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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Performance-Based Pay for Teachers

Performance-Based Pay for Teachers

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Stedman, James B & McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bilingual Education: An Overview

Bilingual Education: An Overview

Date: June 7, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: The U.S. Department of Education(ED) administers the Bilingual Education Act (BEA), the federal education program specifically intended for limited English proficient (LEP) children. The Congress considered several proposals to reauthorize the BEA in the 106th Congress. The 107th Congress has again been considering legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including the BEA. H.R. 1, the “No Child Left Behind Act of 2001” was passed by the House on May 23, 2001. S. 1, the “Better Education for Students and Teachers Act” was reported in the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, and is currently under consideration, as amended by SA358, in the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ESEA Reauthorization Proposals: Comparison of Major Features of the House and Senate Versions of H.R. 1

ESEA Reauthorization Proposals: Comparison of Major Features of the House and Senate Versions of H.R. 1

Date: July 6, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: The authorizations of appropriations for most programs of federal aid to elementary and secondary (grades K-12) education, under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), expired at the end of FY2000. While the 106th Congress extensively considered several bills which would have reauthorized and amended most of these programs, only legislation extending the Impact Aid (ESEA Title VIII) and Even Start Family Literacy (ESEA Title I, Part B) programs was enacted. Selected other programs, such as the Class Size Reduction program, have been initiated and continued solely through annual appropriations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress

Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C & Stedman, James B
Description: This issue brief provides an overview of legislation to reauthorize the ESEA, ERDDIA, and NESA. Most of it will focus on the ESEA, since it is much larger in scale. We include a summary review of relevant legislation acted upon during the 106th Congress. This issue brief will be updated regularly to reflect current legislative activity. Other issue briefs and reports, listed at the end of this brief, provide more detailed information on individual programs or types of proposals and analyses of the issues being debated with respect to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Emergency Immigrant Education Program

The Federal Emergency Immigrant Education Program

Date: June 8, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Stedman, James B
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Stedman, James B
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Discipline Legislation in the 106th Congress

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Discipline Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Allocation Formula Provisions

Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Allocation Formula Provisions

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to state and local educational agencies (SEAs, LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I grants are used to provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving children attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families. Services may be provided at pre-kindergarten through high school levels. Title I has been the anchor of the ESEA since it was first enacted in 1965, and is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Reauthorization Issues

Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Reauthorization Issues

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This issue brief covers only Parts A and E of ESEA Title I. Part A of Title I, grants to LEAs, constitutes over 90% of total Title I funding, while Part E authorizes program evaluation and demonstration projects of innovative practices, including the Comprehensive School Reform Program. Other Parts of Title I authorize the Even Start program of joint services to young disadvantaged children and their parents (Part B), plus aid for the education of migrant (Part C) and neglected or delinquent youth (Part D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elementary and Secondary Education: Accountability and Flexibility in Federal Aid Proposals

Elementary and Secondary Education: Accountability and Flexibility in Federal Aid Proposals

Date: September 6, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: The 107th Congress is considering proposals to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Much of the debate over these proposals has been focused on issues related to state and local accountability for, and flexibility in the use of, federal aid funds. Current federal elementary and secondary education assistance programs have a broad range of accountability requirements, including: targeting of resources on specific “high need” pupil groups, localities, or schools; limitations on the authorized uses of funds; fiscal accountability requirements, such as maintenance of effort; procedural requirements, such as parental participation or equitable treatment of pupils attending non-public schools; staff qualifications; reporting; outcome; and evaluation requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding School Renovation: Qualified Zone Academy Bonds vs. Traditional Tax-Exempt Bonds

Funding School Renovation: Qualified Zone Academy Bonds vs. Traditional Tax-Exempt Bonds

Date: July 25, 2001
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
E-Rate for Schools: Background on Telecommunications Discounts Through the Universal Service Fund

E-Rate for Schools: Background on Telecommunications Discounts Through the Universal Service Fund

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Stedman, James B & Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Challenge Programs in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Technology Challenge Programs in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: November 15, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Issues Regarding "Full Funding" of Part B Grants to States

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Issues Regarding "Full Funding" of Part B Grants to States

Date: February 15, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N.
Description: This report discusses Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which assists participating states to serve school-age children with disabilities. The state funding formula, which provides a foundation amount based on states’ FY1999 grants and allocates remaining amounts based on states’ shares of school-age children and of school-age poor children, authorizes a maximum allotment per disabled child served of 40% of the national average per pupil expenditure (APPE). Annual appropriations have never been sufficient to provide each state its maximum allotment; in FY2002, states will receive approximately 16.5% of the national APPE per disabled child served. Some advocates for the program have called upon the Congress to fully fund the formula. An estimated $18.2 billion would be required to provide states the maximum allotment allowed per disabled child served in FY2002, about 2.4 times more than the appropriation of $7.5 billion for FY2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department