulatory requirements that at certain times limit water deliveries (or exports) from the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers' Delta; and a brief discussion of California water rights with their relation to different types of federal contracts and their associated water allocations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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