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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Early Childhood Education: Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Federal Policy Issues

Date: February 20, 2004
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated, are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Support of School Choice: Background and Options

Federal Support of School Choice: Background and Options

Date: April 30, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C & Stedman, James B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merit Pay for Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Background Discussion and Analysis of Issues

Merit Pay for Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Background Discussion and Analysis of Issues

Date: September 14, 1983
Creator: Jordan, K. Forbis & Borkow, Nancy B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Federal, State, and Local Programs

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Federal, State, and Local Programs

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: The recruitment and retention of a high-quality teaching force is critical to the future success of our nation's school system. To address this issue, a wide range of programs have been put into place at the federal, state, and local levels in recent years. This report is to review the range of these efforts nationwide and provide a context for the issues that may yet arise during HEA reauthorization.
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program's implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to "inappropriate" material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
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Common Core State Standards: Frequently Asked Questions

Common Core State Standards: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 15, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions related to the Common Core State Standards and federal involvement with the standards.
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Education of the Handicapped

Education of the Handicapped

Date: November 14, 1983
Creator: Fraas, Charlotte Jones
Description: Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations.
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Busing for School Desegregation: The Debate on Selected Issues

Busing for School Desegregation: The Debate on Selected Issues

Date: April 30, 1981
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: This paper explores selected questions involving the busing of elementary and secondary school students for desegregation. On each of the selected questions a general analysis of the issue involved is presented, followed by two subsections entitled A Critic's Position and An Advocate's Position. In these subsections, an attempt is made to show how a critic of busing for desegregation and an advocate of such busing might fashion arguments on this issue in opposition to, or in support of, busing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Busing for School Desegregation

Busing for School Desegregation

Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: The mandatory transportation of school children to desegregate public elementary and secondary schools is an issue of deep contention throughout our society. The House of Representatives has approved language for the Department of Justice FY82 authorization bill (H.R. 3462) restricting the Department's involvement in actions requiring school busing. On Mar. 2, 1962, t h e Senate approved the version of the Department of Justice F Y 8 2 authorization Bill (S. 951) with language restricting the Justice Department's involvement in busing actions as well as imposing limits on the busing plans Federal courts can impose. S. 551 was then sent to the House for consideration. Hearings on S. 951 before a house Judiciary subcommittee began on June 1'7, 1982.
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: March 20, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: May 23, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: July 11, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress

Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress

Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: The quality and quantity of public elementary and secondary school teachers are of increasing concern to the 106th Congress. Although states and localities are responsible for most aspects of teacher preparation, recruitment, and employment, the federal government supports a wide array of programs for teachers. Several of these programs are being considered for amendment and extension by the 106th Congress including the Eisenhower Professional Development program and the Class Size Reduction program. The 106th Congress has before it a wide array of legislative proposals to address teacher issues. Action has occurred on several proposals. This report tracks such action and will be updated as it occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: January 26, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Several education issues are being considered by the 105th Congress. Some of the congressional action results from expiring legislation, such as the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). Other action may occur because of debate over the appropriate federal role in education, including federal support for school reform or national testing. This report provides a brief summary of education issues anticipated for the 2nd Session, as well as a synopsis of education activity during the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
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School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: August 7, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: November 5, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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