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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
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The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

Date: February 10, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report briefly analyzes the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy (HSRS), which is the key strategic document released by the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force established by executive order. It also discusses overarching issues for Congress that may arise in oversight of the Hurricane Sandy recovery process and how lessons learned from Hurricane Sandy can be applied to future disasters.
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Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Date: March 3, 2014
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines legislative efforts in Congress to delay the gradual phase-out of subsidized flood insurance premiums, which is required under Sections 100205 and 100207 of P.L. 112-141, the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform and Modernization Act of 2012. This new law extended the authorization for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for five years, through September 30, 2017, while requiring significant program reforms affecting flood insurance, flood hazard mapping, and floodplains management.
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The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

Date: December 10, 2012
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of flood risk management, summarizes major challenges facing the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and outlines key reforms in the recently enacted Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012. The report also identifies and presents some key remaining flood management issues for congressional considerations, and it concludes with a discussion of relevant policy options for the future financial management of flood hazards in the United States.
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Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes snow assistance and assistance for severe winter storms, the declaration process, the criteria used to make eligibility determinations, and the types of assistance that are provided after the President has issued a major disaster declaration for the incident. This report also provides historical data on winter incidents since 2009 including obligations for the incidents from FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). The DRF is the main account used to fund a wide variety of programs, grants, and other forms of emergency and disaster assistance to states, local governments, certain nonprofit entities, and families and individuals affected by disasters.
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The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report briefly analyzes the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy (HSRS), which is the key strategic document released by the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force established by executive order. This report also discusses overarching issues for Congress that may arise during oversight of the Hurricane Sandy recovery process and how lessons learned from Hurricane Sandy can be applied to future disasters.
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FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

Date: June 26, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the issues with the housing policies of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), particularly as they relate to the Post-Katrina Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-295) and the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Plan (P.L. 93-288). It includes an overview of the Stafford Act sections 403 and 408 as well as a breakdown of issues for Congress and possible Congressional approaches to address the policies.
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Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies.
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Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: December 11, 2012
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) several permanently authorized programs to help producers recover from natural disasters. Most of these programs offer financial assistance to producers for a loss in the production of crops or livestock. In addition to the production assistance programs, USDA also has several permanent disaster assistance programs that help producers repair damaged crop and forest land following natural disasters.
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Wildfire Management: Federal Funding and Related Statistics

Wildfire Management: Federal Funding and Related Statistics

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report provides wildfire management statistics (e.g., number of wildfires, acres burned, select state wildfire activity, firefighter personnel), presents wildfire management (WFM) appropriations from fiscal years 2008 to the present, and discusses two related issues--wildfire suppression funding estimation and air tanker readiness.
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FY2013 Supplemental Funding for Disaster Relief: Summary and Considerations for Congress

FY2013 Supplemental Funding for Disaster Relief: Summary and Considerations for Congress

Date: January 23, 2013
Creator: Painter, William L. & Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report analyzes the Administration's request, the House-passed legislation, and the Senate position as reflected in Senate-amended H.R. 1 from the 112th Congress. (The newly constituted Senate has not taken up legislation establishing its position on the supplemental request as of the date of publication.) It includes information on legislative provisions as well as funding levels.
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Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Painter, William L. & Brown, Jared T.
Description: In late October 2012, Hurricane Sandy impacted a wide swath of the East Coast of the United States, resulting in more than 120 deaths and the major disaster declarations for 12 states plus the District of Columbia. The Administration submitted a request to Congress on December 7, 2012, for $60.4 billion in supplemental funding and legislative provisions to address both the immediate losses and damages from Hurricane Sandy, as well as to mitigate the damage from future disasters in the impacted region. This summary report analyzes the Administration's request, the House-passed legislation, and the Senate position as reflected in Senate-amended H.R. 1 from the 112th Congress.
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Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report discusses the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as it applies to projects for which federal funding to recover from or prepare for a disaster has been requested by local, tribal, or state grant applicants.
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Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
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Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report describes emergency agricultural land assistance programs designed to repair agricultural and forest land following a natural disaster and potentially mitigate future risk. It presents background on the programs--purpose, activities, authority, eligibility requirements, and authorized program funding levels, as well as current congressional issues.
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Would an Influenza Pandemic Qualify as a Major Disaster Under the Stafford Act?

Would an Influenza Pandemic Qualify as a Major Disaster Under the Stafford Act?

Date: December 15, 2009
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report provides a legal analysis of the eligibility of an influenza pandemic to be declared by the President as a major disaster under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
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Would an Influenza Pandemic Qualify as a Major Disaster Under the Stafford Act?

Would an Influenza Pandemic Qualify as a Major Disaster Under the Stafford Act?

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report provides a legal analysis of the eligibility of an influenza pandemic to be declared by the President as a major disaster under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
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Bankruptcy Relief and Natural Disaster Victims

Bankruptcy Relief and Natural Disaster Victims

Date: September 14, 2005
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, many have questioned whether implementing the new procedures of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (BAPCPA), P.L. 109-8, scheduled to go into effect on October 17, 2005, should be delayed. This report considers whether bankruptcy law in general, and the BAPCPA in particular, may present unique challenges to financial recovery for those whose life, livelihood, and/or home have been damaged or destroyed.
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Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Date: September 19, 2013
Creator: Stern, Charles V. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides analysis of Corps supplemental funding. Its focus is recent decades of supplemental funding provided directly to the Corps, and it does not include extensive analysis of regular Corps appropriations.
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Federal Disaster Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Federal Disaster Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Date: March 18, 2008
Creator: Jordan, Mary
Description: This report summarizes principal federal disaster assistance programs for possible use by Members of Congress and their staff in helping address the needs of constituents. A number of federal agencies provide assistance to individual victims; state, territorial, and local governments; and non-governmental entities, following a disaster.
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Federal Involvement in Flood Response and Flood Infrastructure Repair: Storm Sandy Recovery

Federal Involvement in Flood Response and Flood Infrastructure Repair: Storm Sandy Recovery

Date: October 31, 2012
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Description: Report regarding congressional efforts to structure federal actions and programs so they provide incentives to reduce flood risk without unduly infringing on private property rights or usurping local decision making.
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Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for Disaster Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Projects

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: Report that discusses the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as it applies to projects for which federal funding to recover from or prepare for a disaster has been requested by local, tribal, or state grant applicants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

Date: March 28, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: None
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Tsunamis and Earthquakes: Is Federal Disaster Insurance in Our Future?

Tsunamis and Earthquakes: Is Federal Disaster Insurance in Our Future?

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department