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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Medicaid

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Medicaid

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Apling, Richard N & Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report begins with an overview of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It then discusses the distinction made in IDEA between medical services and health services. The report then summarizes the provisions in law that link Medicaid funding to IDEA. Next the report provides an overview of the complexities of Medicaid eligibility and covered services. Following that discussion, the report analyzes possible reasons why Medicaid appears to cover relatively little of IDEA health-related costs. Finally the report outlines possible legislative approaches with respect to Medicaid and IDEA.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Analysis of Changes Made by P.L. 108-446

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Analysis of Changes Made by P.L. 108-446

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Apling, Richard N & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA — 20 U.S.C. §1400 et seq.), which is both a grants statute and a civil rights statute. It provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The statute also contains detailed due process provisions to ensure the provision of FAPE. Originally enacted in 1975, the act responded to increased awareness of the need to educate children with disabilities, and to judicial decisions requiring that states provide an education for children with disabilities if they provided an education for children without disabilities.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N.
Description: This report discusses Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which assists participating states to serve school-age children with disabilities. The state funding formula, which provides a foundation amount based on states’ FY1999 grants and allocates remaining amounts based on states’ shares of school-age children and of school-age poor children, authorizes a maximum allotment per disabled child served of 40% of the national average per pupil expenditure (APPE). Annual appropriations have never been sufficient to provide each state its maximum allotment; in FY2002, states will receive approximately 16.5% of the national APPE per disabled child served. Some advocates for the program have called upon the Congress to fully fund the formula. An estimated $18.2 billion would be required to provide states the maximum allotment allowed per disabled child served in FY2002, about 2.4 times more than the appropriation of $7.5 billion for FY2002.
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The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Interactions with Selected Provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Interactions with Selected Provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA)

Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Apling, Richard N. & Jones, Nancy L.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)1 and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA)2 are two of the most significant federal statutes relating to education. Although both have the goal of improving education — IDEA for children with disabilities and NCLBA for all children — the two statutes take different approaches. IDEA focuses on the individual child, with an emphasis on developing an individualized education program (IEP) and specific services for children with disabilities, while NCLBA takes a more global view, with an emphasis on closing gaps in achievement test scores and raising the aggregate scores of all demographic groups of pupils to specific levels. The relationship of IDEA and NCLBA has become of increasing significance because of the recent reauthorization of IDEA and guidance and regulations from the U.S. Department of Education (ED) on NCLBA issues related to the education of children with disabilities. This report will provide a brief overview of IDEA and NCLBA, a discussion of the intersection of selected provisions of IDEA and NCLBA, and a discussion of ED regulations and guidance regarding IDEA and NCLBA. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues related to the interaction of IDEA and NCLBA.
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The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of Major Provisions

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of Major Provisions

Date: January 11, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N. & Jones, Nancy L.
Description: The Individuals with DisabilitiesEducation Act (IDEA) providesfundsto statesfor the education of children with disabilities. It contains detailed requirements for the receipt of these funds, including the core requirement of the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). IDEA was comprehensively revised in 1997 by P.L. 105-17, but Congress has continued to grapple with issuesrelating to the Act. This report provides a brief overview of the Act with particular attention paid to issues of recent congressional concern, such as funding and the provision of FAPE for children with disabilities found to have brought a weapon to school.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Interactions with Selected Provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Interactions with Selected Provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA)

Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Apling, Richard N. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) are two of the most significant federal statutes relating to education. Although both have the goal of improving education — IDEA for children with disabilities and NCLBA for all children — the two statutes take different approaches. IDEA focuses on the individual child, with an emphasis on developing an individualized education program (IEP) and specific services for children with disabilities, while NCLBA takes a more global view, with an emphasis on closing gaps in achievement test scores and raising the aggregate scores of all demographic groups of pupils to specific levels. The relationship of IDEA and NCLBA has become of increasing significance because of this recent reauthorization of IDEA and guidance and regulations from the U.S. Department of Education (ED) on NCLBA issues related to the education of children with disabilities. This report will provide a brief overview of IDEA and NCLBA, a discussion of the intersection of selected provisions of IDEA and NCLBA, and a discussion of ED regulations and guidance regarding IDEA and NCLBA. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues related to the interaction of IDEA and NCLBA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N.; Jones, Nancy L. & Smole, David P
Description: Congress is considering reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) program (the main federal program providing special education and related services to children with disabilities). Among the options being discussed is increasing parental choice under IDEA. This report provides background on current federal choice programs and on the Florida McKay Scholarship program, which provides scholarships for children with disabilities enrolled in the state’s public schools to attend other public schools or to attend participating private schools. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues that a federal special education voucher program might raise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Bailey, Christina M. & Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report describes Internet resources on major internship, fellowship, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Funding for Religious Schools in P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Legal Issues Related to Funding for Religious Schools in P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report will provide a brief overview of the prohibition on the use of funds by institutions of higher education, including proposals considered by the House and Senate before the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5) was enacted. It will also analyze the constitutionality of the distribution of federal money to religious schools in the context of common questions raised by these provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: December 14, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: In recent years, multiple bills have been introduced in Congress to provide relief to unauthorized alien students. In most cases, these bills have proposed to repeal the 1996 provision and enable certain unauthorized alien students to adjust to legal permanent resident (LPR) status in the United States. These bills have often been entitled the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act, or the DREAM Act. This report discusses the background and debate surrounding "Dream Act" legislation in the 110th and 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: October 27, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. This report discusses the DREAM act and related issues.
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Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. This report discusses the DREAM act and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the "DREAM Act", a measure to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status, as well as related issues.
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Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: March 21, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: The 109th and 110th Congresses considered, but did not enact, comprehensive immigration reform legislation that included large-scale legalization programs for unauthorized aliens. In the aftermath of these unsuccessful efforts, some interested parties have urged the President and Congress to pursue more limited legislation to address the status of unauthorized alien students. Such legislation is commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act."
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Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Date: June 19, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report looks at the background and history of recent "DREAM Act"s, which address the status of unauthorized alien students. It pays special attention to the June 15, 2012 announcement that come individuals who were brought into the U.S. as children and meet other requirements would be eligible for deferred action for two years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Funding

Head Start: Background and Funding

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report examines the history of federal funding for Head Start, which has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assessment in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Primer

Assessment in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Primer

Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Caffrey, Erin D.
Description: This report provides a framework for understanding various types of assessments that are administered in elementary and secondary schools. It broadly discusses various purposes of educational assessment and describe comprehensive assessment systems. The report also provides a description and analysis of technical considerations in assessments, including validity, reliability, and fairness, and provide a discussion of how to use these technical considerations to draw appropriate conclusions based on assessment results.
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations

The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Cooper, Edith F.
Description: This report discusses the approved reauthorization legislation to extend and amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (SDFSCA).
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The TRIO Programs: A Primer

The TRIO Programs: A Primer

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Dortch, Cassandria
Description: This report is an introduction to the TRIO programs: the primary federal programs providing support services to disadvantaged students to promote achievement in postsecondary education. The TRIO programs were so named by the 1968 Higher Education Act (HEA) amendments, which consolidated a trio of programs under one title. The report provides an overview the programs, summarizes recent evaluations and performance reports, and reviews the Department of Education's progress in implementing HEOA.
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The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: May 1, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report gives a legal overview of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, which guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Recruitment Provisions Under the No Child Left Behind Act: A Legal Analysis

Military Recruitment Provisions Under the No Child Left Behind Act: A Legal Analysis

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report describes the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) military recruitment provisions and discusses the legal issues that they may raise if the 111th Congress considers reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). The NCLBA amended the ESEA to say that high schools receiving federal funds must provide certain student contact information to military recruiters upon request and must allow recruiters to have the same access to students as employers and colleges.
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The No Child Left Behind Act and "Unfunded Mandates": A Legal Analysis of School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education

The No Child Left Behind Act and "Unfunded Mandates": A Legal Analysis of School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses some of the implications of the Sixth Circuit's decision in School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education. This includes information regarding the potential practical effect, procedural ramifications, and legal impact of both the original ruling and the recent decision to rehear the case.
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program's implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to "inappropriate" material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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