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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: November 15, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: December 19, 2000
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: September 12, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: July 11, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: May 23, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: March 20, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: December 9, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: November 5, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: August 7, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Challenge Programs in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Technology Challenge Programs in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
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Reading Instruction: New Federal Initiatives

Reading Instruction: New Federal Initiatives

Date: June 29, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
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National Tests: Administration Initiative

National Tests: Administration Initiative

Date: June 16, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of State Charter School Laws

Overview of State Charter School Laws

Date: June 16, 1998
Creator: Jones, Kimberly D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: January 26, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Several education issues are being considered by the 105th Congress. Some of the congressional action results from expiring legislation, such as the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). Other action may occur because of debate over the appropriate federal role in education, including federal support for school reform or national testing. This report provides a brief summary of education issues anticipated for the 2nd Session, as well as a synopsis of education activity during the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charter Schools: State Developments and Federal Policy Options

Charter Schools: State Developments and Federal Policy Options

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C; Stedman, James B & Aleman, Steven R
Description: Charter schools are public elementary or secondary schools which are released from a variety of state, local, and possibly federal regulations in return for new forms of accountability in terms of outcomes for pupils. Approximately one-half of the states authorize the establishment of charter schools, and a federal Public Charter Schools (PCS) program provides start-up funds for such schools. The House has passed (H.R. 2616), and the Senate is considering (S. 1380) legislation to modify and expand the PCS program. This report provides background information on charter schools and their characteristics, plus discussion and analysis of current legislation regarding the PCS program. Issues have also arisen regarding the participation of charter schools in other federal aid programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: The Constitutional Standards

Education Vouchers: The Constitutional Standards

Date: June 11, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: The Court’s decisions permit a limited degree of public aid to be provided directly and a broader range of assistance indirectly. This report sketches the constitutional standards that apply to public aid to sectarian schools and especially to programs of indirect assistance such as education vouchers. It also summarizes recent significant state court decisions involving vouchers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Lyke, Bob
Description: None
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Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department