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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, which authorizes the President to issue declarations that provide states and localities with a range of federal assistance in response to natural and man-made incidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Torsell, Carolyn V. & Nagel, Jared C.
Description: This report is designed to assist Members of Congress and their staff as they address the needs of their states, communities, and constituents after a disaster. It includes a summary of federal programs that provide federal disaster assistance to individual survivors, states, territories, local governments, and nongovernmental entities following a natural or man-made disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information and analysis of funding for federal wildfire suppression operations. It concludes by summarizing relevant legislative proposals introduced in the 114th Congress and discussing their possible implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Date: June 23, 2015
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report contains information on how to ascertain if an individual is eligible for Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies

Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report provides information that can aid policy makers as they navigate through the many levels of responsibility of dealing with emergencies, and numerous policy pressure points, by having an understanding of the laws and administrative policies governing the disaster response and recovery process. The report also reviews the legislative framework that exists for providing federal assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deployable Federal Assets Supporting Domestic Disaster Response Operations: Summary and Considerations for Congress

Deployable Federal Assets Supporting Domestic Disaster Response Operations: Summary and Considerations for Congress

Date: May 13, 2015
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report reviews several key concepts about federal disaster assets, and highlights possible issues Congress may consider when evaluating their authorization and appropriation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Public Assistance Grant Program: Background and Considerations for Congress

FEMA's Public Assistance Grant Program: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: April 16, 2015
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Richardson, Daniel J.
Description: This report provides background on key elements of the FEMA's Public Assistance Program, such as the eligibility of applicants, the types of assistance available, and the methods FEMA uses for awarding grant assistance. The PA Program provides financial grant assistance to states, tribes, and local communities both in the response to and recovery from significant disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

Date: March 18, 2015
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Weather Service (NWS) manages two tsunami warning centers that monitor, detect, and issue warnings for tsunamis. This report discusses these centers, which monitor and evaluate data from seismic networks and determine if a tsunami is likely based on the location, magnitude, and depth of an earthquake.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Date: March 10, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the firefighting activities that are traditionally the responsibility of states and local communities. It also talks about funding for firefighters, which is provided mostly by state and local governments. However, during the 106th Congress, many in the fire community asserted that local fire departments require and deserve greater support from the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: March 10, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) Act, which authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

The U.S. Tsunami Program: A Brief Overview

Date: February 20, 2015
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report provides an introduction to U.S. Tsunami warning centers and discusses the national Tsunami hazard mitigation program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Disaster Assistance from the Disaster Relief Fund: State Profiles

Major Disaster Assistance from the Disaster Relief Fund: State Profiles

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Richardson, Daniel J.
Description: This report outlines the trend in Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) obligations for both the national and state level for the period FY2000 through FY2013. It also includes individual profiles for each state and additional resources and key policy staff that can provide more information on the programs that are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), which is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: New Jersey

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) that is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resource Issues in the 114th Congress

Water Resource Issues in the 114th Congress

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Stern, Charles V. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report discusses recent congressional activity and possible topics for the 114th Congress. It provides an overview of the federal role in water resources development, management, and protection, with a focus on projects of the two major federal water resources agencies--Reclamation and the U.S. Army Corps--and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Emergency Assistance for Agricultural Land Rehabilitation

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report describes emergency agricultural land assistance programs designed to repair agricultural and forest land following a natural disaster and potentially mitigate future risk. It presents background on the programs--purpose, activities, authority, eligibility requirements, and authorized program funding levels, as well as current congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of H.R. 5781, California Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Analysis of H.R. 5781, California Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report provides a description and analysis of H.R. 5781, the California Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014, which passed the House December 9, 2014. It includes a summary of key provisions of the bill, and compares it with two other bills from the 113th Congress aiming to address different aspects of drought and water management in California.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report briefly analyzes the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy (HSRS), which is the key strategic document released by the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force established by executive order. This report also discusses overarching issues for Congress that may arise during oversight of the Hurricane Sandy recovery process and how lessons learned from Hurricane Sandy can be applied to future disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report describes snow assistance and assistance for severe winter storms, the declaration process, the criteria used to make eligibility determinations, and the types of assistance that are provided after the President has issued a major disaster declaration for the incident. This report also provides historical data on winter incidents since 2009 including obligations for the incidents from FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). The DRF is the main account used to fund a wide variety of programs, grants, and other forms of emergency and disaster assistance to states, local governments, certain nonprofit entities, and families and individuals affected by disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer

FEMA's Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer

Date: November 12, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (referred to as the Stafford Act - 42 U.S.C. 5721 et seq.), which authorizes the President to issue "major disaster" or "emergency" declarations before or after catastrophes occur. Emergency declarations trigger aid that protects property, public health, and safety and lessens or averts the threat of an incident becoming a catastrophic event. A major disaster declaration, issued after catastrophes occur, constitutes broader authority for federal agencies to provide supplemental assistance to help state and local governments, families and individuals, and certain nonprofit organizations recover from the incident.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department