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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment, public services, and public accommodations and services operated by private entities. Although the ADA does not include provisions specifically discussing its application to disasters, its nondiscrimination provisions are applicable to emergency preparedness and responses to disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Date: January 14, 2010
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses earthquake hazards and risk in the United States, federal programs that support earthquake monitoring, the U.S. capability to detect earthquakes and issue notifications and warnings, and federally-supported research to improve the fundamental scientific understanding of earthquakes with a goal of reducing U.S. vulnerability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the Haiti earthquake disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and All-Hazard Warnings

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the mainstays of the U.S. capacity to issue warnings: the Emergency Alert System (EAS), which relies primarily on broadcasting media, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio All-Hazards Network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Contributions for Haiti's Earthquake Victims

Charitable Contributions for Haiti's Earthquake Victims

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses the Haiti Assistance Income Tax Incentive Act (HAITI Act; H.R. 4462), a bill passed on January 20, 2010 to accelerate the income tax benefits for charitable cash contributions for the relief of earthquake victims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses earthquake hazards and risk in the United States, federal programs that support earthquake monitoring, the U.S. capability to detect earthquakes and issue notifications and warnings, and federally-supported research to improve the fundamental scientific understanding of earthquakes with a goal of reducing U.S. vulnerability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses possible paths toward the modernization of the 911 infrastructure. Efforts to splice newer, digital technologies onto the aging infrastructure have created points of failure where a call can be dropped or misdirected, sometimes with tragic consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report discusses how Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) programs are funded by Congress and what they have been used for in recent years: recovery efforts following terrorist attacks, riots, and natural disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Haddal, Chad C. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States, including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides an overview of the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) task forces that has been designated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide specialized assistance after buildings or other structures collapse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report summarizes the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and the major regulatory programs that mandate reporting by industrial facilities of releases of hazardous chemicals to the environment, as well as local planning to respond in the event of significant, accidental releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Severe Thunderstorms and Tornadoes in the United States

Severe Thunderstorms and Tornadoes in the United States

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the natural basis of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes and the risk associated with them. The report also examines several options Congress could consider to potentially reduce the costs these destructive natural events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as it applies to projects for which federal funding to recover from or prepare for a disaster has been requested by local, tribal, or state grant applicants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

Date: February 18, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), "Project Impact," and related legislative issues that Congress currently faces. PDM, as federal law and a program activity, began in 1997. Congress established a pilot program, which FEMA named "Project Impact," to test the concept of investing prior to disasters to reduce the vulnerability of communities to future disasters. From its beginnings as "Project Impact" to its current state, the PDM program has grown in its level of appropriated resources and the scope of participation nationwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Commission on Children and Disasters: Overview and Issues

The National Commission on Children and Disasters: Overview and Issues

Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Keegan, Natalie
Description: This report discusses The National Commission on Children and Disasters whose purpose is to assess the needs of children in the preparation for, response to, and recovery from natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Earthquakes: Risk, Detection, Warning, and Research

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses: The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program NEHRP; earthquake hazards and risk in the United States; federal programs that support earthquake monitoring; the U.S. capability to detect earthquakes and issue notifications and warnings; and federally supported research to improve the fundamental scientific understanding of earthquakes with a goal of reducing U.S. vulnerability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: March 8, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Cost-Shares: Evolution and Analysis

FEMA Disaster Cost-Shares: Evolution and Analysis

Date: March 9, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses cost-share waivers by program area, historical cost-share thresholds, hurricanes Katrina, Wilma, Dennis, and Rita, as well as hurricanes Gustav, Ike and other disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk, Insurance, and Recovery: Issues for Congress

Earthquake Risk, Insurance, and Recovery: Issues for Congress

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines earthquake catastrophe risk and insurance in the United States in light of recent developments, particularly the devastating earthquakes in Haiti and Chile. It examines both traditional and non-traditional approaches for financing recovery from earthquake losses as well as challenges in financing catastrophe losses with insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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