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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Early Childhood Education: Federal Policy Issues
This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated, are discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5864/
Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Federal, State, and Local Programs
The recruitment and retention of a high-quality teaching force is critical to the future success of our nation's school system. To address this issue, a wide range of programs have been put into place at the federal, state, and local levels in recent years. This report is to review the range of these efforts nationwide and provide a context for the issues that may yet arise during HEA reauthorization. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc847775/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4406/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4407/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4408/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4409/
School Choice: Current Legislation
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School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4411/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4405/
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2617/
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4421/
Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress
The quality and quantity of public elementary and secondary school teachers are of increasing concern to the 106th Congress. Although states and localities are responsible for most aspects of teacher preparation, recruitment, and employment, the federal government supports a wide array of programs for teachers. Several of these programs are being considered for amendment and extension by the 106th Congress including the Eisenhower Professional Development program and the Class Size Reduction program. The 106th Congress has before it a wide array of legislative proposals to address teacher issues. Action has occurred on several proposals. This report tracks such action and will be updated as it occurs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1163/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2603/
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2604/
School Choice: Current Legislation
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School Choice: Current Legislation
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School Choice: Current Legislation
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School Choice: Current Legislation
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Performance-Based Pay for Teachers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1646/
Assessment in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Primer
This report provides a framework for understanding various types of assessments that are administered in elementary and secondary schools. It broadly discusses various purposes of educational assessment and describe comprehensive assessment systems. The report also provides a description and analysis of technical considerations in assessments, including validity, reliability, and fairness, and provide a discussion of how to use these technical considerations to draw appropriate conclusions based on assessment results. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc700550/
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress
This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3895/
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress
This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3894/
The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000: Forest Service Payments to Counties
This report describes the issues that Congress has debated relating to The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-393), which may again arise when the program expires in 2011, and explains the changes enacted for the program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc795595/
K-12 Education: Highlights of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-110)
This report outlines major highlights of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA). Only the most basic provisions of this act are briefly described in this report; other CRS reports provide more specific and substantial analyses of the major provisions of the NCLBA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824710/
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title I-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act
This report provides an overview of aspects of Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I-A which were substantially amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA); elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824617/
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides
This report provides a list of books and Web addresses intended to help students locate financial aid. This list includes both general and comprehensive works, as well as ones targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances (e.g., non-need-based scholarships, female and minority students, or students studying abroad). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc847786/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
This report provides a brief overview of some of the most salient issues regarding the K-12 teaching force, describes the current federal role in this area, describes major federal programs, and tracks major legislative action by the Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822466/
Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A
This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7578/
Bilingual Education: An Overview
The U.S. Department of Education(ED) administers the Bilingual Education Act (BEA), the federal education program specifically intended for limited English proficient (LEP) children. The Congress considered several proposals to reauthorize the BEA in the 106th Congress. The 107th Congress has again been considering legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including the BEA. H.R. 1, the “No Child Left Behind Act of 2001” was passed by the House on May 23, 2001. S. 1, the “Better Education for Students and Teachers Act” was reported in the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, and is currently under consideration, as amended by SA358, in the Senate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1882/
ESEA Reauthorization Proposals: Comparison of Major Features of the House and Senate Versions of H.R. 1
The authorizations of appropriations for most programs of federal aid to elementary and secondary (grades K-12) education, under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), expired at the end of FY2000. While the 106th Congress extensively considered several bills which would have reauthorized and amended most of these programs, only legislation extending the Impact Aid (ESEA Title VIII) and Even Start Family Literacy (ESEA Title I, Part B) programs was enacted. Selected other programs, such as the Class Size Reduction program, have been initiated and continued solely through annual appropriations legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1431/
Educational Testing: Implementation of ESEA Title I-A Requirements Under the No Child Left Behind Act
This report provides background information on state pupil assessment programs and policies, a description of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I-A assessment requirements as expanded by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA), a review of the implementation status of these requirements, and an analysis of related issues which may be addressed by the 108th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7369/
Palestinian Education and Debate Over Textbooks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6936/
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Selected Changes that Would be Made to the Law by S. 1248, 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7102/
K-12 Education: Highlights of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-110)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7492/
Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress
This issue brief provides an overview of legislation to reauthorize the ESEA, ERDDIA, and NESA. Most of it will focus on the ESEA, since it is much larger in scale. We include a summary review of relevant legislation acted upon during the 106th Congress. This issue brief will be updated regularly to reflect current legislative activity. Other issue briefs and reports, listed at the end of this brief, provide more detailed information on individual programs or types of proposals and analyses of the issues being debated with respect to them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1422/
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Proposed Regulations for P.L. 108-446
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6940/
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act
This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6559/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
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K-12 Education Programs: Appropriations Summary
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6135/
Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status
This report provides an overview of the structure and status of the CSR program, the issues raised about the program, early reports on its implementation, and relevant legislative action by the 106th Congress. It also considers emerging results from the California class size reduction effort, the state effort most closely watched by proponents and opponents of the federal CSR program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1164/
Class Size Reduction Program: Background and Status
This report provides an overview of the structure and status of the CSR program, the issues raised about the program, early reports on its implementation, and relevant legislative action by the U.S. Congress digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2616/
Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Current Programs and Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5865/
Monitoring Foreign Students in the United States: The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5866/
The Federal Emergency Immigrant Education Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1648/
The E-Rate Program: Universal Service Fund Telecommunications Discounts for Schools
This report provides background information on the E-rate program, focusing specifically on its support of schools. It will be revised to reflect any substantive changes in the program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6068/
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education
The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1819/
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education
The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1820/
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act
Title I, Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to local educational agencies (LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I-A grants provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other pupils attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families in pre-kindergarten through grade 12. Title I-A is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program, with services provided to (a) over 90% of all LEAs; (b) approximately 45,000 (58% of all) public schools; and (c) approximately 11 million (22% of all) pupils, including approximately 167,000 pupils attending private schools. Four-fifths of all pupils served are in pre-kindergarten through grade 6, while only 5% of pupils served are in grades 10-12. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6120/
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Comparison and Analysis of Selected Provisions in H.R. 1350 as Passed by the House and by the Senate, 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6125/
Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1161/
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