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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues

Date: February 18, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), "Project Impact," and related legislative issues that Congress currently faces. PDM, as federal law and a program activity, began in 1997. Congress established a pilot program, which FEMA named "Project Impact," to test the concept of investing prior to disasters to reduce the vulnerability of communities to future disasters. From its beginnings as "Project Impact" to its current state, the PDM program has grown in its level of appropriated resources and the scope of participation nationwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Commission on Children and Disasters: Overview and Issues

The National Commission on Children and Disasters: Overview and Issues

Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Keegan, Natalie
Description: This report discusses The National Commission on Children and Disasters whose purpose is to assess the needs of children in the preparation for, response to, and recovery from natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides an overview of the Stafford Act and Stafford Act declarations. The report discusses the types of assistance and eligibility, funding caps and cost shares, hazard mitigation assistance, disaster relief funds, and other issues for the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces: Facts and Issues

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides an overview of the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) task forces that has been designated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide specialized assistance after buildings or other structures collapse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report addresses debris resulting from a "major disaster" or "emergency" declared by the President. First, it discusses the types of debris commonly generated during and after a disaster and selected factors that can make "debris removal"2 such a costly, complex operation. Second, it discusses the roles of federal, state, and local agencies after a disaster has been declared--with regard to both funding debris removal and the actual physical process of removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the HOPE Act as it relates to U.S. trade policy, the Haitian economy, and post-earthquake reconstruction efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Emergency Communications: The Future of 911

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses possible paths toward the modernization of the 911 infrastructure. Efforts to splice newer, digital technologies onto the aging infrastructure have created points of failure where a call can be dropped or misdirected, sometimes with tragic consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer

FEMA's Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer

Date: March 18, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (referred to as the Stafford Act - 42 U.S.C. 5721 et seq.), which authorizes the President to issue "major disaster" or "emergency" declarations before or after catastrophes occur. It includes a description of the declaration process, Presidential and gubernatorial discretion, preliminary damage assessments, and factors for public or individual assistance in major disaster declarations, with concluding observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Cost-Shares: Evolution and Analysis

FEMA Disaster Cost-Shares: Evolution and Analysis

Date: March 9, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses cost-share waivers by program area, historical cost-share thresholds, hurricanes Katrina, Wilma, Dennis, and Rita, as well as hurricanes Gustav, Ike and other disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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