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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Charter Schools: State Developments and Federal Policy Options

Charter Schools: State Developments and Federal Policy Options

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C; Stedman, James B & Aleman, Steven R
Description: Charter schools are public elementary or secondary schools which are released from a variety of state, local, and possibly federal regulations in return for new forms of accountability in terms of outcomes for pupils. Approximately one-half of the states authorize the establishment of charter schools, and a federal Public Charter Schools (PCS) program provides start-up funds for such schools. The House has passed (H.R. 2616), and the Senate is considering (S. 1380) legislation to modify and expand the PCS program. This report provides background information on charter schools and their characteristics, plus discussion and analysis of current legislation regarding the PCS program. Issues have also arisen regarding the participation of charter schools in other federal aid programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Legislation: Responses to Grove City College v. Bell

Civil Rights Legislation: Responses to Grove City College v. Bell

Date: May 27, 1988
Creator: Lyke, Robert F
Description: This report discusses how broad should the coverage of Federal civil rights laws be? This was the central issue in the debate over legislation introduced in response to the February 1984 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Grove City College v. Bell.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Date: July 6, 2000
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: This report provides an overview of the structure and status of the CSR program, the issues raised about the program, early reports on its implementation, and relevant legislative action by the 106th Congress. It also considers emerging results from the California class size reduction effort, the state effort most closely watched by proponents and opponents of the federal CSR program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: This report provides an overview of the structure and status of the CSR program, the issues raised about the program, early reports on its implementation, and relevant legislative action by the U.S. Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Common Core State Standards: Frequently Asked Questions

Common Core State Standards: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 15, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions related to the Common Core State Standards and federal involvement with the standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Concurrent Enrollment Programs

Concurrent Enrollment Programs

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: Initiated in part as a proposal to reform U.S. high schools, concurrent enrollment programs enable high school aged students to take college level course work and receive college credit while enrolled in high school. Concurrent enrollment programs can be best described as a secondary/postsecondary school hybrid. This report provides a brief history of these programs and a description of the different types of programs, including participation data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Brass, Clinton T; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Williams, Erin D
Description: This report discusses what RCTs are and identifies a number of issues regarding RCTs that might arise when Congress considers making program evaluation policy. For example, in the 109th Congress, Section 3 of S. 1934 (as introduced) would establish a priority for RCTs when evaluating offender reentry demonstration projects; Section 114 of S. 667 (Senate Finance Committee-reported bill) would require RCTs for demonstration projects for low-income families; and Section 5 of S. 1129 (as introduced) would call for RCTs for projects and policies of multilateral development banks. Issues regarding RCTs could also arise when actors in the policy process present specific program evaluations to Congress (e.g., in the President’s budget proposals) to influence Congress’s views and decision making. For many reasons, evaluations often merit scrutiny and care in interpretation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Constitutionality of the Withdrawal of All Federal Court Jurisdiction Over Questions Involving State-Sponsored Prayer in Public Schools and Public Buildings

The Constitutionality of the Withdrawal of All Federal Court Jurisdiction Over Questions Involving State-Sponsored Prayer in Public Schools and Public Buildings

Date: April 27, 1979
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report discusses several court decisions regarding the constitutionality of the withdrawal of all Federal Court Jurisdiction over questions involving state-sponsored prayer in Public Schools and Public Buildings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: Passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-104) codified the long standing policy commitment to ensure universal service in the provision of telecommunications services. The 1996 Act also expanded the concept to include, among other principles, that elementary schools and classrooms, and libraries should have access to telecommunications services for educational purposes at discounted rates. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was tasked with implementing the universal provisions of the Act and on May 7, 1997, adopted its order detailing its guidelines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The E-Rate Program: Universal Service Fund Telecommunications Discounts for Schools

The E-Rate Program: Universal Service Fund Telecommunications Discounts for Schools

Date: March 9, 2004
Creator: Jackson, Charmaine
Description: This report provides background information on the E-rate program, focusing specifically on its support of schools. It will be revised to reflect any substantive changes in the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department