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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iraqi government in the wake of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Elections in 2005 for a transitional National Assembly and government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) Council of Representatives and government (December 15) were concluded despite insurgent violence and attracted progressively increasing Sunni participation. However, escalating sectarian violence and factional infighting have delayed formation of a new government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electoral Votes by State: Changes Resulting from the 1980 Census

Electoral Votes by State: Changes Resulting from the 1980 Census

Date: October 15, 1982
Creator: Gorman, Joseph B
Description: This report presents a chart and a U.S. map describing the electoral votes by state and the changes resulted from the 1980 census.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance

Campaign Finance

Date: February 8, 2006
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, long centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. This report discusses campaign finance practices, enduring issues and today’s paramount issues. In addition it presents the Legislative Action in the 108th and 109th Congress, as well as the Congressional efforts to close perceived loopholes in Federal Election Law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: July 30, 1987
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E & Durbin, Thomas M
Description: This is one report in the series of reports that discuss the campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today’s paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machine (DRE) Controversy: FAQs and Misperceptions

The Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machine (DRE) Controversy: FAQs and Misperceptions

Date: December 14, 2005
Creator: Fischer, Eric A & Coleman, Kevin J
Description: As Congress considers proposals relating to DREs, salient issues might include the lack of information about DRE security, especially in relation to other systems and other components of election integrity; potential conflicts with HAVA requirements that might be associated with the proposals; how those proposals might impact voter confidence; and what impacts they might have on future innovation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Elections

Palestinian Elections

Date: February 9, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine's Political Crisis: Ukrainian Presidential Elections and U.S. Policy

Ukraine's Political Crisis: Ukrainian Presidential Elections and U.S. Policy

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Voting Systems (DREs): Legislation in the 108th Congress

Electronic Voting Systems (DREs): Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2004
Creator: Fischer, Eric A & Coleman, Kevin J
Description: Several bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress to address issues that have been raised about the security of direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines. Touchscreen and other DREs using computer-style displays are arguably the most versatile and voter-friendly of any current voting system. The popularity of DREs, particularly the touchscreen variety, has grown in recent years. In addition, the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA, P.L. 107 — 252), while not requiring or prohibiting the use of any specific kind of voting system, does promote the use of DREs through some of its provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform: A Summary and Analysis of Legislative Proposals In the 98th and 99th Congresses

Campaign Finance Reform: A Summary and Analysis of Legislative Proposals In the 98th and 99th Congresses

Date: January 5, 1987
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This report summarizes and analyzes on a conceptual basis the 108 bills and major amendments offered in the 98th and 99th Congresses which proposed changes in the campaign finance laws governing Federal elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing in Federal Elections: A Guide to the Law and Its Operation

Campaign Financing in Federal Elections: A Guide to the Law and Its Operation

Date: August 8, 1986
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This report provides an introduction to the laws governing the financing of Federal election campaigns and presents data on campaign finance activity in the 1980’s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals to Reform Our Presidential Electoral System: A Survey of the Historical Background and Development of the Electoral College, and a Compilation of Proposals to Reform It,  With Pro and Con Analyses

Proposals to Reform Our Presidential Electoral System: A Survey of the Historical Background and Development of the Electoral College, and a Compilation of Proposals to Reform It, With Pro and Con Analyses

Date: August 1, 1984
Creator: Durbin, Thomas M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Azerbaijan's 2005 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications for U.S. Interests

Azerbaijan's 2005 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses Azerbaijan’s democratization progress as evidenced by its November 6, 2005, legislative election. It describes the campaign and results and examines implications of this election for Azerbaijani and U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Primaries and Filing Deadlines, 2006 Schedule

Congressional Primaries and Filing Deadlines, 2006 Schedule

Date: November 8, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: This report provides the dates of congressional filing deadlines and primary and runoff primary dates for 2006 for the states, the District of Columbia, and territories.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses United States and United Nations preparations for Iraq’s planned elections for a transitional National Assembly, scheduled for January 30, 2005. Elections preparations are significantly hindered by continuing insurgency and threats of a boycott by many of Iraq’s Sunni Arabs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Voluntary Voting System Guidelines: Summary and Analysis of Issues

Federal Voluntary Voting System Guidelines: Summary and Analysis of Issues

Date: November 9, 2005
Creator: Fischer, Eric A
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the historical context of the VVSG, followed by a summary of the guidelines and a discussion of each of the issues identified above. However, there are many specific issues, such as whether wireless communications should be permitted, that are not covered here. The report also briefly summarizes relevant legislative proposals in the 109th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Electoral College: Origins, Development, Proposals for Reform or Abolition

The American Electoral College: Origins, Development, Proposals for Reform or Abolition

Date: June 2, 1979
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: This report is a comprehensive annotated bibliography of substantive books, monographs, articles, and documents treating the origins, evolution, and current operational characteristics of the U.S. electoral college system, as well as proposals for its reform or abolition. An explanatory introduction is provided for readers unfamiliar with the issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform: Regulating Political Communications on the Internet

Campaign Finance Reform: Regulating Political Communications on the Internet

Date: September 20, 2005
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige & Cantor, Joseph E
Description: In October 2002, the Federal Election Commission (FEC) promulgated regulations exempting from the definition of “public communication” those communications that are made over the Internet. In response to the FEC’s final rules, the two primary House sponsors of BCRA filed suit in U.S. district court against the FEC seeking to invalidate the regulations as opening a new avenue for circumvention of federal campaign finance law. In September 2004, in Shays v. FEC, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia overturned some of the FEC’s new regulations. In response to the district court’s decision, in April 2005, the FEC published proposed new rules in order to conform to the Shays ruling. The proposed regulations reflect an attempt by the FEC to leave web logs, or “blogs,” created and wholly maintained by individuals, free of regulations under FECA, while extending limited regulation only to uses of the Internet involving substantial monetary transactions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: 2005 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Egypt: 2005 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Date: September 21, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M
Description: This report provides an overview of the presidential election and its implications for U.S. policy toward Egypt and U.S. efforts to promote democracy in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uganda: Recent Elections and Current Conditions

Uganda: Recent Elections and Current Conditions

Date: July 19, 2001
Creator: Dagne, Ted & Harding, Zarina
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Do Local Elections Officials Think About Election Reform?: Results of a Survey

What Do Local Elections Officials Think About Election Reform?: Results of a Survey

Date: June 23, 2005
Creator: Fischer, Eric A & Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department