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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2000
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress

Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress

Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: The quality and quantity of public elementary and secondary school teachers are of increasing concern to the 106th Congress. Although states and localities are responsible for most aspects of teacher preparation, recruitment, and employment, the federal government supports a wide array of programs for teachers. Several of these programs are being considered for amendment and extension by the 106th Congress including the Eisenhower Professional Development program and the Class Size Reduction program. The 106th Congress has before it a wide array of legislative proposals to address teacher issues. Action has occurred on several proposals. This report tracks such action and will be updated as it occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Funding

Head Start: Background and Funding

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Butler, Alice D & Gish, Melinda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status

Date: July 6, 2000
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: This report provides an overview of the structure and status of the CSR program, the issues raised about the program, early reports on its implementation, and relevant legislative action by the 106th Congress. It also considers emerging results from the California class size reduction effort, the state effort most closely watched by proponents and opponents of the federal CSR program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Date: September 22, 2000
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: Passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-104) codified the long standing policy commitment to ensure universal service in the provision of telecommunications services. The 1996 Act also expanded the concept to include, among other principles, that elementary schools and classrooms, and libraries should have access to telecommunications services for educational purposes at discounted rates. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was tasked with implementing the universal provisions of the Act and on May 7, 1997, adopted its order detailing its guidelines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: December 19, 2000
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department